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Congress of Vienna

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by

William Shakespeare

on 19 December 2012

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Transcript of Congress of Vienna

The Congress of Vienna
-
Concert of Europe By: Aiku Shintani The Congress of Vienna (1814-1815) Where?
took place in Vienna, Austria When?
September 1814 - June 1815 Who?
mainly Austria, Prussia, Russia, and Great Britain The Goal of the Congress to reestablish the European balance of power Russia Austria Prussia Great Britain to control the forces of liberalism and nationalism to maintain peace in Europe Significant People Prince Klemens von Metternich of Austria Lord Castlereagh of Great Britain Lord Talleyrand of France Tsar Alexander I of Russia Prince Klemens von Metternich Goals seeked to restore the legitimate monarchs in Europe
manuervered to keep Austria a first-rate power conservative
believed in the principle of
legitimacy
most influencial in the Congress Vienna Peace Settlement of 1815 the states near or adjacent to France were enlarged to forestall any possible future aggression
to the north, the former Dutch Republic and Belgium was combined

to the southeast, Piedmont was enlarged

to the east, Prussia received territory along the Rhine River

the Germanic Confederation was created Russia acquired Finland from Sweden

Sweden received Norway from Denmark

Great Britain received Malta, Ceylon, the Cape of Good Hope colony, and Dutch Guiana

Austria obtained Salzburg, the Tyrol, the Italian lands of Lombardy and Venetia and districts along the Dalmatian coast

The Bourbon monarchies were restored in France, Spain, and Italy

Switzerland became an independent nation

slavery was condemned Vienna Peace Settlement of 1815(cont.) The Concert of Europe took place between 1815-1822

consisted mainly of the five major powers; Great Britain, Prussia, Russia, Austria, and France

the five powers agreed to meet periodically in conferences 1818, The First Conference held at Aix-la-Chapelle.

the four powers agreed to withdraw their army of occupation from France

the powers decided to let France join the alliance France Great Britain Austria Prussia Russia 1820 The Second Conference held at Troppau.
dealt with the outbreak of revolution in Spain and Italy
Metternich agreed with the principle of intervention
Great Britain highly opposed this principle
Russia, Prussia, and Austria ignored the British opposition 1821 The Third Conference held at Laibach.

the four powers agreed to send Austrian troops to Italy

the Austrian troops crushed the revolts in Naples and Sardinia

Ferdinand I was restored to the throne 1822 The Fourth Conference held at Verona.

the four powers authorized France to invade Spain to crush the revolt

by 1823 the monarchy was restored under Ferdinand VII

Great Britain left the Concert

The British acted against the Concert Austria Prussia Russia Great Britain The Breakdown of the Concert of Europe the Concert realizes that there are many revolts throught Europe

The Concert realized that national interests were proving more important than conservative interests Game Time! Prince Hardenberg of Prussia
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