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Phobias

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by

Leah Satnik

on 18 May 2015

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Transcript of Phobias

Works Cited
-The fear of being buried alive
Taphophobia
Case File
The first written reference was in the works of an ancient physician, Hippocrates.
Celsus, a roman doctor, created the term "phobia."
About 100 years ago phobias were ignored or misunderstood as some kind of craziness.
In 1947 phobias became a separate diagnostic category.
In the 1960's phobias were divided into three categories: Agoraphobia, social phobia and specific phobia.
History
Symptoms & Diagnosis
Symptoms
Anaesth, Br J. "Needle Phobia A Psychological Perspective."
Needle Phobia A Psychological Perspective. Medscape, 2014. Web. 11 May 2015.

Jacob.
FearOf.net.
"Fear of Being Buried Alive". n.d. Web. 9 May 2015.

Medical News Today.
MediLexicon International,
n.d. Web. 18 May 2015.

Nordqvist, Christian.
What Is a Phobia? What Causes Phobia?
MNT, 11 Sept. 2014. Web. 6 May 2015.

Psychiatry.org. "Phobias".
n.d. Web. 14 May 2015

Name: Arya L. Jarvis
Phobia: Trypanophobia - the extreme fear of needles and ejections
History: Was held down and restrained as a child for injections and vaccines and now has formed a link between distress and needles. Loses complete control of her own body due to "fight or flight"
response and has injured several
nurses and doctors in panic. Classified
as associative and resistive levels of
the phobia.
Arachnophobia- fear of spiders
Ophidiophobia- fear of snakes
Acrophobia- fear of heights
Agoraphobia- fear of crowds or open spaces
Cynophobia- fear of dogs
Astraphobia- fear of lightning and thunder
Claustrophobia- fear of confined spaces


Most Common Phobias
Timeline
According to the British Journal of Anesthesia, there are several options she could use to overcome her fear.
Pain reducers- used if patient is afraid or very sensitive to pain
Anxiety Reducers- similar to sedatives, but only relieve anxiety
Sedation- can cause even more distrust and is not recommended in most cases for this reason
Desensitization- therapy that acclimates the patient to their phobia
Treatment
By Leah Satnik,
Jayme Myers,
and Katelynn Bacon

Panic or intense fear
Extreme avoidance
Feeling dread, horror, or terror
Automatic and uncontrollable reactions
Racing heartbeat
Shortened breaths
Overwhelming desire to flee the scene
Diagnosis
Cognitive behavior therapy
Medication (anti-anxiety, antidepressant)
In 1960 social phobia was separated from other phobias.
Up until 1985, research on phobias was lacking leading some to refer to it as the "neglected anxiety disorder."
From 1995 to present day, four medications have been found to treat social phobias.
A phobia is an irrational fear that causes extreme panic, distress, and anxiety. The phobia can be of an animal, person, place, or situation. Phobias are most common kind of anxiety disorder. Over 50 million people in the USA live with a phobia. They can affect people regardless of age, sex, and social status.
Phobias
Phobias
Phobias
In the early 1900s, psychiatrists used terms like social phobia and phobia neurosis to refer to extremely shy people.
This was very common around the 18th and 19th centuries.
It is known that George Washington and Edgar Allen Po both had Taphophobia.
As a result of this fear, many safety coffins were invented to help people stay alive and/or alert others so they could be rescued.
It is rumor that the phrase "saved by the bell" came from certain safety coffins made with a bell.
Full transcript