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Close Reading: The Siege and Capture of Nicea
Transcript of Close Reading: The Siege and Capture of Nicea
Passage under Discussion
Thereupon, we crossed the sea and went up to Nicaea. . . The city of Nicaea is very strongly fortified by nature, as well as by art. It has on the west a very large lake flowing up to the wall; on the remaining three sides is a moat filled with the overflow of certain little streams; in addition, it is encircled by walls so high that neither the assaults of men nor the attacks of any machine are feared.
Indeed, the ballistae of the neighboring towers are so turned with reference to one another that no one can approach without danger; however, if anyone wants to approach nearer, he is easily overwhelmed from the top of the towers without being able to
. . .
Accordingly, this city, such as we have described, was besieged by Bohemund from the north, by the duke and the Alemanni from the east, by the count and bishop of Puy from the middle, for the count of Normandy was not yet with us. But we believe this one incident should not be passed over—that when the count was about to encamp there with his men, the Turks, descending from the mountains in two squadrons, attacked our army. Their plan,
indeed, was that while one party of the Turks assailed the duke and the Alemanni who were on the east, the other party, entering the middle gate of the city and passing out through another, would
easily drive our men from the camp at a time when they were not expecting such an attack. But God, who is wont to reverse the plan of the impious, so altered their preparations that, as if it had been
arranged, He sent the count, who was preparing to encamp with his men, upon the squadron of Turks which was now about to enter the city.
Who is the autho
r? (You are not looking to identify the author by name.)
Close reading will require you to read and then reread a text many times
Answers/responses must be supported with evidence from the text
No outside sources are to be used for this project. No research necessary!
What is Close Reading?
"When a reader independently stops at moments in a text (media or life) to re-read and observe the choices an author has made. He/she reflects on these observations to reach new understandings that can color the way the rest of the book is read (or song heard, life lived) and thought about." Chris Lehman,Author of
Falling in Love with Close Reading
"Essentially, close reading means reading to uncover layers of meaning..." Nancy Boyles
Lesson 13: Audience
1. Who was the author trying to reach in this piece?
Understanding your Assignment
: This is a 5-Paragraph Essay!
: Briefly give a synopsis on thoughts and feelings of The Siege and Capture of Nicea. Introduce your main topics of discussion (the author and her purpose, the style of writing, and intended audience).
1st paragraph should discuss the author and her purpose
2nd paragraph should discuss the author’s style of writing
3rd paragraph should discuss the author’s intended audience.
: restate your thesis, summarize the main point from each body paragraph.
**Direct quotes are REQUIRED for each topic of discussion**
The author appears to be a soldier, someone who is the leader of the Crusade. It is clear the author of
The Siege of Niacea
is someone of leader of the Crusades because in the piece he describes the siege with an exceptional amount of detial; "Accordingly, this city,...was besieged by Bohemund from the north, by the duke and the Alemanni from the east... " This shows the author was a person who was greatly aware of his surroundings. Additionally, it is clear that the author is a soldier when he states; "So we fought five weeks with no result." The author's background is important to consider because it demonstrates his viewpoint on how the battles of the Crusades were carried out.
Lesson 12: Author's Style & Word choice
1. What words are repeated most and why? Are there multiple reasons and ways the speaker says the same thing?
Not every text is appropriate
for students to read closely. For example, while you enjoy reading
Diary of a Wimpy Kid
books, these novels offer simple story lines and vocabulary that are easily understandable.
When you're done reading them, they don't leave you pondering deep ideas.
Close reading should leave you considering though-provoking messages that go beyond the text
I think the author is (make at least TWO claims)…
The reason I think this is because….
One piece of evidence from the text to support my response is (include a direct quote)…
A second piece of evidence from the text to support my response is (include a direct quote)….
This information is important to consider because (explain how this information influences the meaning of the text)…
2. Does the author have original style, or is he/she trying to mimic the style of someone else? Who might the author be trying to sound like, and why?
2. What reaction was the author trying to get from the various audiences? Could the piece be read from multiple perspectives and seen multiple ways?
Send me steps 1-4 for lesson 12 in the weblink provided in the Adobe room