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C.S. Lewis

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rosie coutts

on 24 January 2013

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Transcript of C.S. Lewis

C.S. Lewis The Chronicles of Narnia Trilogy Characters Narnia Characters
Formally my name is Clive Staples Lewis but i like to be called Jack. I was Born in Belfast, Ireland on November 29, 1898. My two most famous series: The Chronicles of Narnia and The Space Trilogy The characters in this series experience a fantasy world, were their terrestrial origins play a huge role in the events played out within Narnia. each character faces moral and religious dilemma that is aided by an individual, the lion. Each character strives for survival and in each of their own ways trys to win a battle of good (Aslan) vs evil (The White Witch). Randsom has to face being a stranger in a land that is enchanting in its difference from Earth and instructive in its similarity. Randsom is faced with new intelligence and compares Humanity to the humble creatures on this planet. The second book continues the adventure, the great man must battle evil on a new planet - Perelandra - when it is invaded by a dark force, in the body of Weston. Randsom faces death, destruction, utopia and understanding. As a boy, I fell in love with Beatrix Potter's stories, and often wrote and illustrated my own animal stories. Me and my brother created the world of Boxen, inhabited and run by animals. I loved to read; and, as my father's house was filled with books, I felt that finding a book to read was an easy and natural daily endeavor. Other favourite books of mine are: Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson and The Secret Garden by Frances Hodgson Burnett As a teenager, I was wonder-struck by the songs and legends of what I call Northernness, the ancient literature of Scandinavia (viking land). I also grew to love nature; it's beauty reminded me of the stories of the North, and the stories of the North reminded me of the beauties of nature. My teenage writings moved away from the tales of Boxen, and I began using different art forms (epic poetry and opera) to try to capture My new-found interest in Norse mythology and the natural world. Studying with Kirkpatrick ("The Great Knock", as I afterwords called him) instilled in me a love of Greek literature and mythology and sharpened my skills in debate and sound reasoning. The Space Trilogy Out of the Silent Planet (1938), set mostly on Mars (Malacandra). In this book Elwin Ransom voyages to Mars and discovers that Earth is exiled from the rest of the solar system. he compares human morals to that of the locals and finds Human to be misguided and deranged.
Perelandra (1943), Here Dr Ransom journeys to an unspoiled Venus in which the first humanoids have just emerged. the entire book is a recreation of the Adam and Eve story and deals with temptation, innocence and curiosity.
That Hideous Strength (1945), set on Earth, this book deals with human attempts to break the bonds of mortality and achieve godhood. My Childhood I grew up in a the happy household of Little Lea, with my older brother Warren Hamilton Lewis (Warnie), my mother Flora Hamilton Lewis (daughter of an Anglican priest), and my father Albert Lewis, who was a lawyer. Ireland was not yet plagued by civil strife and my family was of middle class. I was baptised in the Church of Ireland (part of the Anglican Communion) at birth. The reason why I was nicknamed Jack was because of my dog. At the age of four, shortly after my dog Jacksie was killed by a car, I announced that my name was now Jacksie. later on, as i grew older and more mature, i changed the name to Jack. This somewhat idyllic boyhood came to an end for Me when my mother died of cancer, on my father's birthday. I was only 10. After a year, I was sent to England to study. In 1930, at the age of 32, one morning I was taking a walk with my good friend, J.R.R. Tolkien and Hugo Dyson. we had an indepth talk about Christianity that eventually converted me back to the Anglican Communion. My faith had a profound effect on my work, and my wartime radio broadcasts in WW2 on the subject of Christianity brought me wide acclaim. Science vs Religion - 15 published fiction novels
- multitudes of poems
- 29 non-fiction pieces ( the most famous being: Mere Christianity)
- Between my conversion and my death I published 35 books. Other books were published after my death and an increasing volume of secondary commentaries and biographies continues to be published.
- at least 39 works written about me My Works Awards - I was awarded the Carnegie Award, which is the highest honour for children's literature in the UK, for The Last Battle.
- I was also offered a CBE (Commander of the British Empire) by Winston Churchill in 1951, but I refused to accept. It is uncertain why. The War 1917
From April 26 until September, I was a student at University College, Oxford during WW1. I enlisted in the British army and was billeted in Keble College, Oxford, for officer's training. My roommate was Edward Courtnay Francis "Paddy" Moore (1898-1918). I was commissioned an officer in the 3rd Battalion, Somerset Light Infantry, on September 25 and reached the front line in the Somme Valley in France on my 19th birthday.
On April 15 I was wounded on Mount Berenchon during the Battle of Arras. I recuperated and was returned to duty in October, being assigned to Ludgerhall, Andover, England. Then I was discharged in December 1919. My former roommate and friend, Paddy Moore, was killed in battle. The Walk My Goals My Role as Teacher - respected scholar and teacher at Oxford university for 29 years and then served as a professor at Cambridge University until the end of my career

