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Animal Farm Historical Connections
Transcript of Animal Farm Historical Connections
The Bolsheviks and Leon Trotsky
The Bolsheviks and Trotsky in Animal Farm are the pigs and Snowball. The Bolsheviks started as just a faction, then they overthrew the Tsar, appointing themselves as leaders. They then formed a communist government. This is just what the pigs did. The pigs were the dominant farm animals, they overthrew Jones (Tsar) and implemented the same sort of government the Bolsheviks did. When Napoleon rose to power, the pigs didn't see it coming, and he saw Snowball as a threat, as did Stalin to Trotsky in pre-Soviet Russia. Leon Trotsky was the good-guy ruler at Animal farm. When Napoleon came into play, and took the spotlight away from him, he wanted more. So Napoleon framed Snowball and had him banished from animal Farm. This is a representation of what happened in the late 1920's with Stalin and Trotsky. Stalin saw Trotsky as a threat, as did Napoleon to Snowball, he then banished him in 1929 and blanked him out from the minds of all Russians (with help from the Russian Media, which will come next)
Mankind and Connections
to the Outside World
The various farms around Manor Farm represent different countries. I picked up Foxwood, to be Great Britain and Pinchfield to be Germany. I am pretty sure that Mr. Frederick (The owner of Pinchfield) was a representation of Adolf Hitler. It was said that he flogged a horse and starved a cow (Might be a representation of the Jews) and that he threw a dog in a furnace (Which could be a reference to the Night of Knives). The pigeons served as messengers to outside of the Manor Farm which are representations of The Communist World Revolution, an attempt to spread communism to the rest of the world
Tsar Nicholas ll of Russia
Nicholas ll was the Tsar in power that the Red Army and the Bolsheviks overthrew in 1917 during the Russian Revolution. In Animal Farm, Mr. Jones is his symbol. If Mr. Jones is Nicholas ll, then Manor Farm is Russia. Just as Jones was a poor farmer in keeping his animals happy, Nicholas ll was a poor leader of Russia. Both retorted with violence when oppressed and both were eventually overthrown with violence (although Mr. Jones was not killed, Nicholas ll was). On page 19 when the rebellion starts, and when Jones and his men are being kicked and butted from all directions, there is a line that says "They had never seen animals behave like this before". This is sort of what Nicholas ll thought during the Russian Revolution. He didn't think that the Russians would overthrow him. So Jones and Nicholas ll were both pretty naive.
Old Major symbolizes Karl Marks in Animal Farm. Karl Marks was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist and historian. He came up with many social theorys and ideas throughout his career. One of which, was something he called, Marxism. Marxism is a type of economic system, which there are no social classes, everyone is equal, and everyone piles their resources together so no one is the lesser. Marxism was noticed by Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks, which later formed into Communism. Old Major resembles Karl Marx in the way that he stirs up the animals before the revolution. Which is what happened with Lenin and the Bolsheviks. Major told the animals about establishing a functioning, new system (Which is what Marxism/Communism was viewed as at the time) and overthrow those in power. The animals did just that. Marx passed away before the Russian Revolution took place, which is what happens to Major on page 15.
Russian Media and Propaganda
Squealer is the representation of the propaganda in Russia. In Soviet Russia, Stalin used the media to exploit his views and power on his subjects. This is what Napoleon had Squealer do. If you think about it, the name 'Squealer' means 'to shout' and 'to yell' and that is what media is, yelling to everyone and in their faces.
Since George Orwel's groundbreaking novel 'Animal Farm' was first published in 1949, readers have drawn connections from characters in the novel to historical figures and places. The biggest one is Soviet Russia, which is what is the dominant conclusion amongst those who have read the book. This prezi draws lines from characters in the book to historical figures and symbols in Soviet Russia.
By Cam Brown
A list of figures that are covered
Animals on Animal Farm
The horses on Animal farm represent the working class of Russia. Mollie, on the other hand, is a different story. I think she represents the upper class. After the revolution she was always missing her ribbons and her sugar cane, which is an example of rich people in Russia after their rebellion. Mollie went along with the revolution, but never did fight. Which is just what the upper class Russians did. The hens and ducks represent the peasant farmers. There was an event in Soviet Russia when Stalin attempted to collectivize the farmers of Russia. They were resistant at first, and they were eventually starved to death. Over 10 million farmers starved to death at the hand of Stalin. There is a representation of this in the book when Napoleon ruthlessly killed 9 hens after they were hoarding eggs on page 84.
Perhaps the most obvious of the historical connections in Animal farm. Napoleon is (surprise, surprise) Joseph Stalin. All the evidence supports it. Napoleon ruthlessly killed the hens for hoarding the eggs. He banished Snowball (Trotsky) and blamed the collapsing of the windmill on him. Also, it is said that the Windmill represents Stalin's 'Five Year Plan'. A plan to improve Soviet industry, that would eventually shorten the work week, and make everybody's life easier. The Five Year Plan, as was the Windmill, Snowball/Trotsky's idea. Napoleon took it from him, as he did with the Five Year Plan and the Windmill. Its a bit ironic, because when the Windmill crashed, Napoleon blamed it on Snowball, the person who originally thought of it. The Five Year Plan was an utter failure, which is symbolized with the crashing of the windmill.