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WOMENS HAIRCUTTING AND STYLING
Transcript of WOMENS HAIRCUTTING AND STYLING
than visit the local beauty salon, maybe she likes the way her husband or son's hair has been cut,or perhapss she wants a blended short taper hair cut.
In each case the barber should be willing and able to perform the request. BASIC HAIRCUTTING ONE OF THE MAIN DIFFERENCES BETWEEN
cutting women's hair and cutting mens hair;Is that
mens cuts are more angular while womens cuts may be
more rounded and soft looking. General haircutting reminders
Start with clean,conditioned hair.
Clients head position.
Pay attention to your body position.
Pay attention to your finger placement.
Take clean sections and subsections to produce more precise results.
Keep the hair moist when cutting.
Work with natural growth patterns. Use the right amount of tension when combing and holding the hair.
Comb through partings from the SCALP,not halfway down the section.
Always work with a guide or guideline,IF YOU CAN NOT SEE THE GUIDE
USE THE MIRROR TO CHECK LENGTH AND PROPORTION.IT IS ONE OF YOUR
MOST IMPORTANT TOOLS.
Plan for the shrinkage factor that results when the hair dries or when cutting wavy and curly hair.
ALWAYS CHECK AND CROSS-CHECK YOUR WORK. THE FOUR BASIC HAIRCUTS ARE:
THE BLUNT,GRADUATED,UNIFORM LAYERED AND
LONG LAYERED. THE BLUNT CUT( 0 elevation) The blunt cut is also known as a
one length cut because all the hair
ends at the same level to form a weight
line at the perimeter.The head should be
held in an upright position to avoid graduation. GRADUATED CUT (45 degrees) A graduated cut has a wedge or stacked shape that is
created by cutting with tension at low to medium elevation.
up to 45 degrees elevation.creates layers between 0 and 45. UNIFORM LAYERED CUT(90 dedrees) In a uniform layered cut,all the hair strands are cut to
the same lenght at a 90 degree projection.
Straight out from the hair growth.A traveling guide
is used on the interior sections to created layers within
the entire haircut. LONG LAYERED CUT( 180 DEGREES)
A long layered cut consist of increased layering that is achieved
by cutting the hair at a 180 degree elevation.This produces longer layers from
the top to the perimeter and begins with a stationary guide in the top section. CUTTING CURLY HAIR TEXTURES Curly hair types range from large,loose curl to tight curls.Curly hair tends to graduate naturally due to elasticity and curl of the hair.You may use less elevation when cutting curly hair. Cutting the hair parting in the TROUGH of the
wave may cause the hair ends to flip out from the
head form. Extremely short curly hair can be created by using the freehand
clipper or fingers and shear technique.When using clippers,the hair should be clean and dry.Thick,coarse hair types are easier to cut with clippers. Other Cutting Techniques In addition to the basic haircuts,there are other
techniques that can be used to create different effects
in the appearance and behavior of the hair. OVER-DIRECTION Over direction occurs when the hair is combed away
from its natural fall position.This increase length. RAZOR CUTTING
A razor cut results in softer shapes with more movements and visual
separacion than shear-cut hair ends.Generally haircuts that can be accomplished
with shears can also be performed with a razor. TEXTURIZING
Texturizing techniques can be used to removed excess bulk,
add volume,create movement, or create wispy ans spiky effects.
Texturizing techniques are; POINT CUTTING
Is performed at the ends of the hair using the tips of the
shears at an angle . NOTCHING
Notching creates a chunkier effect than point cutting
and is produce by positioning the shears a flatter angle
to the ends of the hair.it is also accomplished with the tips of the
Is the process of thinning the hair to graduated lengths
with the shears,wich produces volume and movement.
The blades will be partially opened. SLICING
Also removes bulk and adds movement in the hair.
The blades are kept open,and only the portion of the
blade near the pivot is used for cutting. CARVING
Is a version of slicing that creates separation in the hair.
The shears are moved troughout the hair with an open and clossing
movement that carves out sections of hair. The first step in the hairstyling process is the
CLIENT CONSULTATION. TERMINOLOGY AND TECHNIQUES IN WOMENS HAIRSTYLING WET HAIR STYLING
I s accomplished through the processes of FINGER WAVING.
PIN CURLS, HAIR WRAPPING AND ROLLER SETS. FINGER WAVING ;Is the process of shaping and directing
the hair into an S -Shaped pattern using your fingers,comb and setting lotion. PIN CURLS:Are wound from the hair ends into a spiral that
creates a flattened curl formation against the head.it is secured with a hair clip. ROLLER SETS
Are performed with rollers.Plastic rollers are used for most
roller sets.Hot rollers and velcro rollers are used on dry hair only. Hair Wrapping and hair molding; Are styling methods that use the client's head as a form or tool. Blow-dry styling is accomplished with a blow-dryer,brush
and styling products.Blow-dry styling also prepares the hair for thermal iron curling techniques. Natural dry styling usually requires minimal manipulation
of the hair.Once the hair is towel dried,it may be combed into place
or arranged in a freeform style with the hands and fingers. THERMAL STYLING
Includes thermal waving and thermal hair straightening.Heated tools are used to wave,curl, or straighten the hair. THERMAL WAVING
The barrel size of the iron determines the size of the wave or curl.
The projection of the hair from the scalp will determine where the curl sits in relation to its base and also determines the volume. THE PARTS OF A CURL ARE THE BASE,STEM AND CIRCLE OR CURL. The base is the foundation of the curl on which the barrel or roller is placed.
The stem is the hair between the scalp and the first arc of the circle.it gives the hair direction and mobility.
The circle forms the curl as the hair is wrapped around the barrel or roller. There are 3 kinds of bases used in thermal and roller setting.
THey are ON BASE; HALF OFF-BASE. and off-base. HAIR PRESSING
Temporarily straightens extremely curly hair by using heated pressing combs or iron. Pressings last until the next shampoo,although high humidity and other weather conditions can cause the hair to partially revert to its natural condition. The back of the pressing comb does the actual
straightening. A soft press removes 50 to 60 % of the curl..accomplished by applying the pressing comb once to each side of the hair section. The medium press removes 60 to 75% of the curl.
Same as the soft press but with a little more pressure.
A hard press removes 100% of the curl.
apply the comb two times on each side of the hair section.