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7.02 US History
Transcript of 7.02 US History
Violent or Nonviolent: The action was nonviolent. Activists moved ban literacy tests and poll taxes, as these restrictions are unconstitutional. However, southern-based discriminatory groups such as the KKK instigated violent backlash against the activists.
Success or Not: In the end, Freedom Summer was a huge success: the Voting Rights Act of 1965 eliminated the use of literacy tests; and the 24th Amendment was ratified to abolish poll taxes. Freedom Rides Summary: Freedom Rides were enacted by the Congress of Racial Equality. The Riders challenged transportation segregation by riding on buses in illegal seats.
Violent/Nonviolent: The measures CORE and the SNCC/SCLC took were nonviolent, but the backlash the Riders faced was very violent in southern states. Buses were blown up, Riders were beat brutally, and many Riders were assaulted in prison.
Success or Not: The Freedom Rides were a success. In the end, Kennedy pushed for desegregation in public transportation, and civil rights were furthered in the south. Summary: In 1963, the National Urban League and the SCLC organized the March on Washington. 200,000 civil rights activists sang songs as the marched on the capital and listened to Dr. King's "I Had a Dream" speech.
Violent/Nonviolent: The March on Washington was a nonviolent protest. Likewise, the majority of the repercussions were nonviolent.
Success or Not: The March, including the speeches, signs, and songs of protest, gained lots of attention in the capital. Additionally, the words of Martin Luther King are quoted to this day, making the March a success with lasting impact. Violent or Nonviolent? Nonviolent action such as speeches, marches, and protests seem to have longer lasting effects than violent outbursts. Therefore, since nonviolent action causes change more peacefully than directly violent action, nonviolent action is more effective. By Samantha Morris