- In June 1954, I accepted the Chair of Medieval and Renaissance Literature at Cambridge and gave my Inaugural Lecture, "De Description Temporum," on my 56th birthday. even though i had great success as a writer, my main occupation was being a scholar and teacher. The Chronicles of Narnia is a series of seven high fantasy novels. It is considered a classic of children's literature, having sold over 100 million copies in 47 languages. Written between 1949 and 1954, illustrated by Pauline Baynes and originally published in London between October 1950 and March 1956, The Chronicles of Narnia has been adapted several times, complete or in part, for radio, television, the stage, and film. Set in the fictional realm of Narnia, a fantasy world of magic, mythical beasts, and talking animals, the series narrates the adventures of various children who play central roles in the unfolding history of that world. Except in The Horse and His Boy, the protagonists are all children from the real world, magically transported to Narnia, where they are called upon by the lion Aslan to protect Narnia from evil and restore the throne to its rightful line. The books span the entire history of Narnia, from its creation in The Magician's Nephew to its eventual destruction in The Last Battle. Teens Boyhood My Mother's Death A Little Bit Of Me In My Books My books all have aspects of my own life in them. The main part of me that i incorporate heavily in my books, is my experience with Christianity, both when i was a part of and when i wasn't. the best example of this is The Pilgram's Regress, a play on The Pilgram's Progres by John Bunyan, that i wrote right after my experience at war. My fictional characters always delt with morals and choosing the light side over the dark, and that was my life. But more specific connections can be made. In That Hidious Strength the introduction is set on the campus of Cambridge College, were i taught. and my character, Randsom, is loosly based of J.R.R. Tolkien As a scholar i am well versed in many theories and opinions of the theory of evolution, and in my sci-fi novels I portray knowledge of physics and scientific analysis. and although i am not a scientist, two topics are of special concern to me: evolution, and naturalism, which I conclude are self-refuting because they are contradicted by both fact and reason. In my early writings, such as in Mere Christianity, I somewhat accepted evolutionism, at least in part, but as I researched the subject, my writings reflected a vivid opposition to organic evolution, what I came to call the Great Myth. I grew increasingly uncomfortable with the claims being made for organic evolution but neither did I accept theistic evolution. I regarded the question as critically important, concluding that “since men were able to think, they have been wondering what this universe really is and how it came to be.” My Death My Legacy - an American writer
- two sons, David and Douglas
- a convert from atheism to Christianity
- at first just agreeable intellectual companion and personal friend
- civil marriage contract with her so that she could continue to live in the UK.
- My brother Warren wrote: "For Jack the attraction was at first undoubtedly intellectual. Joy was the only woman whom he had met... who had a brain which matched his own in suppleness, in width of interest, and in analytical grasp, and above all in humour and a sense of fun."
- she was diagnosed with terminal bone cancer, and the relationship developed to the point that we sought a Christian marriage. Since she was divorced it wasn't easy.
- ceremony was performed at her hospital bed in March 1957.
- during her remission we lived as a family (together with my brother) until her relapse and death in 1960.
- The year she died, we took a brief holiday in Greece and the Aegean
- I continued to raise Gresham's two sons as my own after her death, and since i never had kids of my own i concidered hers, mine. Joy Davidman Gresham All my life i have searched for meaning within things, and to understand them as a part of my life. i have read inumerable amounts of literature and studied with great minds on topics of philosophy, religion, and science. i have always enjoyed writing and find it a great way to share my experiences while also expressing and processing my thoughts. i have never aspired to be anything grand and i believe the impact i have made in helping to expand people's horizons is enough. my life has been a full one and i am great full for that. In July 1963 I fell ill and was admitted to hospital, there I suffered a heart attack and lapsed into a coma, unexpectedly awaking the following day at 2:00 pm. Went i was sent home I resigned from Cambridge. in mid-November I was diagnosed with end-stage renal failure. On 22 November 1963, exactly one week before my 65th birthday, I collapsed in my bedroom at 5:30 pm and died a few minutes later. I am buried in the churchyard of Holy Trinity Church, Headington, Oxford with my brother, who died in 1973. I am commemorated on 22nd of November in the church calendar of the Episcopal Church.

