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NG AS A FUEL FOR TRANSPORT SECTOR: THE BRIDGE TO BIO-CNG AND BIO-LNG

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Flavio Merigo

on 3 October 2015

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Transcript of NG AS A FUEL FOR TRANSPORT SECTOR: THE BRIDGE TO BIO-CNG AND BIO-LNG

4) APPLICABLE STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS
WG 5
Vehicles propelled by gaseous Hydrogen
Fuel system components
Chairman: Stefano Paoli
ISO 12614-1 Part 1: General requirements and definitions
ISO 12614-2 Part 2: Performance and general test methods
ISO 12614-3 Part 3: Check valve
ISO 12614-4 Part 4: Manual valve
ISO 12614-5 Part 5: Tank pressure gauge
ISO 12614-6 Part 6: Pressure regulator
ISO 12614-7 Part 7: Pressure relief valve
ISO 12614-8 Part 8: Excess flow valve
ISO 12614-9 Part 9: Gas-tight housing and ventilation hose
ISO 12614-10 Part 10: Rigid fuel line in stainless steel
ISO 12614-11 Part 11: Fittings
ISO 12614-12 Part 12: Rigid fuel line in copper and its alloys
ISO 12614-13 Part 13: Pressure control regulator
ISO 12614-14 Part 14: Differential pressure fuel content gauge
ISO 12614-15 Part 15: Capacitance fuel content gauge
ISO 12614-16 Part 16: Heat exchanger - vaporizer
ISO 12614-17 Part 17: Natural gas detector
ISO 12614-18 Part 18: Gas temperature sensor

ISO/DIS 12617.2 Liquefied natural gas (LNG) refuelling connector - 3.1 MPa connector

AWI 19723 -Part 1 -Safety Requiremnts
AWI 19723- Part 2 - Test Methods
WG 4
NG AS A FUEL FOR TRANSPORT SECTOR:
THE BRIDGE TO BIO-CNG AND BIO-LNG

which fuel for the future?
2) FUELS PRICE DIFFERENTIAL
voluntary standardization
mandatory standardization (Regulations)
ISO 12619-1 Part 1: General requirements and definitions
ISO 12619-2 Part 2: Performance and general test methods
ISO 12619-3 Part 3: Pressure regulator
ISO 16380- Blended Fuels refuelling connectors
Vehicles propelled by LNG - Fuel system components and refuelling connectors
chairman: Vaclav Chrz
WG 3
GASEOUS FUEL SYSTEM COMPONENTS
chairman : Diego Goldin
ISO/DIS 15500-1 Part 1: General requirements and definitions
ISO 15500-2:2012 Part 2: Performance and general test methods
ISO 15500-3:2012 Part 3: Check valve
ISO 15500-4:2012 Part 4: Manual valve
ISO 15500-5:2012 Part 5: Manual cylinder valve
ISO 15500-6:2012 Part 6: Automatic valve
ISO/DIS 15500-7 Part 7: Gas injector
ISO/DIS 15500-8 Part 8: Pressure indicator
ISO 15500-9:2012 Part 9: Pressure regulator
ISO/DIS 15500-10 Part 10: Gas-flow adjuster
ISO/DIS 15500-11 Part 11: Gas/air mixer
ISO/DIS 15500-12 Part 12: Pressure relief valve (PRV)
ISO 15500-13:2012 Part 13: Pressure relief device (PRD)
ISO 15500-14:2012 Part 14: Excess flow valve
ISO/DIS 15500-15 Part 15: Gas-tight housing and ventilation hose
ISO 15500-16:2012 Part 16: Rigid fuel line in stainless steel
ISO 15500-17:2012 Part 17: Flexible fuel line
ISO 15500-18:2012 Part 18: Filter
ISO 15500-19:2012 Part 19: Fittings
ISO/DIS 15500-20 Part 20: Rigid fuel line in material other than stainless steel

under annual revision
ISO 14469-1:2004 CNG refuelling connector -- Part 1: 20 MPa (200 bar) connector
ISO 14469-2:2007 CNG refuelling connector -- Part 2: 20 MPa (200 bar) connector, size 2
ISO 14469-3:2006 CNG refuelling connector -- Part 3: 25 MPa (250 bar) connector

additional standards
(to be revised)
Hydrogen tanks
FROM VOLUNTARY TO MANDATORY
VOLUNTARY STANDARDIZATION
MANDATORY TECHNICAL STANDARDS: TYPE APPROVAL
ISO 15501:2012 safey requirement
TYPE APPROVAL: STANDARDS & ENVIRONMENT
introduction
about NGV SYSTEM ITALY
policies on FUELS
the NG's success key factors
details about key factors with reference to the Italian experience
looking to the future


where we come from....
bus refuelling in 1953
car refuelling during the second world war
NG refuelling in 1980s
NG refuelling station in 2000s
ABOUT
FUEL'S SUCCESS KEY FACTORS
(conditio sine qua non)
1) available and affordable technology
2) fuels price differential
3) developed refuelling network
4) applicable standards and regulations
5) competence of operatives
6) environmental benefits
cng
lng
bcng
lpg
dme
H2
blng
ethanol
Hytane
blended
strategy on fuels
more than 65% of production is exported worldwide
3) well developed refuelling network
PRICE DIFFERENTIAL vs NGVs
X 100
/100
incentivies
FIRST NGVs OR FUELLING STATIONS?
X 10
X 1000
FUELLING STATIONS vs NGVs
5) COMPETENCE OF OPERATIVES
more than 3500
technicians trained
800 techicians certified
6) environmental benefits
1) available and affordable
technology
(the bridge)
BUS refuelling during the second world war
BIO METHANE
BIO-LNG
NG IS THE BRIDGE
to the introduction of CBNG & LBNG
in transport sector
product
customer
service
community
\

new engines designed for NG (and bio-NG)
CNG consumption
3.1
Kg/100 Km

(type approval combined cycle)
CO2 emissions
86
g/Km
combustion optimzed for lowest fuel consumption
ongoing improvements in electronic control and catalyst

* vehicles designed for cylinders' integration * vehicles optimized for fast fuelling operation
TODAY AVAILABLE TECHNOLOGY
new low emissions cars
* pressure regulators working on pistons system and not on membranes
* Injectors using high performance pressure and temperature sensors (10 bar working pressure)
* new valves equipped with safety device
* new control system units
proof of an affordable technology
tioan
REFUELLING NETWORK - GAS SUPPLIED - NGVs
NGVs
FUELLING STATION
WHY FUELLING STATIONS INCREASE SO SLOWLY
NGVs & FUELLING STATION RATIO
NUMBER OF NGVs ASSURING A PAY BACK TIME
ON THE HORIZON :
BIO-METANE AND BIO-LNG
NOT EXACTLY WHAT WE ARE THINKING TO ...
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