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Gilded Age

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by

Nicole Drevlow

on 11 October 2012

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Transcript of Gilded Age

The Gilded Age The "Haves" and "Have nots" The “Haves” and “Have nots” of the Gilded Age are defined as the different types of people who lived during this age. The “Haves” were the rich businessmen who made their fortunes off of the industries such as steel, oil, and other advancing industries. These men employed the immigrants and workers, who were the “Have nots.” The poor workers had to fight to earn money to support themselves and their families whereas the “Haves” were living in luxury. The main difference between the “Haves” and the “Have nots” was that the “Haves” had plenty of money and did not need to worry while the “Have nots” had little and had to struggle to survive. How did religion impact the Gilded Age? Religion had an important impact upon the Gilded Age. Shortly before this age of industrialization began, the “Third Great Awakening” took place. During this, the Protestant churches were getting involved and becoming social activists. Organizations such as the YMCA, Salvation Army, and settlement houses began to appear. These organizations continued to operate through the Gilded Age. This onslaught of religious devotion also inspired some people to enforce prohibition. How were immigrants affected during the Gilded Age? During the Gilded Age, approximately ten million immigrants traveled to the United States. A good number of these immigrants were poor farmers. Due to the mass influx of new people into the cities, parts of the population were forced to move out from the inner city, causing the birth of the “suburban” neighborhood. Along with the greater numbers of people, sanitation was poor and living spaces were cramped. Immigrants had little or no experience in working with machinery, which made adjusting to working conditions even harder. Was the United States truly diverse? Diverse, as in today’s terms, is defined as having different things mixed together. In this case, diversity would mean that different races and nationalities would mix together as one. In the Gilded Age, there was not much diversity. There were neighborhoods designated for a particular culture of people. For example, people from one culture rarely married a person that was outside of their culture. Show an example of a "robber baron" To start off, a “robber baron” was a derogatory term used for the wealthy businessman during the Gilded Age. An example of a robber baron would be Henry B. Plant. Henry Plant was a man who was the developer of railroads in Florida. In Florida he transferred the system of transporting goods by steamboat into moving them overland by train. This affected our culture because after the Civil War, many railroads had been damaged. Henry Plant was able to repair the railroads and get the supply trains operating again. What does the "Gilded Age" refer to? The term “Gilded Age” was first introduced by the authors Mark Twain and Charles Warner, who coined it with their book, The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today. The aim of the book was to explore the real Gilded Age, which they said was fraught with problems that were hidden by money. The term “Gilded Age” refers to the word “Gilded,” which means “covered with a thin layer of gold.” The idea that the real concerns of the age were hidden by gold makes the name “Gilded Age.”
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