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Drama Terms

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by

Mary Morley

on 29 November 2016

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Transcript of Drama Terms

Elizabethan Age
The time during the sixteenth century when Queen Elizabeth ruled England; Shakespeare’s plays were written during this time of literary advancement
Prologue
The opening of a story that sets up the rest of the story
Monologue
Elizabethan Era
1558–1603
England under Queen Elizabeth I's rule
Era well-known for theater, particularly Shakespeare
Academic Vocabulary:Dramatic Terms
Shakespeare and the Dramatic Elements
(Some of) Shakespeare's Famous Plays
Hamlet
Macbeth
Much Ado About Nothing
A Midsummer Night's Dream
Romeo and Juliet
Twelfth Night
Soliloquy
One person on stage giving a speech.
One person has a long speech when others are on stage
Aside
One character talks to another so only that character and audience can hear
Pun
Play on words: I tried to go to the library, but it was booked.
Sonnet
A 14 line poem that opens the play of R&J, rhyme pattern, 10 syllables per line
Rhyme Scheme
A repetitive rhyme pattern: aa, bb, or abab, etc
Iambic Pentameter
Shakespeare’s style of writing which includes 10 syllables per line of writing
Subtext
Reading between the lines of what characters say and actually mean
Tragedy
A play with an unhappy ending—usually involves many deaths
Modern day examples
Sonnet 130
My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun;
Coral is far more red than her lips' red;
If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun;
If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head.
I have seen roses damasked, red and white,
But no such roses see I in her cheeks;
And in some perfumes is there more delight
Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks.
I love to hear her speak, yet well I know
That music hath a far more pleasing sound;
I grant I never saw a goddess go;
My mistress when she walks treads on the ground.
And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare
As any she belied with false compare.
Allusion
A reference in a work of literature to another work of literature such as Mythology, the Bible, etc
Character Foil
Two characters that serve as direct opposites to one another
Stage Direction
Information provided by the writer to tell actors where to stand, how to say lines, etc.
Example: Exit Juliet
Oxymoron
Two opposite ideas that make sense
Juxtaposition
Putting two elements side by side to show differences like setting, character, color
Dramatic Irony
When the audience knows what will happen but the characters don’t
Foreshadowing
Providing clues to the reader about what will happen
Assonance
Repeated vowel sounds in consecutive words (Ex. No man knows)
Consonance
Repeated consonant sounds in consecutive words (Ex. kittens mitts were old)
Meter
A rhythm in poetry like iambic pentameter
From the prologue of
Romeo and Juliet
:
"Two households, both alike in dignity
(In fair Verona where we lay our scene)
From ancient grudge break to new mutiny,
Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean."
End Rhyme
Two consecutive lines that rhyme at the end of lines
Enjambment
When you are supposed to continue reading a line of poetry and not stop at the end of the line
"If I profane with my unworthiest hand
This holy shrine, the gentle sin is this:
My lips, two blushing pilgrims, ready stand
To smooth that rough touch with a tender kiss."
Prose
Language that is not written in poetry (novels, short stories, speeches, etc)
Verse
Language written in poetry
Parallelism
A grammatical structure that uses repetition:
“That government of the people, by the people, and for the people shall not perish from the earth..."
Epithet
A phrase that describes someone (Sonic the hedgehog;
Shakespeare the bard; Alexander the great)
The Dark Lord, He-Who-Must-Not-Be-Named, You-Know-Who, etc.
Synecdoche
An object that represents part of a whole
(lend a helping hand; twenty eyes were watching him)
Apostrophe
Addressing someone that is not physically present (O Death, I will outsmart you)
Anachronism
Misplacing a person, item, or verbal response in the wrong time period (acting Shakespeare’s plays as bikers)
Tragic Hero
An admirable character that makes a fatal mistake because of his tragic flaw
Tragic Flaw
Possessing too much of a quality like pride, jealousy, love, power, etc.
Full transcript