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Gros Morne

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by

Chantal Lieu

on 13 June 2011

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Transcript of Gros Morne

Gros Morne was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987 At 1,805 km2 (697 sq mi), it is the second largest national park in Atlantic Canada Flora & Fauna Moose are a very common sight in Gros Morne .
Caribou and other arctic mammals are a very important sight if you see them, as you are seeing one of the species in some of the most bilogically diverse areas in Canada. This is possible because of the many awesome climates.
The endangered Newfoundland marten makes its home in the northern area of the park. This is only one of two areas where these beautiful animals live, They are very rare due to deforestation.
Black bears are also seen in the park often. Fauna Flora Gros Morne has many climates with vast differences. They range from tudra to rain-forest like temperatures Long Range Mountains are rich in rock types and are more than 20 times older than the Rockys Because of the diverse range of wildlife, Gros Morne is called the Galapagos Islands of The North Mammals Birds Gros Morne contains 239 different species of unique birds. Some of these include the endangered harlequin duck.
Some of the arctic birds here include rock ptarmigan. The Gros Morne national park was establish in 1973. It wasn't until October 1, 2005 that National Parks Act was applied to the reserve, therefore making it a Canadian National Park. It is the second largest national park in Atlantic Canada, the largest park being Torngat Mountains National Park. ACTIVITIES Gros Morne is very well known for its magnificent hike trails that the park contains, that no other national park can provide.
There are over 100 km of trails throughout the whole park ranging from 30 minute strolls to full day hikes
The longest trail in the park is Gros Morne Mountain which is 16 km long and takes about 7-8 hours to hike, but can be done in 4-5 hours. This magnificent mountain has an amazing view of glacial carved landscape, the deep fjord of Bonne Bay, and the U-shape form of Ten Mile Pond.
Besides hiking Gros Morne produces many other activities such as fishing, boat tours, kayaking, picnicking, cross country skiing, snowmobiling, swimming and much more.
Why cut funding from a park that has so many incredible activities in it that will take your breathe away every minute your there. Due to the wind, salty air, and crashing waves, plant life in Newfoundland is hearty.
Some of the plantlife range from moss and lichens, to white pines and balsam firs, which grow away from the sea, what a beautiful sight.
Small plants and lots of flowers grow in peace in this amazing beautiful park. Gros Morne has over 700 species of flowering plants and 400 species of bryophytes (mosses, liverworts and hornworts), plus an estimated 400 species of lichen. This remarkable diversity is due to the wide range of habitats provided by bedrock types, soil development, exposure, altitude range, and proximity to the ocean. Shoreline: Wind, Waves and Spray Salt spray, wave erosion, and drying winds assault plants living along the seashore. Coastal plants protect themselves with waxy coatings, fleshy leaves, flexible stems, and compact growth. Sand dunes have developed at Shallow Bay and Western Brook beach. Newfoundland Marten Newfoundland Marten are only found on the island of Newfoundland Marten live in mature forests, but much of the island's mature forests have been cut for lumber and pulp production Martens are killed in incidental snaring and trapping set for snowshoe hares Meadow Voles Snowshoe Hare Red Squirrel Food Chain Lynx Red Fox Great-horned owl Reasons for Species Loss Predation by owls, foxes, lynx, hawks, coyote and hawks Diseases such as rabies and canine distemper virus Pine seeds Spruce Even though there are arctic species, the summers are still warm. This is unique to this park. History of Gros Morne Named after second highest mountain in Newfoundland The Western Brook Pond Boat Tour is a must do on your vacation itinerary. Glide through deep fjords and see cascading waterfalls. Experience billions of years of geological history, and see some gorgeous wildlife. Photo Gallery Gros Morne has many translations such as "big gloomy" and "great sombre". By: Connor Hardy, Chantal Lieu, Jessie Cann and Mac Burbridge Gros Morne provides a rare example of the process of continental drift, where deep ocean crust and the rocks of the earth's mantle lie exposed. Most recent glacial action has resulted in some spectacular scenary, with coastal lowland, alpine plateau, fjords, glacial valleys, sheer cliffs, waterfalls and many pristine lakes. Gros Morne, an outstanding wilderness enviroment of spectacular landlocked, freshwater fjords and glacier- scoured headlands in an ocean setting, is an area of exceptional natural beauty. Rocky Harbour Rocky Harbour, the heart of Gros Morne, is an encave within this National park where there are many places to explore from the James Callaghan Trail to the Western Brook Pond Trail. Two different landscapes (coastal lowlands and alpine lowlands), 239 bird species, and several distinct animal species are all found in this natural world wonder. Red Clover Switch Grass Tablelands The tablelands is the only place in the world where a complete crossroad of ophiolites can be accessed and viewed by the general public. These ophiolites are the remains of ancient ocean crust that have been thrust up to the present day of Earth's surface. Tablelands Tourist Attractions Green Point The natural beauty and seascapes are stunning in Gros Morne National Park on the west coast of Newfoundland. Green Point is a beautiful place to watch a sunset highlight the sky. When the tide is out, the rocks become visible making it a unique place to explore for the different sea creatures residing under and around the rocks. Greenpoint Rocks Coastline of Greenpoint Gros Morne has a lot to offer visitors to the area. Whether it be hiking the vast mountain ranges, camping in undisturbed nature, relaxing at the beach, taking a boat tour, or photographing Newfoundland's unique wildlife or scenery, Gros Morne National Park is a great place to relax and enjoy the beauty of nature. Western Brook Pond Tourists
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