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The Death Penalty

Social justice: society or instution that is based upon the priniples of equalit and solidarity.

elhadj barry

on 27 May 2011

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Transcript of The Death Penalty

The Death Penalty Description Of The Topic society or institution that is based upon the principles of equality and solidarty.
When a person cause a very horrendous crime most people think they should pay for that with there lifes. The Deadline Documentary Can The Death penalty Save Lives? Race In The Death Penalty Race as an issue was first rised in 1986 during the superme court of kentucky vs. Baston fewer than 40% of Georgia homoicid caes invloe the white race. In some case they could turn out to be more likely then an black-victim •When the race of the defendant is added to the analysis, the following pattern appears: 22% of black defendants who kill white victims are sentenced to death; 8% of white defendants who kill white victims are sentenced to death; 1% of black defendants who kill black victims are sentenced to death; and 3% of white defendants who kill black victims are sentenced to death. The deadline is a movie that is basically about the lives of inmates on death row. like Lawrence Hayes. He was arrested for “acting in concert? at a murder scene of a policeman. Hayes was sentenced to death, and was one of the five New York State death row inmates awaiting execution at the time of the Supreme Court’s 1972 Furman vs. Georgia decision abolished the death penalty. His sentence was commuted to life with parole. Hayes was paroled in 1991. Does the Death penalty Reduce Crimes ? Police chiefs ranked the death penalty as least effective among 7 methods of reducing the homicide rate. 31% viewed reducing the usage of drugs as the most effective; 17% with a better economy and more jobs, 16% by simplifying court rules; 15% with longer prison sentences.....1% by expanding the use of the death penalty. A study by Isaac Ehrlich which found that the murder rate responded to changes in the likelihood of execution. He concluded that 7 or 8 murders were prevented by each execution from 1933 to 1967. Nationally, the racial composition of those on death row is 45% white, 42% black, and 10% Latino / Latina.

States with more than 10 people on death row, Texas (70%) and Pennsylvania (69%) have the largest percentage of minorities on death row.

Year 2000 census data revealed that the racial composition of the United States was 75.1% white, 12.3% black and 12.5% Latino/Latina.

While these statistics might suggest that minorities are overrepresented on death row, the same statistical studies that have found evidence of race of victim effects in capital sentencing have not conclusively found evidence of similar race of defendant effects.

In fact, while some studies show that the race of the defendant is correlated with death sentences, no researcher has made definitive findings that the death sentence is being imposed on defendants on account of their race, per se, independently of other variables (such as type of crime) which are correlated with defendants' race. Whenever and wherever capital punishment is authorized by law, the decision whether or not to seek a death sentence in particular cases is left to the discretion of the prosecutor. A 1998 examination of Chief District Attorneys in states with the death penalty found that nearly 98% are white, 1% are black, and 1% are Hispanic. About 12 current reports indicate each time a convicted murderer is executed, between 3-18 homicides do not occur.

Some research indicates that capital punishment deters more murders in states that frequently and relatively utilize the death penalty such as Texas. * * * Mental Illness On Death row Mental illness is defined as "Any of various conditions characterized by impairment of an individual's normal cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning, and caused by social, psychological, biochemical, genetic, or other factors, such as infection or head trauma."

Since 1983, over 60 people with mental illness or retardation have been executed in the United States.

It is conservatively estimated that 5-10% of death row inmates suffer from serious mental illness.

Research has shown that nearly all Death Row inmates suffer from brain damage due to illness or trauma, while a vast number have also experienced histories of severe physical and/or sexual abuse.

Mental illness is not only a problem on Death Row. In 1998, the Bureau of Justice Statistics estimated that 283,000 mentally ill individuals were incarcerated in U.S. jails and prisons.

Legislation has been passed barring the execution of juvenile or mentally retarded individuals. While it is unconstitutional to execute the insane, those suffering from other or lesser mental illnesses are insufficiently protected under the law. * * * * * * Panetti v. Quarterman

Scott Panetti was scheduled to be executed on February 5, 2004 in Texas, but he was granted a 60-day stay on February 4, 2004.

