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Vasco Nunez de Balboa discovery of the Pacific Ocean

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Michelle Tang

on 27 March 2011

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Transcript of Vasco Nunez de Balboa discovery of the Pacific Ocean

Vasco Nunez de Balboa Basic Information Early Life/Family Background Famous as the first European to see the Pacific Ocean from its eastern shore after crossing the Isthmus of Panama overland in 1513 Vasco Nunez de Balboa was born in 1475 in Jerez de los Caballeros, Spain and was the third of the four boys in his family. Unlike any other famous explorers, he grew up in a poor spanish family without proper education. At a very young age, he had to skip school and served as a page and squire for Don Pedro de Portocarrero, lord of Moguer. Inspiration of exploring Balboa was mainly influenced by his master-Christopher Columbus’ voyages to America. At that time, he was totally attracted by the opportunity of wealth and fame over the New World(America). On the other hand, he also wanted to impress the King of Spain. Nationality - Spanish
Lifespan - 1475 - 1519
Family Background- Poor Spanish family
Education - Uneducated
Career - Spanish Conquistador and Explorer

Early Career At the age of 26, he first joined an expedition to South America with Juan de la Cosa on Rodrigo de Bastidas. Throughout this expedition, they explored the northern coast which is Columbia nowadays, however because of the lack of food and supplies, they were forced to end the expedition. In 1509, there were another expedition, unfortunately Balboa was very poor at that time and even owning other’s money. So in order to keep Balboa from escaping, that man wouldn’t let him go on this expedition. Problems & solutions Facing this problem, his only solution was to escape. After reaching the mainland, he found out that Spaniards had already abandoned the expedition because of the dangerous Indians and the lack of food. Therefore, he adviced them to move to the Western side of Gulf instead because it’s safer there and so the Spanish established a country called Darien there. Leading expeditions to Panama while conquering some of the Indians. In 1511, he was told by the Indians about the sea on the other side which is the Pacific Ocean. However knowing his claim to the governorship of Dari, and the king didn’t approve, so he had to do something to impress the king and win his approval. Route of expedition Therefore during September 1513, Balboa led a expedition of about 90 Spanishs and some Indians to explore the Ocean that the Indiands told him about. After a few weeks, he found out that he could see the ocean from the nearby mountain. So without his men, he climbed up the peak and at there he was able to see the Pacific Ocean. Discoveries Not long after they discovered the Pacific Ocean, Balboa and his men found gold and pearls which Balboa was aiming for. Most importantly, he was the first explorer to discover the Pacific Ocean. Effects Environmental-Discovering new land and collecting different species back to Spain.

Economics-The wealth and fame that Balboa discovered in the Pacific Ocean had a big impact on the economics in Spain during the 1500s. Might as well affect our economics today.

Social-By communicating with the Indians and having agreements with them.

Political-Improve relationship between Spain and South America because of the new discovery. In conclusion, I think it’s very important that Balboa discovered the Pacific Ocean. Without his discovery, we might not know there’s another ocean on the other side of America. In view of the natural resources in Pacific Ocean, it had a great impact during that time and might also affect us nowadays. Evaluation Bibliography Elizabethan Era.(n.d.).Vasco Nunez de Balboa.Retrieved March 23, 2011, fromhttp://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/vasco-nunez-de-balboa.htm

Wikipedia.(March 2011).Vasco Núñez de Balboa. Retrieved March 16, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vasco_N%C3%BA%C3%B1ez_de_Balboa

Enchanted Learning.(2011).Vasco Nunez de Balboa: Spanish Conquistador and Explorer. Retrieved March 16, 2011, from http://www.enchantedlearning.com/explorers/page/b/balboa.shtml

Christopher Minster.(n.d.).Biography of Vasco Nuñez de Balboa. Retrieved March 21, 2011, from http://latinamericanhistory.about.com/od/historyofcentralamerica/a/09VNBalboa.htm

coloquio, inc.(2006).Vasco Núñez de Balboa. Retrieved March 16, from http://coloquio.com/famosos/balboa.html
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