Media coverage of my death was almost completely overshadowed by news of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, which occurred on the same day, as did the death of Aldous Huxley, author of Brave New World. This coincidence was the inspiration for Peter Kreeft's book Between Heaven and Hell: A Dialog Somewhere Beyond Death with John F. Kennedy, C. S. Lewis, & Aldous Huxley. Coincidence - ranked eleventh on list of "the 50 greatest British writers since 1945" by The Times Journal
- I have been the subject of several biographies, a few written by close friends, such as Roger Lancelyn Green and George Sayer
- in 1985 screenplay Shadowlands by William Nicholson, dramatising Lewis's life and relationship with Joy Davidman Gresham, as well as other films
- A bronze statue of Lewis's character Digory, from The Magician's Nephew, stands in Belfast's Holywood Arches in front of the Holywood Road Library.
- Several C. S. Lewis Societies exist around the world, one was founded in Oxford in 1982 to discuss my life and works as well as the other Inklings
- creation of the New York C.S. Lewis society and the C.S. Lewis Foundation
- The C.S. Lewis Book Prize at St.thomas University
- Film adaptations have been made of three of The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe (2005), Prince Caspian (2008) and The Voyage of the Dawn Treader (2010).
- and most importantly i have inspired minds of all ages, races and religions He writes children’s literature that mocks God and ridicules church. “He is the anti-Lewis,” Hitchens states, referencing C.S. Lewis’s classic Chronicles of Narnia series. He adds that Pullman is “the one the atheists would have been praying for, if atheists prayed.” Yet, unlike most atheists who attack God through stuffy academic treatises that will never be read by the general public, Pullman uses children’s literature to foment rebellion against God.

Pullman’s most popular work is a trilogy named His Dark Materials. The first book is titled The Golden Compass (previously Northern Lights), the second The Subtle Knife and the third The Amber Spyglass. Pullman borrows freely from the imagery of my writing. Philip Pullman A mural depicting Lewis and characters from the Narnia series, Convention Court, Ballymacarrett Road, east Belfast Plaque on a park-bench in Bangor, County Down The statue of me in front of the wardrobe from The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe in East Belfast, Northern Ireland film adapted version of my book the Lion, the Witch, and The Wardrobe The End boarding school was hell for me and i became very depressed and started to question my faith. At the age of 15 I left Christianity behind and took up Atheism. And In 1916, I was awarded a scholarship at University College, Oxford. The experience proved to be mostly positive. I learned to love poetry, especially the works of Virgil and Homer and also developed an interest in modern languages, mastering French, German, and Italian. Loss in Faith
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