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The History of the United States since 1877

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Jarod Roll

on 24 August 2016

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Transcript of The History of the United States since 1877

The History of the United States since 1877

HIS 106
Dr. Jarod Roll
Lectures and Discussion Sections
Books and Reading
Read the Syllabus
Teaching Assistants:
Monica Campbell
Chet Bush
Andrew Marion
Ten largest American cities in the 1870s:
1. New York City (1.2 million)
2. Philadelphia (847,000)
3. Brooklyn (566,000)
4. Chicago (503,000)
5. Boston (362,000)
6. St. Louis (350,000)
7. Baltimore (332,000)
8. Cincinnati (255,000)
9. San Francisco (233,000)
10. New Orleans (216,000)
Basic terms historians use to think about the study of the past:

(write these down)

-- history is a series of events, not a bouquet of eternal truths
a. change-over-time
b. continuity
c. always use the past tense
d. this is why dates matter (they are your friends)

key themes and terms:

Philadelphia Centennial Exposition (1876)
technological development
Alexander Graham Bell
Thomas Edison
Corliss Steam Engine ('The Giant")
President Ulysses S. Grant (elected 1868 and 1872; served, 1869-1877)
industrial capitalism
key themes and terms:

George Armstrong Custer
Little Bighorn River
Northern Pacific Railroad
free labor
Pompey's Pillar
Sitting Bull
Black Hills, South Dakota
Pullman Palace Car Company
National Reconciliation
industrial capitalism

key themes and terms:

Hamburg, South Carolina
paramilitary politics
Red Shirts -- 1876
Wade Hampton
3. contingency
-- the actual outcome was not the only potential outcome; nothing is predestined
historical empathy
-- the past is a foreign country; the people we meet there might seem similar to us, but they are not the same; try to understand them in their own context, according to the terms of their own time
Reconstruction: 1863-1877
Emancipation 1863
Presidential Reconstruction 1865-1867
Congressional Reconstruction 1867-1877

Presidential Reconstruction:

Andrew Johnson D (President, 1865-1869)

13th amendment (1865)

Black Codes

Civil Rights Act of 1866


Congressional Reconstruction:

14th amendment (1868)
: national citizenship for those born in US; no state shall abridge rights (life, liberty, pursuit of property); equal protection of laws

Military Reconstruction Act 1867

African American politics

Hiram Revels

Grant elected President 1868 and 1872

KKK Act of 1871

Civil Rights Act of 1875

Republican Party also the party of big business:

free labor ideology

western expansion

Homestead Act 1862

Pacific Railroad Act 1862

Tribal Appropriations Act 187

Panic of 1873:

Debt, bank failures


Effects of new technology (steam ships)

Overthrow of Reconstruction:

Mississippi Plan of 1875 (Lamar)

1876 Presidential Election

Rutherford Hayes, R

A little about me:

PhD, Northwestern University, 2006

Taught at University of Sussex in the UK, 2007-2013

At UM since 2013
Full transcript