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World Geography - Unit 4, Chapter 16: Central Western Europe
Transcript of World Geography - Unit 4, Chapter 16: Central Western Europe
Mountains on 2 sides.
Pyrenees, Alps Regions of France Mediterranean Region Regions of France The East History Conquered by Rome in the first century B.C. Central Western Europe France Northern France Paris Basin - region around Seine river.
The Paris Basin is drained by this river. Paris - capital city of France.
Paris is the economical, cultural, and political capital of France. The City of Lille - important industrial center where textiles, steel, and chemical plants provide jobs. Warm, dry climate. Abundance of vineyards. Especially in Bordeaux. Vineyards are large areas that are used for growing wine grapes. Southern France Mountainous region. - Masisif Central, Alps. Major tourist area because of skiing. Area between Alps and Mediterranean is known as the Riviera. Very warm climate. Many beaches and resorts.
Cannes, Nice, Saint-Tropez Marseille - busiest seaport in France and the second most busy seaport in Europe! Rhine River valley. The Rhine River is very important to the region and it is Europe's busiest waterway. Largest deposits of iron ore in France are located in this region. Bordered by Germany. Religion (Christianity) and language (Latin) influenced by Rome. After the Roman empire fell France was conquered by the Franks - from now Germany. Monarchy from 987 A.D. until French Revolution - 1789. Language and Culture Strong national identity. French is the national language.
Several regional dialects are also spoken. Many intellectual and artistic achievements.
Many world famous philosophers and painters.
Leaders in fashion. Paris - cultural center of France.
Louvre museum. Chapter 16 Report Pick a landmark, city, philosopher, artist, product, city, or anything else that we discussed in the Prezi today.
Research the topic
Then write a mini-research essay on the topic:
include history, significance, location, pictures, and anything else you feel should be included.
Your mini-essay should include at least two sources and should be 3 paragraphs long, each paragraph should be at least 4 sentences long. What's this? Cathedral of Notre-Dame Louvre Arc de Triomphe Arch of Triumph Grand Palais Great Palace This area attracts millions of tourists every year. After the French Revolution the government of France has changed several times but they are now a democracy. Section 2: Germany Size: 357 021 km2 (about the size of Montana)
World Region: Central Europe
Capital City: Berlin
Population: 81.9 million as of 2012
Climate: Temperate and marine; winters are mild, and summers tend to be cool Geography History Unity and Justice and Freedom Background Germany was not always one country. In fact, not until the late 1700's did the individual German states start merging and forming alliances. The official unification of Germany occurred in 1871. Then WWI happened... World War I Economic downfall Nazi Regime and Adolf Hitler World War II Defeat and Cold War Culture Religion: About 61.0% of the population is Christian, 34.1% are Atheist, and the small remaining percentage fall under Islam, Buddhism, and Hinduism
Arts: many famous composers and musicians originated from Germany, namely Ludwig van Beethoven, Johann Bach, Wolfgang Mozart, and Richard Wagner, which is why it is the largest music market in Europe. In terms of artwork and infrastructure, there are Hans Holber and Albrecht Dürer who have contributed to the style and prestige of Germany. Climate - temperate seasonal climate
- four seasons with mild winters and cool summers Labor Force - 43,510,000 people (2009) Employed in:
- factories in auto industry (manufacturing)
- agriculture and vineyards
- tourism industry (hotels and restaurants) Many occupations similar to those of the U.S. such as:
- public servants: teachers, police, government services
- banking and insurance Government - Federal, parliamentary, representative, democratic republic
- has both a President and a Chancellor
- not a monarchy Chancellor
Angela Merkel President Joachim Gauck German companies and Brand Names Natural Resources Germany is known for: But there are more! Coal - "Lignite" is otherwise known as brown coal
- high moisture
- low heating value
- citizens save money when using this type of coal - "Anthracite" is a dark rock with a high quality
-has higher heating value and usually costs two to three times more than regular coal - Germany is a top exporter of Anthracite Timber - known for their role in the development in modern forestry
- contains largest standing forest in Europe Hydroelectric and Other Renewable Energies - increase in use of water, wind, solar sources and biomass over last 20 years
- all of above are being used as energy to generate hydroelectric plants - seven minerals are also considered important: iron, nickel, copper, and salt Well-known German Products Volkswagen: - known all around the world
- achieves better gas mileage and all-around performance
- founded in 1937 by the Nazi trade union
- created for the people of Germany
- Volkswagen is translated into “people’s car.” Innovations:
Cars Not only are Volkswagens created, but other cars such as Porsche, Audi, and Mercedes Benz. These cars are all world class, and many want these vehicles because they are considered a luxury. Geography of Germany - Germany borders 9 countries
- close trading partners
- 1/3 is arable land (land that could be used to grow crops)
- population has been able to grow and prosper for generations
- not prone to natural hazards
- borders sea and mountains The Cold War was fought between the Soviet Union and the United States.
It was a war of ideology.
Communism and the Soviet Union
Democracy and the United States
One of the places that was fought over was Germany. East Germany was controlled by the Soviet Union.
West Germany was controlled by the Allies. The capitol city of Germany is Berlin which was split between the Soviets and Allies.
Conditions were bad in East Berlin and the Soviets had to erect a wall to keep people from escaping to West Berlin. In 1989, the Communist government of East Germany agreed to reunite East and West Germany. To celebrate citizens from both sides tore down the Berlin Wall that separated East and West Berlin. Rivers of Germany The Rhine, Elbe, and Danube are very important to the economy of Germany.