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Science 2013, Deadly Diseases

Kat L

on 26 February 2013

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Transcript of Meningococcal

Meningococcal By Katrina Lowe, Alex Duffy and Natalie Glaze - Meningococcal is a disease that affects most of the globe.
- This disease causes symptoms such as various rashes. vomiting, nausea, body pains and stiffness.
- Two vaccines are available, Meningococcal C and Polysaccharide Meningococcal vaccine.
- Antibiotics are given to an infected person then they are immediately sent to hospital.
- Meningococcal was discovered in 1887.
- Meningococcal is still a concern for countries in northern Africa, southern Asia, some parts of Europe and the U.S.
- Meningococcal can infect people of any age.
- Adolescences and young children are at a higher risk of becoming infected.
- In conclusion, there is very little chance that Meningococcal will ever be a major concern in Australia. - Treatment for meningococcal is to give person antibiotics immediately and then sent straight to hospital.
- Meningococcal C vaccine given to all age groups including babies over six weeks.
- Protect against Serogroup C disease and provide long lasting immunity.
- Polysaccharide meningococcal vaccines cover some serogroups not often seen in Australia.
- Used for travelling to places such as Africa and Asia.
- Cannot be given to children under the age of two.
- Only provides protection for about three years.
- Don't share drink bottles, utensils, foods or drinks. Bibliography Levine, I 2004, 'Cut teens' meningitis risk.', Prevention, vol. 56, no. 9, September 2004, p.42, accessed 19 February 2013, Science Reference Centre, EBSCOhost.

Meningococcal Disease 1 July 2012, NSW Government Health, accessed 13 February 2013, <http://www0.health.nsw.gov.au/factsheets/infectious/meningococcal.html>.

Meningococcal Disease 2012, World Health Organization, accessed 17 February 2013, <http://www.who.int/csr/don/archive/disease/meningococcal_disease/en/>.

Meningococcal Disease 29 June 2011, DermNet NZ, accessed 16 February 2013, <http://www.dermnetnz.org/bacterial/meningococcal-disease.html>.

Meningococcal Disease 30 January 2013, Better Health Channel, accessed 13 February 2013, <http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Meningococcal_disease>.

Meningococcal Disease- The facts 7 February 2007, Department of Health, Victoria, Australia, accessed 15 February 2013, <http://ideas.health.vic.gov.au/diseases/meningococcal-facts.asp>.

Meningococcal Vacine N.d., WebMD, accessed 15 February 2013, <http://children.webmd.com/vaccines/meningococcal-vaccine>.

Young, L 2009, Introductions, Netplaces, accessed 14 February 2013, <http://www.netplaces.com/vaccines/the-meningococcal-vaccine/introduction-11.htm>.
Cause - Bacteria is found in the nasal and throat cavities.
- The Bacteria stays there without showing symptoms to the person carrying it. Transmission Evaluation Treatment and Prevention Symptoms - Bacteria doesn't spread from person to person.
- doesn't survive well outside the body.
- Bacteria are passed between people from back of nose and throat.
- Requires close contact with a
person carrying bacteria
- Example is living in the same household with someone who is carrying meningococcal bacteria.
- Meningococcal is not easily spread by
sharing drinks, food or cigarettes. Symptoms of meningococcal include
- Sudden fever
- Headaches
- Neck stiffness
- Joint pains
- Rash of purple, reddish spots or bruises
- Dislike of bright lights
- Nausea and vomiting
- Rash (unlike normal rashes it does not disappear with gentle pressure on the skin)
Not all of the symptoms may be present at once.

Young children
- Irritability
- Difficulty in waking
- High-pitched crying
- Refusal to eat. Timeline, graph and map Timeline Graph Map The number of Meningococcal disease cases is decreasing over the years. Today the mortality rate for Meningococcal disease is 10-15%. Meningococcal disease is mainly found in counties in/around Africa, Asia, some parts of Europe and the U.S. This is because these countries still have a large amount of the population living under the poverty line, therefore there may be a lack of hygiene and sanitation. In conclusion you are the most at risk if you are a child or adolescent living in poverty and you have not been vaccinated.
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