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Transcript of Greek Theater
Greek theater existed throughout 500 - 400 B.C. This type of theater was very creative in the fields of architecture and government. Greek theater was all about the biggest tragedies of all time. All of the plays throughout this time period were preformed outside.
History of Greek Theater
Most of this time period, the stage was mainly a huge circle of hard-packed ground. Later on, the stage began to look like the amphitheaters we have now in days. The maximum occupancy for these amphitheaters was 20,000 persons.
There is a common belief that women weren't aloud to attend the plays, but that is not true. Families would go to watch plays together. The audience sat in the "
" meaning the seeing place. However, the only
were men. They would often get furious when they had to play female roles.
The Orchestra was known as the acting area. There were three doors through which the actors entered and exited. To the right and left between the skene and the orchestra there was a wide passageway called the Parodos. This was used fot the chorus to enter and exit the orchestra. Next, there was a platform called the proskenion that was made for the actors. Each side of the proskenion had two wings called paraskenia.
The greek tragic actors customarily wore masks, padded costumes,
and bootswith thick soles. Comic actors typically wore rather grotesque masks costumes with exaggerated padding, and a type of sandal called a sock.
A couple of famous plays in Greek theater are saint plays which are based on the legends of saints. Another is Mystery plays which are based on biblical history. The last one is the Passion play which addresses the last week of christs life, is a well-known liturgical drama performed for the Easter service.
Three main genres were comedy, satyr, and most importantly tragedy. Tragedy was used so often because it was able to pull the audience in and get them intrigued.
was commonly used because it was a rotating triangular object that helped to switch scenes in the plays. A lifting machine known as God "from the machine", or Dues ex Machina, was used during a plot twist or turning point in the play.