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The Impact Of The Fur Trade
Transcript of The Impact Of The Fur Trade
A long long time ago, when people didn't have any shops to buy things, they started trading food, animals (such as cows, pigs, and chicken etc), and things. (you don't need any money to trade stuff) Native people even said "if you clean my house for a week, I'll give you 5 apples and 2 pigs." It was the trading system from a long time ago and if we compare it with now, it's just like a market.
What Is The Impact Of the Fur Trade???
How it began. . .
The native people were an essential part of the fur trade. They were skilled at trapping the animals and would collect furs in winter when the coats were thickest and keep them until the Europeans arrived to do their trading in the spring. The introduction of the fur trade had a profound effect on the native way of life.
The impact of the fur trade
Long before Europeans visited Canada's shores, the Aboriginal peoples of North America traded furs and other goods with each other, often over great distances. The first outsiders to trade for furs were the sailors who came ashore on the Atlantic Coast in the 1500s, to dry the fish they had caught. The furs they took home to Europe sold for high prices. Beaver pelts made the best felt, but Europe had already used up most of its own beaver population.
When did it start?
No one knows for sure when native peoples arrived in North America or where they came from. It is generally assumed that the first humans to come here traveled over a land bridge that existed where the Bering Strait is now (between Russia and Alaska). Some people think this happened as long as 100,000 years ago; others say it was closer to 12,000 years ago.
The English system of trading posts (like York Factory and Moose Factory) required the native people to travel great distances to deliver the furs. This changed their normal nomadic movements
The French traded differently, going into native lands where they often took native wives and gradually evolved a Métis (mixed race) people
Rather than having an economy based on "shared" food, they now had an economy based on individual profit from furs. Communal hunting grounds started to be divided and the concept of territorial ownership began to take hold in native communities
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The Reserve system in Canada
An Indian Reserve is a tract of land set aside under the Indian Act and treaty agreements for the exclusive use of an Indian Band. Band members possess the right to live on reserve lands, and band administrative and political structures are frequently located there. Reserve lands are not strictly “owned” by bands but are held in trust for bands by the Crown. The Indian Act grants the Minister of Indian Affairs authority over much of the activity on reserves.
In 1982 there were 577 bands in Canada and by 2011 the number had gradually grown to 617, representing more than 50 nations. A majority of bands in Canada have fewer than 1,000 members; in 2013 the Assembly of First Nations reported over 900,000 members living both on and off reserve, representing 634 First Nations reserves!
In 2011, 360,620 people lived on reserves in Canada, of which 324,780 claimed some form of Aboriginal identity. Reserves are governed by the Indian Act, and residence on a reserve is governed by band councils as well as the minister of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development.
More about it. . .
Reserves may serve as spiritual and physical homelands for their people, but they are also tangible representations of colonial governance. As such they are often the focal point of activism relating to land claims, resource management, cultural appropriation, socio-economic conditions, self-governance and cultural self-determination
Reserve Demographics and Locations
The reserve system as governed by the Indian Act relates to First Nations bands and people, referred to in a legal context as Indians.Inuit and Métis people normally do not live on reserves, though many live in communities that are governed by land-claims or self-government agreements
The Reserve system in Canada:
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The impact of the fur trade: