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Polyester Staple Fiber Production process. Cissco Machinery Co.,

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Maria Margatita Contreras

on 10 June 2013

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Transcript of Polyester Staple Fiber Production process. Cissco Machinery Co.,

POLYESTER STAPLE FIBER PRODUCTION PROCESS
CissCo Machinery Co., HOW ... Turning unwanted
waste into useful fiber PSF (POLYESTER STAPLE FIBER ) POLYESTER STAPLE FIBER PRODUCTION LINE AT CISSCO MACHINERY CO., 2. RECYCLED POLYESTER STAPLE FIBER PROCESS 1.1 MEG (monoethylene glycol ) 1.2 PTA (purified terephthalic acid ) 1.3 Waste Materials (PET bottle flakes) 1. RAW MATERIALS The Process of our Machinery PET Bottle Compressed PET Bottle PET Staple fiber (Hollow-type) PET Bottle flake
or chip PET Staple fiber
(Cotton-type) Feeding Machine Cyclic Quenching Winding Metering Pump Screw Extruder Vacuum Dryer Spinning Line Process Silo Filter Spinning Beam Oiling PET bottle flakes are left on the vacuum dryer for at least 8 hrs to reach the texture and required quality. PET Bottles flakes are then conducted to the Extruder which is in charge of the melting process. The metering pump discharges an accurate quantity
(polymer) per revolution (to control the Denier of the fiber through a pack that has sand or stainless steel particles as filter media and a spinneret which could be circular or rectangular and will have a specific number of holes) Polymer comes out of each hole of the spinnerette and is instantly solidified by the flow of cold air. This process is called quenching The filaments from each spinnerette are collected together to form a small ribbon , passed over a wheel which rotates in a bath of spin finish : and this ribbon is then mixed with ribbon coming from other spinnerette positions, this combined ribbon is a tow and in cans. The material is called undrawn TOW and has no textile properties. In the next
process ... Cutter Tension Machine Delivering cotton device 2nd Drafter
and 3rd Drafter: Water bath drafting bath Traversed machine Post- spinning line process
or Drawing line The material is put together in several cans. From each can the material is collected in the form of a sheet. At this stage the material , now a sheet is passed through a trough of hot water to raise the temperature , so it can be drawn. In the next two zones the material is drawn approx 4 times and the actual draw or the pull takes place either in the steam chamber or in the hot water trough.

After the drawing is complete, each filament has the required denier, and has all its sub microscopic chains aligned parallel to the fiber axis, thereby improving the crystallinity of the fiber structure and imparting certain strength. This step is to set the strength by annealing the filaments by passing them under tension on several steam heated cylinders at temperatures 180 to 220 degrees C. Crimper The crimping process which takes place in the suffer box proceeds smoothy and the crimps have a good stability. The cutter is a reel having slots at intervals equal to the cut length desired 32 or 38 or 44 or 51 mm. The tow is wound on a cuttler reel, at one side of the reel is a presser wheel which presses the tow on to the blades and the tow is cut. The cut fibers falls down by gravity and is usually partially opened by several air jets and finally the fiber is baled. Baler Some balers have a pre weighting arrangements which enables the baler to produce all bales of a pre determined weight Cycloid machine
Tower spreader
Relaxing heat setting machine Polyester staple fiber is a material produced from synthetic chemical compounds with a variety of uses in the textile, automotive and furniture industries. The phrase "staple fiber" often refers to a kind of natural fiber such as cotton or wool, which can be twisted to form yarn. Product type Cotton-type Product Specification Size
6D & 15D Length (mm)
= 64 mm Color
Various Application Automotive Industry Filtration and Separation Industry Other Non Owen Application Application Bedding Product Type Hollow-Type Product Specification Size
7D & 15D Length (mm)
32 & 64 Others
Silicon and
Non silicon Sofa Toys 1.1 MEG (monoethylene glycol )
1.2 PTA (purified terephthalic acid )
1.3 Waste Materials (PET bottle flakes)
1.4 Weighted-average purchase prices for MEG, PTA. 2. POLYESTER FIBER MANUFACTURING PROCESS 3. PSF PRODUCTION LINE AT CissCo Machinery Co., 4. FINAL PRODUCT APPLICATION 3.1 Our Process CONTENTS 1. RAW MATERIALS 1.4 Weighted-average purchase prices for MEG, PTA
In China. 1.4.1. Weighted-average purchase prices for MEG, PTA.
Worldwide 3. PSF PRODUCTION LINE AT CISSCO MACHINERY CO., 3. PSF PRODUCTION LINE AT
CISSCO MACHINERY CO., Polyester staple Market Polyester staple fiber is a differentiated product By Luster By Finish By Denier By Tenacity By Inch Meltphase Bright, super withe,
semi dull. Customized From 0.9 to 20.0 3.3 to 7.5 grams
per
Denier .85 in to 4.o in Drying Drum Hopper Screw extruder Filter Metering pump Spem beam Quenching Quenching rollers Creel
Trversed machine Relaxing heat setting line 1st drawing
bath roller Steam heating beam Tow stacker Crimper Baler Tower spreader Cutter Polyester Staple Fibre (PSF) is kind of Polyester Fiber widely used in spinning non-woven. Types of PSF are 100% Virgin PSF, Recycled PSF, Semi Dull, Bright, Hollow Conjugated Siliconized (HCS), Slick, Optical White Dope Dyed PSF. Creel guide 1st Stretching
7 rollers 2nd Stretching
7 rollers 2nd drawing
bath roller 3rd drafter THANK YOU !!! PSF average prices for Jan-Jun in 2009-2013
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