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Othello

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by

Jocelyn Ortega

on 10 October 2014

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Transcript of Othello

Jealousy , Revenge, and Faithfulness
Why is it famous?


•Othello is famous because it explored jealousy and suspicion.

•Othello was the
earliest work that dealt with racism

• had a prominent black protagonist



•controversy over the treatment of race and sexuality.





Has there been more than one version of Othello?



•There has been more than one version of Othello.
Each version that has been written has been revised.







•controversy over a black man kissing a white woman therefore used blackface


•In an interview with one of the actors who played Othello, he stated that a challenge was traveling to the darker side of the character.




Othello was usually played by a white actor therefore the director had the actor use blackface.
Othello is a Moorish general of Venice. Othello promotes Cassio as his lieutenant and Iago, who was hoping to be chosen, plots revenge against Othello and Cassio. Iago was jealous of Othello’s success and envied Cassio. Iago uses Othello’s wife, Desdemona, to seek revenge.
British History 1550-1650
What was going on in British during the time just before, during, and just after Shakespeare lived?
-During 1590-1610 many riots occurred over land and in closed properties
Who were the rulers?
-Six years before Shakespeare was born Elizabeth I attained the british throne (1558-1603)
-King James I (1603-1625)
How did the people live?
-Life span on average was 30 years
-For months, people would go without baths and washing their bodies.
-Living in towns and villages where garbage and sewage were routinely dunped out doors and windows and into the streets
-Most men were blacksmiths , silversmiths, and leather workers.
-Women worked from home cleaning and doing chores
-British defeated Philip II's Spanish Armada (1588)
-Thirty Years' War (1618-1648)
-English Civil War (1603-1625)
St. Augustine Florida settled by Spanish first European Colony settled (1565)
Jamestown becomes first English settlement (1607)
House of Burgesses is built (1619)
First African slaves are brought to Jamestown (1619)
The Mayflower Compact in brought by pilgrims (1620)
Asia
Spread of Islam
Tobacco introduced in China
Christianity spread to Japan
Japan was united after civil war
China had a formidable power in every sense; economical, military, cultural, and technological
South America
Slaves arrive in Brazil (1550)
Smallpox reaches Brazil's east coast (1555)
Inca leader, Tupac Amaru, is beheaded (1571)
Buenos-Aires is reestablished (1580)
Smallpox outbreaks in Brazil (1613)
Dutch explorer, Schouten, sails cape horn (1616)
Dutch troop, Pernambuco, conquers Brazil (1621)
Earthquake hits Santiago (1647)
Africa
Begins Slave Trade (1559)
Fall of Songhai Empire (1591)
Spread of Islam (1592)
Australia
Willem Janszoon is first European to find Australia (1606)
Australia is mapped out by Abel Tasman (1642)

Sampson, Taylor. World History 1550-1650. N.p.: November 4, 2013. 1-9. Web. 2 Oct. 2014


North America
Othello
What was the political atmosphere ?
The political atmosphere was one of confusion, conflict, and control.
Confusion
- confusion on two main religions, Protestants and Catholics
- The King and Queen of England dictated their preferred religion
Beck, Roger B., Linda Black, Larry S. Krieger, Philip C. Naylor, and Dahia I. Shabaka. Modern World History. Illinois: McDougal Littell, 2009. 152-209. Print.
- The constant change caused great political conflict because as the ruler changed the religion, the laws of society had to change in order to reflect the beliefs of the ruler


"4 Shakespeare Controversies." The Week. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Oct. 2014.

Beck, Roger B., Linda Black, Larry S. Krieger, Philip C. Naylor, and Dahia I. Shabaka. Modern World History. Illinois: McDougal Littell, 2009. 152-209. Print.

Bevington, David. "Othello (work by Shakespeare)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 09 Oct. 2014.

PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 09 Oct. 2014.

Shmoop Editorial Team. "Othello." Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 07 Oct. 2014.

"What Inspired Shakespeare?" What Inspired Shakespeare? N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Oct. 2014.

"William Shakespeare." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 10 July 2014. Web. 07 Oct. 2014.

"World Book Online Reference Center | Online Reference Book| Online Encyclopedia." World Book. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Oct. 2014.




Works Citied
- Many riots occurred during the religious clash
Conflict
- Elizabeth created conflict with Parliament, as she did not always agree with her decisions
- Her ruling also created tension and conflict with other country's
Control
- Queen Elizabeth, as a ruler of that time, held supreme power according to the law
- The ruler of England could never do wrong; this made it hard to take action against rules set by the Queen
- The economy of England prospered creating wealth for the people
- Queen Elizabeth had the power to impose torturous punishments and strict laws
What were the people concerned about?
The people were concerned about having a short life span, riots, and the Spanish Armada
Short life span
- lack of medical knowledge
- the bubonic plague spread rapidly
Blackface is the makeup used by a white actor playing a black role.
- many people worried about who would be infected
- Many wars were breaking out
Riots

Difficulties
About Othello
Controversies
- During the 1550-1610 many riots occurred over the land and in closed property
- Kett's rebellion which had about 16,000 participants
Spanish Armada
- 1588 the Armadas task was to overthrow England
- many problems occurred in England before the Armadas attacked
- The Spanish Armada lost against England, which cost them a great amount of money
On the Stage
The first African American to play
Othello was
Paul Robeson
Shakespeare's Influences
Plutarch and Geoffrey Chaucer were influences on Shakespeare
Shakespeare’s personal life

Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon and was baptised there on April 26, 1564
At age 18, he married Anne Hathaway who was 26 years old and pregnant
Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616 at the age of 52
Important events
1593- London Theaters close due to the Bubonic plague (The Black Death).
-Shakespeare begins writing the Sonnets which were probably completed around 1597
1596- The company of actors moved to the Swan Theater on Bankside when London’s authorities ban the public presentations of the play within city limits of London
Professional life
By 1592 William Shakespeare was working as an actor and a playwright in London
By the early 1590’s Shakespeare was managing in King’s Men an acting Company in London
By 1597, 15 of the 37 plays written by William Shakespeare were published
Shakespeare used a metrical pattern consisting of lines of unrhymed iambic pentameter to compose his plays
With the exception of Romeo and Juliet, William Shakespeare's first plays were mostly histories written in the early 1590s.
It was in William Shakespeare's later period, after 1600, that he wrote the tragedies Hamlet, King Lear, Othello and Macbeth. In these, Shakespeare's characters present vivid impressions of human temperament that are timeless and universal. In his final period he wrote several tragicomedies
Controversy in Life
Two Oxford University professors, Emma Smith and Laurie Maguire believe that shakespeare did not write All’s Well That Ends Well by himself they studied the language, rhythm, and style and found that there is evidence of Thomas Middleton’s writing.
It is also believed that Shakespeare did not write all his plays
Few details of Shakespeare's sexuality are known. Some of Shakespeare's sonnets are autobiographical and there is evidence of his love for a young man.
By: Jocelyn Rivera, Amy Navarro, Danae Rodriguez Alexis Medina, Gabby Castro, Daniela Ramirez and Jocelyn Ortega
Full transcript