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Victim, Villain, Hero

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Patrick Kessler

on 22 April 2010

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Transcript of Victim, Villain, Hero

Victim, Villain, and Hero:
The Archetypes of Cultural Struggle Instead, the Hero, Victim, and Villain archetypes are defined exclusively through their interactions:
In the context of literary archetypes, the hero and villain are not defined by moral or ethical absolutes.
(Remember Mich's discussion of the heroic Bad Man, and the stories of Ananse the heroic trickster) The villain oppresses the victim,

The victim motivates the hero,

The hero vanquishes the villain. The villain is the oppressive or
The villain is the oppressive or aggressive character or group who is the surce or embodiment of conflict in the story. The villain is the character, group of characters, or force that acts as the source or embodiment of conflict in the story. The victim is the character, group of characters, or principle opposed by the villain. The hero is the character who opposes the villain on behalf of the victim. Why Bother? The Hero, victim, and villain archetypes are useful aides
for analyzing changes and developments in literature. By studying how these archetypes are used or subverted over time, we can trace developments in literary trends and social beliefs. Most of the works we've examined in class do not conform rigidly to these archetypes. Some victims are also villains, some villains are also heroes, and most heroes are also victims. Determining how and why these works deviate from earlier uses of these archetypes can inform us about the work's cultural and literary background. Sundiata (Typical, traditional epic: Plays it straight) Hero:
Victims:
Villains: Each character is confined to only one archetype. Sundiata, acting for his own interests and the good of the people, liberates them from his half-brother and the sorcerer king. Sundiata is an example of the early standard against which the other works should be evaluated for differences. Sudiata
People of Mali
Dankaran Tuman
and Soumaoro Kanté Michael K. Does not fit the standards of society. Likewise, does not fit the standard character archetypes. Hero | Villain | Victim Anna K. was a villain because of the way she treated (victimized) her son
Huis Norenius school
Expectation of later care
Lack of motherly love Michael K.
Anna K. Doctor
War X X
X
X X
X
Anna K. Hero: seeing Michael K.’s humanity and understanding that he could not live the life he wanted.
Victim: could not utilize his medical skills as his training intended. Doctor Ultimate Villain
People are controlled because of fear
Fight for freedom creates lack of freedom in the process
People forget what the purpose of the war is because it has pervaded their lives, victimizing them. War Michael K. was a hero because of his strong will to live the life he wanted despite unfortunate circumstances (opposition to the war).
He was a victim because no one could understand that he wanted to live his life differently. His greatest wish was to not be considered a victim, because in his opinion, he was not a victim. However, his society's act of forcing charity on him made him a victim. Michael K. (One man show) Hero:
Victim:
Villain: Grew up with a feminine father figure.
Taught himself to be a man.
Became an idol in his village. (complex People and simple principles) (stories within stories: shifting archetypes) (villains masked as heroes vanquishing villians) Represents his village in the government
Uses his education for the good of his people
Cared for Hosna Bint Mahmoud and her two sons Things Fall Apart Season of Migration to the North The Woman in Pieces Tribal Scars Okonkwo Innocent Bystander Worked to be better than his father.
Provider for his family.
Local success story: many wives, many children, great wealth.
Champion of self-definition: ensured his daughter had every opportunity, vanquishing social norms on her behalf. Innocent Turned Hero Lost self-control and self agency.
Killed his son, victimizing his family and failing his society.
Takes action without considering consequences, to the detriment of his people. Hero Turned Villain Victim of his own morality and ethics.
Victim of circumstance.
Victim of cultural imperialism. Villain Turned victim Not a victim: conquered his circumstances.
Not a villain: well-liked by his society.
Not a hero: no opposition. Five Acts Act 1 Act 2 Act 3 The story opens in Baghdad and describes the faux tomb that the woman in pieces is found in. When the chest is discovered, the reader is told that there is a body inside. Husband buys apples for their weight in gold. Wife refuses them. Husband sees a young black man with a red apple, and asks where* it came from. The husband finds only two red apples at home. He questions his wife, who claims one of their children must have taken or eaten an apple. The wife worries that she may be pregnant again. She no longer wants to be near her husband. The husband keeps his emotions to himself. He rationalizes that his wife must be ill. She asks him for an apple.
He then goes on a distant search for an apple. Act 4 Act 5 The husband’s confession. The father of the woman in pieces tries to sacrifice himself in place of the husband. Husband discovers that his son had stolen the apple from his mother, then the black man stole the apple from him. Husband is pardoned. The remains lay unburied and unmourned.
Djaffar takes Rihan to Haroun el Rachid and confesses, then bargains for his life. We do not know the fate of the father, the husband, Djaffar, Rihan, or the wife in pieces. In their place, we have the story of Atyka the teacher. Hero | Villain | Victim Amoo
Momuto
Africans
Colonialism
Scarring X X X
X X
X
X
X Amoo Momuto African People Colonialism Scarring Victim | Villain | Hero Subjugated and colonized
Captured by slavers Helps the slavers
Murders his wife with good intentions Protects family and tribe
Self-sacrificing Victim | Villain Slaver due to circumstance Betrayed his people
Motivated by self-preservation Victim Slavery
Murder
Displacement
Loss of Security Villain Enslaves
Murders
Destroys families and villages
Suppresses cultures and freedoms Hero Means of averting slavery
Cultural invention to preserve culture against colonialism Victim:
Villain:
Hero: ?
?
Husband Victims:

