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The Mycenaeans

Warrior People
by

A Hulm

on 18 February 2016

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Transcript of The Mycenaeans


"A Warrior People"

The Death Mask of Agamemnon
c.1550-1500BC
- Named after the archaeological site of
Mycenae (Mikenes)
- Came from southern Russia
- Kings built
fortress-palaces
or citadels on hilltops
- Built
"Cyclopean"
(large) walls used to protect the villagers in times of danger
- Chief feature was the
megaron
, a square meeting and entertainment hall

Who were the Mycenaeans?
Reconstruction of Mycenae
Society

- Strong, ruling class and clearly distinguished from the common people.
-
Wanax
or King - political and religious leader.
- Below him -
local chiefs
and
controllers
who looked after administrative duties.
-
Lawagetas
, the head of the army - responsible for security and protection of the people
-
warlike
society
- Produced cereals, olive oil + wine
- Herbs, spices, + honey also cultivated.
- Land divided into estates worked by tenants
or slaves
- Sheep + goats grazed for wool and milk.
- Goods and produce exported esp. olive oil.
- Herders and hunters using chariots.
- Imitated Minoan gold and bronze (metallurgy).
- Textiles (wool, fiber, flax etc)
- Kept written records (Linear B)-deciphered, unlike Linear A (6000 tablets)


Economy
Kafkania Pebble (1700BC)
Ruins of Mycenae c.1300BC
Tholos or Beehive Tombs

tombs
The Mycenaeans
Who were they?
Where did they come from?
What did they accomplish?
What happened to them?

Full transcript