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Transcript of The Mycenaeans
"A Warrior People"
The Death Mask of Agamemnon
- Named after the archaeological site of
- Came from southern Russia
- Kings built
or citadels on hilltops
(large) walls used to protect the villagers in times of danger
- Chief feature was the
, a square meeting and entertainment hall
Who were the Mycenaeans?
Reconstruction of Mycenae
There was a strong, ruling class and clearly distinguished from the common people.
or King - political and religious leader.
Below him -
who looked after administrative duties.
, the head of the army - responsible for security and protection of the people
They were a
Produced cereals, olive oil + wine
Herbs, spices, + honey also cultivated.
Land divided into estates worked by tenants
Sheep + goats grazed for wool and milk.
Goods and produce exported esp. olive oil.
Herders and hunters using chariots.
Imitated Minoan gold and bronze (metallurgy).
Textiles (wool, fiber, flax etc)
Kept written records (Linear B)-deciphered, unlike Linear A (6000 tablets)
Kafkania Pebble (1700BC)
Ruins of Mycenae c.1300BC
Who were they?
Where did they come from?
What did they accomplish?
What happened to them?
Believed in many gods like the Minoans
The Myceneaeans adopted Minoan practices
Believed in animal sacrifice and offerings of foodstuffs
Burial was an important ritual e.g. tholos tombs, precious objects buried with the dead
The Mycenaeans created frescoes,
pottery and jewellery
Minoan artwork was adopted by the Mycenaean artisans but with some differences