Villain:
Hero: Corpse of the Woman in Pieces
Djaffar
Haroun el Rachid
? Major Themes Clash of western and Muslim cultures
Women's rights (in Muslim society) "Then the black man whispered sophisticated formulas, intricate parentheses, as if reciting something, his face animated with a precious studied expression. However, the husband wasn’t listening and only registered the essential: “It’s an apple my friend gave me. My dear friend, her name be praised and her smile endure Her cuckold of a husband had to go all the way to Bassora to fulfill her wish. He brought her back three apples, purchased at three dinars a piece. Remembering me, she gave me this one as a symbol of our love. May he return and go all the way to India this time to bring her back what she wants, so long as he leaves us to love in peace. Yes, it was my friend who gave me this apple, may she among beauties be praised, she, the most attentive lover in the city." Victim:
Villain:
Hero: Husband?
Black man? Husband?
Husband? Victim:
Villain:
Hero: Wife
Husband, Rihan
Djaffar Atyka's story runs parallel to that of the woman in pieces in Baghdad. Atyka could very well be the woman in pieces seen at the beginning of the story.

Parallels
Atyka: Decapitated
Wife: Stabbed in the throat
Both cut into pieces

Differences:
Atyka: Seems to be very outspoken.
Wife: Complacent, afraid to express feelings.

Atyka: Had a distinct “voice.”
Wife: Did she have a voice?
Ultimate Evaluation Victims: The Wom(a/e)n in Pieces, Djaffar-- avatar of Scheherezade.
Villains: Haroun el Rachid, the husband.
Hero: Atyka, Djaffar, Scheherezade. Hero | Villain | Victim Mustafa
Jean Morris
Women
Narrator X X
X X X
X
X Narrator Hero Self absorbed
Seduced women by pretending to represent the mysteries of Africa*
Created an abode of lies
Mustafa Sa'eed villain Hosna Bint Mahmoud was deserted to be lusted after
Shiela Greenwood, in the end committed suicide
Isabella Seymour, believed she lived her last days from cancer in happiness
Ann Hammond, committed suicide*
Mrs. Robinson, who loved Mustafa like a son and supported him Mustafa's Women Victim "In her eyes I was a symbol of all these hankerings of hers for the North and I am the South that yearns ice."
"I wove for her intricate and terrifying threads of fantasy." Made Mustafa chase after her in agony
Persuaded Mustafa to kill her
Was selfish and wanted Mustafa to die with her Jean Morris Vanquished Mustafa on behalf of wronged women Jean Morris "She would tell me that in my eyes she saw the shimmer of mirages in hot
deserts, that in my voice she heard the screams of ferocious beasts in the jungles." Mustafa Sa'eed Narrator Controlled by Jean Morris (Sex vs. Race) Manipulated by Mustafa
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