On January 5, 2007 the Supreme Court granted certiorari in his case.

The Supreme Court ruled (5-4) on June 28, 2007, that Panetti deserves a rehearing on his claim of mental incompetence. The Court said the Fifth Circuit had used an overly restrictive definition of what constitutes insanity. The Court also said that the Texas state court failed to provide Panetti with the kind of review guaranteed under the Constitution for claims of mental incompetence. we are not for the death penalty we find that one it is a waste of money two takeing another person`s life does not help, all it does is add to the cycle of death in which no one wins. The Death Penalty Sentencing The length of time prisoners spend on death row in the United States before their executions has recently emerged as a topic of interest in the debate about the death penalty. The discussion increased around the execution of Michael Ross, a Connecticut inmate who had been on death row for 17 years, and has been spurred by the writings of two Supreme Court Justices who have urged the Court to consider this issue.

Death row inmates in the U.S. typically spend over a decade awaiting execution. Some prisoners have been on death row for well over 20 years.

During this time, they are generally isolated from other prisoners, excluded from prison educational and employment programs, and sharply restricted in terms of visitation and exercise, spending as much as 23 hours a day alone in their cells.

This raises the question of whether death row prisoners are receiving two distinct punishments: the death sentence itself, and the years of living in conditions tantamount to solitary confinement – a severe form of punishment that may be used only for very limited periods for general-population prisoners.

Moreover, unlike general-population prisoners, even in solitary confinement, death-row inmates live in a state of constant uncertainty over when they will be executed. For some death row inmates, this isolation and anxiety results in a sharp deterioration in their mental status. this video is about the death penalty and how it is used in our country. These two people are running for governor at this momment they are talking about the death penalty and how they will use it once they become governor the candidate jerry brown is not for the death penalty http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2J5gcbib2hw In short the death Penalty is not right it is something that should not be it should have been abolished a long time ago. Thank you all for listing History The Death Penalty When the constitution was written, the time between sentencing and execution could be measured in days or weeks. A century later, the Supreme Court noted that long delays between sentencing and execution, compounded by a prisoner’s uncertainty over time of execution, could be agonizing, resulting in “horrible feelings” and “immense mental anxiety amounting to a great increase in the offender’s punishment.” (In re Medley, 1890, as cited in Foster v. Florida, 2002).

But in the wake of the Supreme Court-mandated suspension of the death penalty from 1972 to 1976, numerous reforms have been introduced to create a less arbitrary system. This has resulted in lengthier appeals, as mandatory sentencing reviews have become the norm, and continual changes in laws and technology have necessitated reexamination of individual sentences.

Death-penalty proponents and opponents alike say such careful review is imperative when the stakes are life and death. “People are adamant . . . that every avenue should be exhausted to make sure there is no chance (the condemned) are not guilty,” former Georgia Attorney General Mike Bowers said in 2001. “The surer you are, the slower you move.” (Atlanta Constitution, October 27, 2001).

The years it takes to carry out a death sentence exact a huge toll – on taxpayers, victims’ families and inmates themselves. Yet without thorough appeals, mistakes in death penalty cases would be missed. Inmates On Death Row CHARACTERISTICS OF DEATH ROW INMATES
The following information is taken from the Bureau of Justice Statistics: Capital Punishment and is the statistical data of the death row population for 12/31/09.

56.1% of the death row population is White, 41.5% is Black and 2.4% is of another race.

Men on death row make up 98.1%, while women make up 1.9%

The median education level of death row inmates is 12th grade.

Of death row inmates, 54.7% have never married, 20.5% are divorced or separated, 21.9% are currently married and 2.8% are widowed.

8.6% of inmates had a prior homicide conviction.

65.7% had prior felony convictions.

Among all inmates under sentence of death, half were age 20 to 29 at the time of arrest; 11% were age 19 or younger; and fewer than 1% were age 55 or older.

The average age at time of arrest was 28 years.

As of 12/31/09, 29.1% of all inmates were age 30 to 39, and 51% were age 25 to 44. 1.2% of inmates are under the age of 25, and 2.6% are older than 65.

7,773 people have been sentenced to death from 1977 until 2009.
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