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Congress of Vienna
Transcript of Congress of Vienna
Concert of Europe By: Aiku Shintani The Congress of Vienna (1814-1815) Where?
took place in Vienna, Austria When?
September 1814 - June 1815 Who?
mainly Austria, Prussia, Russia, and Great Britain The Goal of the Congress to reestablish the European balance of power Russia Austria Prussia Great Britain to control the forces of liberalism and nationalism to maintain peace in Europe Significant People Prince Klemens von Metternich of Austria Lord Castlereagh of Great Britain Lord Talleyrand of France Tsar Alexander I of Russia Prince Klemens von Metternich Goals seeked to restore the legitimate monarchs in Europe
manuervered to keep Austria a first-rate power conservative
believed in the principle of
most influencial in the Congress Vienna Peace Settlement of 1815 the states near or adjacent to France were enlarged to forestall any possible future aggression
to the north, the former Dutch Republic and Belgium was combined
to the southeast, Piedmont was enlarged
to the east, Prussia received territory along the Rhine River
the Germanic Confederation was created Russia acquired Finland from Sweden
Sweden received Norway from Denmark
Great Britain received Malta, Ceylon, the Cape of Good Hope colony, and Dutch Guiana
Austria obtained Salzburg, the Tyrol, the Italian lands of Lombardy and Venetia and districts along the Dalmatian coast
The Bourbon monarchies were restored in France, Spain, and Italy
Switzerland became an independent nation
slavery was condemned Vienna Peace Settlement of 1815(cont.) The Concert of Europe took place between 1815-1822
consisted mainly of the five major powers; Great Britain, Prussia, Russia, Austria, and France
the five powers agreed to meet periodically in conferences 1818, The First Conference held at Aix-la-Chapelle.
the four powers agreed to withdraw their army of occupation from France
the powers decided to let France join the alliance France Great Britain Austria Prussia Russia 1820 The Second Conference held at Troppau.
dealt with the outbreak of revolution in Spain and Italy
Metternich agreed with the principle of intervention
Great Britain highly opposed this principle
Russia, Prussia, and Austria ignored the British opposition 1821 The Third Conference held at Laibach.
the four powers agreed to send Austrian troops to Italy
the Austrian troops crushed the revolts in Naples and Sardinia
Ferdinand I was restored to the throne 1822 The Fourth Conference held at Verona.
the four powers authorized France to invade Spain to crush the revolt
by 1823 the monarchy was restored under Ferdinand VII
Great Britain left the Concert
The British acted against the Concert Austria Prussia Russia Great Britain The Breakdown of the Concert of Europe the Concert realizes that there are many revolts throught Europe
The Concert realized that national interests were proving more important than conservative interests Game Time! Prince Hardenberg of Prussia