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Celiac Disease and Gluten Free Diets
Transcript of Celiac Disease and Gluten Free Diets
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Some gluten-free foods can be packed with sugar, fat, and salt
Not as accessible and convenient
Often lower in fiber than wheat products Gluten-Free Diets Celiac Disease
and Gluten Free Diets "Limited Availability and Higher Cost of Gluten Free Food" Limited availability of gluten-free food
-8.2 (48%) in quality super markets
-1.8 (9%) in budget markets
-1.8 (9%) in corner shops
Regular supermarkets and health food shops had more gluten-free varieties (bread, cereal, flour)
The gluten-free products were generally more expensive -More diagnosed, more gluten-free products
compliance Abby Mesko Symptoms include: Celiac Disease Celiac Sprue or gluten intolerance
Immune system reacts to gluten by attacking small intestine lining
Villi becomes damaged
Many unknowingly have this Normal small intestine with villi Celiac disease small intestine with flattened villi
(scalloped folds) Testing Biopsy to confirm diagnosis
Blood test for high levels of certain autoantibodies
-usually innaccurate 80% of the time Celiac Normal stomach pain
change in mood
weight loss (malnutrition/lack of nutrition absorption)
itchy skin rash with blisters
slowed growth Over time: anemia
certain types of intestinal cancers
hypoglycemia Based on avoiding foods with gluten
-including wheat, barley, spelt, rye, and for some, oats
Diet can include:
-fruits, vegetables, meat and fish, nuts and seeds
Gluten typically hides in:
-breads, cereals, crackers, pasta, baked goods, processed meat (cold cuts), soy sauce, sauces, marinades, seitan, packaged broth, makeup, and modified cornstarch Grains to Know Teff
Millet J. Singh and K. Whelan
King's College London, Diabetes and Nutritional Sciences Division, London, UK 20 gluten-free foods at 30 different stores
quality supermarkets, regular supermarkets, budget supermarkets, health food shops, and corner shops
10 wheat-based foods:
bread loaf, bread rolls, flaked breakfast cereal, pasta, plain flour, cream crackers, sweet biscuits, fruit pies, pizza base, whole cake
10 foods containing gluten
stock cubes, gravy granules, barbecue sauce, brown sauce, soy sauce, frozen beef burgers, frozen sausages, frozen chicken sauce meal, fish fingers, shepherd’s pie Coliac + Gluten Free Sources from "Journal Of Human Nutrition & Dietetics" Dugdale, D. C.. (January 2010). Celiac Disease. In Pubmed Health. Retrieved January 20, 2013, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001280/.
Rubio-Tapia A, Ludvigsson JF, Brantner TL, Murray JA, Everhart JE. (2012). Celiac Disease Awareness Campaign of the National Institutes of Health. In Welcome to the National Institutes of Health (NIH)Celiac Disease Awareness Campaign. Retrieved January 20, 2013, from http://celiac.nih.gov/.
Singh, J. J., & Whelan, K. K. (2011). Limited availability and higher cost of gluten-free foods. Journal Of Human Nutrition & Dietetics, 24(5), 479-486. doi:10.1111/j.1365-277X.2011.01160.x
Stenson, W.F. (March 2011). What I need to know about Coliac Disease. In National Digestive DiseasesInformation Clearinghouse (NDDIC). Retrieved January 20, 2013, from http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/celiac_ez/index.aspx.