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The Mycenaeans

Warrior People
by

A Hulm

on 16 February 2017

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Transcript of The Mycenaeans


"A Warrior People"

The Death Mask of Agamemnon
c.1550-1500BC
- Named after the archaeological site of
Mycenae (Mikenes)
- Came from southern Russia
- Kings built
fortress-palaces
or citadels on hilltops
- Built
"Cyclopean"
(large) walls used to protect the villagers in times of danger
- Chief feature was the
megaron
, a square meeting and entertainment hall

Who were the Mycenaeans?
Reconstruction of Mycenae
Important Information

There was a strong, ruling class and clearly distinguished from the common people.

Wanax
or King - political and religious leader.
Below him -
local chiefs
and
controllers
who looked after administrative duties.
Lawagetas
, the head of the army - responsible for security and protection of the people
They were a
warlike
society
Produced cereals, olive oil + wine
Herbs, spices, + honey also cultivated.
Land divided into estates worked by tenants
or slaves
Sheep + goats grazed for wool and milk.
Goods and produce exported esp. olive oil.
Herders and hunters using chariots.
Imitated Minoan gold and bronze (metallurgy).
Textiles (wool, fiber, flax etc)
Kept written records (Linear B)-deciphered, unlike Linear A (6000 tablets)



Other Information
Kafkania Pebble (1700BC)
Ruins of Mycenae c.1300BC
The Mycenaeans
Who were they?
Where did they come from?
What did they accomplish?
What happened to them?


Believed in many gods like the Minoans
The Myceneaeans adopted Minoan practices
Believed in animal sacrifice and offerings of foodstuffs
Burial was an important ritual e.g. tholos tombs, precious objects buried with the dead
Religion
The Mycenaeans created frescoes,
pottery and jewellery
Minoan artwork was adopted by the Mycenaean artisans but with some differences
What else?
Full transcript