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Elements of Literature
Transcript of Elements of Literature
A person, animal or thing that takes part in the
action of a story.
Protagonist: "good guy"
Antagonist: "bad guy"
Who is the story about? Who is interacting in the story?
Elements of a character:
Appearance- looks, clothing, etc.
Personality- the way the character acts
Background- what are the characters past experiences
Motivation- Why does the character do what he/she does? What do they like/dislike? Goals, dream, needs?
Relationships- Who is the character related to? How does the character relate to others in the story?
Change- How does the character change, learn or grow during the story?
The time and place in which a story takes place.
One story may have several different settings that change throughout.
When and where does a story take place?
Example: A warm, summer afternoon, at Raging Waves water park.
Does the story occur in modern times, in the future or in ancient times?
What time of day is the story taking place?
What are the weather conditions like during the story?
What season is the story taking place in?
Does the story take place in an urban or rural area?
Questions to ask yourself:
How would you describe this setting?
Point of View
The sequence of related events that make up the story.
The plot answers the question of "what happened" in the story.
It is how the author arranges events to develop the basic idea of the story.
The plot is a planned, logical series of events having a beginning, middle and end.
Who can remember the plot of "The Three Little Pigs"?
This is the struggle/problem between characters or opposing forces in the story.
Four kinds of conflict:
Person vs. Person
Person vs. Nature/circumstances
Person vs. Society
Person vs. Self
Two Types of conflict:
- the character struggles with an
forece; another character.
- the character struggles with his or her own needs or emotions/
their mind; the character must make some decision, overcome pain, quiet a temper, resist and urge, etc. (Person vs. Self)
The most important or exciting part in the story.
of interest and suspense; the turning point in the story.
Example: Lion King- when Simba and Scar battle.
This is the
of the plot, when the characters' problems are solved. At this point, the conflict has ended/
and the outcome of the conflict is revealed.
Toy Story: When Woody and Buzz take off in the rocket and glide into Andy's Mom's car. They both get to ride with Andy to the new house and celebrate Christmas together.
The main idea or underlying meaning of a text. Theme is the author's central message or insight into life.
More than "what is the story about". It is what the story means.
The big idea that stretches across the entire length of the story.
Beauty and the Beast: Beauty extends beyond appearance (inner beauty).
The little Engine that Could: Never give up!
The perspective from which the story is told. Two main points of view are:
The narrator is one of the characters and uses pronouns (
I, me, we, our
) when telling the story.
The reader sees the story through this person's eyes as he/she experiences it and only truly knows what he/she knows and feels.
The narrator is someone outside of the story who tells what happens. Pronouns such as,
This is a more objective view of what is happening in the story, without any bias.