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History of Jim Crow
Transcript of History of Jim Crow
The term “Jim Crow” originated from a song, in the song the singer performed the character of a silly black man, he sang and danced and covered his face in charcoal to resemble someone of the African American race.
After the year 1900, what did the term, "Jim Crow," become identified with?
After the year 1900 the term “Jim Crow” became identified with the racist actions that made it so that African Americans were not able to have the same rights as white people, because people believed white people, were the superior race.
What Supreme Court case upheld segregation, or "separate but equal?"
The Supreme Court case that upheld segregation, or “separate but equal” was the Plessy v. Ferguson case in 1896.
Who was Booker T. Washington? What was his stance on the segregation debates?
A man born into slavery, Booker T. Washington firmly believed that if blacks just accepted the segregation between blacks and whites, and did farm work, it would help avoid terror and violence towards blacks. He tried to found many black schools and colleges often funded by white people, which taught blacks on agriculture, and trained black teaches. He believed that his efforts and the efforts of others from his race, would bring an equal society, and black people could be equal with whites and avoid the terror of Jim Crow.
How did some southern black people try to resist and escape the Jim Crow laws?
Many black people attempted to resist the Jim Crow laws, by accepting segregation and working hard on farms and such, they believed that if they worked hard enough, they would begin to be accepted throughout society. Many other black people believed that attacking white supremacy through defiant acts would help resist the Jim Crow laws, when it only caused more lynchings, and several of the defiant blacks were forced to flee their towns. Many blacks resisted Jim Crow by hoping for when they could escape the Jim Crow South, like their ancestors used to Underground Railroad to flee slavery by following the north star. Thousands of blacks left for Oklahoma and Kansas in the 1880s and 1890s, the move to Kansas was named the “Kansas Exodus” and to this day, there are still several almost all black towns in this state. Some African Americans attempted to establish all-black towns in the south, in Mississippi delta, and Mound Bayou in hopes of completely getting away from whites while staying in the region of what felt like home.
What was the name of the new literary movement, based in Harlem, New York, which featured "New Negro" poetry and literature that emphasized self-respect and defiance under the Jim Crow laws?
The Harlem Renaissance was the literary movement which featured “new negro” literature and poetry.