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Foundations of Verbal Language


yi ren

on 2 February 2010

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Transcript of Foundations of Verbal Language

Foundations of Verbal Language Assumptions on the origin of
human language: Control over mouth and throat muscles
Gestural theory
Primary grooming behavior
Mental reflexes
...... What is language? It is a system of arbitrary signals, such as sounds, gestures, or symbols, used by a nation, people, or distinct community to communicate thoughts and feelings. The system includes rules for combining its components, which is referred to as grammar. the Cybernetic Process Input Storage Stimulus Search Recall Output Learning Symbols:
Language Explosion Theory
Significant Other Theory the Concept of Meaning:
Sapir-Whorf hypothesis/Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis
Denotative meanings Vs. Connotative meanings
Two-Valued Reasoning

the Functions of Language:
Emotive Language
Phatic Language
Cognitive Language
Rhetorical Language
Identifying Language Language Distortion:
Inferences the Language We Use
Standard American English
Nonstandard English Dialect: Ebonics/Black English, Spanglish
Nonstandard English Dialect: Asian American Dialect, Native American Languages
Language Mirrors Life Excercise Two
1. think of a word and what that word does to you;
2. put the word on the blackboard on the continuum from negative to positive.
3. present a short briefing using PEP formula (point, example, point) in which you make the point about what the word does, then provide an example of how the word has the affect it does, and then restate the point Language Mirrors Life Excercise One
Share your story about one word/phrase/expression that:
1. is unique to your family or friends, or
2. you often use that makes you you, or
3. a person often uses that impresses/annoys you, or
4. has meaning only for a select group
1. Create a role play with your group members that includes languages seperately displaying the five functions;
2. One group member will serve as a commentator. When a certain function of language is played out, the commentator can say "pause", then explain to the audience what function this language has, and how it best serves the situation, then say "continue" and the role-play resumes. Introduce what this kind of language
refers to, how it comes into being,
what's its social implications, and
give some examples of this language
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