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Timeline of Bilingual Education in America
Transcript of Timeline of Bilingual Education in America
Timeline of Bilingual Education In America
1850: New Mexico territory offers Spanish-English bilingual education.
In 1900 4% of elementary education in the United States consisted of partial or complete instruction in German.
1936: Puerto Ricans living in New York start a campaign for bilingual education.
1960: Cuban immigrants request bilingual education for their kids in Dade County, Florida.
1968: "ESEA Title VII offers funding for bilingual education programs. First bilingual kindergarten in New York City; first bilingual education major at Brooklyn College."(Diaz-Rico, p.123)
1974: The Equal Opportunities Education Act. No one can deny teaching someone based on a language barrier. This Act made it so that all students would have equal opportunity in learning regardless of race, color, ethnicity and/or language barrier.
"Lau Remedies—guidelines from the U.S. Commissioner of Education Standardized requirements for identification, testing, and placement into bilingual programs. Districts are told how to identify and evaluate children with limited English skills, what instructional treatments to use, when to transfer children to all-English classrooms, and what professional standards teachers need to meet." (Diaz-Rico, p. 123)
Diaz-Rico, L. T. A Course for Teaching English Learners, VitalSource for Ashford University [VitalSouce bookshelf version]. Retrieved from http://online.vitalsource.com/books/9781269207546/id/ch04lev1sec4
Naik A. ( June 20, 2011)History of Bilingual Education. http://www.buzzle.com/articles/history-of-bilingual-education.html
Nair, T. (June 27, 2012)Bilingual Education Debate. http://www.buzzle.com/articles/bilingual-education-debate.html
Arab American schoolgirls in a bilingual grade school class in Dearborn, Michigan, in 1995. (Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images)http://immigrationinamerica.org/378-bilingual-education.html
Taking Bilingual Education to the Next Level. © 2014 National Association for Bilingual Education. All rights reserved. http://www.nabe.org/AboutNABE
Federal Overview. Copyright © 2014. Justice at Stake. All Rights Reserved.http://www.justiceatstake.org/federal/
Bilingual Education Is A Human and Civil Right. A Rethinking Schools editorial.
Winter 2002/2003-photo: Jean-Claude Lejeune
Hacala, E. (Sunday, May 8, 2011) English for the Children.http://languageasculturespring11.blogspot.com/2011/05/english-for-children.html
"In 1847, Louisiana authorized instruction in French, English, or both at the request of parents."
(Diaz-Rico, p. 116)
"1977 Ríos v. Read A federal court rules that a bilingual program must include a cultural component."
1978: Bilingual education became defined as becoming competent in speaking English by the United States Congress.
1989: So that students could maintain their native language, developmental bilingual programs were expanded.
1998: California passed Proposition 227, which rejected bilingual education. Children who are English Language Learners are made to attend sheltered English immersion programs, before being mainstreamed in classrooms.
America is full of English Language Learners. The United States is an immigrant nation. The history of multilingual and bilingual education is important to learn so that our American education system can continue to grow and become better than it used to be. Bilingual education has had a lot of ups and downs throughout American education history. Through our past ways of teaching students with language barriers, we are more knowledgeable on what helps ELLs learn easier and more efficiently. This timeline shows examples of past bilingual education in the United States and helps shed light on to how our education system has gotten to the present ways of teaching English Language Learners.
Timeline of Bilingual Education in America