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Archetypal Criticism for Dummies

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taylor calmelat

on 24 January 2013

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Transcript of Archetypal Criticism for Dummies

Archetypal Criticism Who came up with this stuff? CARL JUNG What is archetypal criticism? Colors Characters "Collective unconscious" "The archetype concept derives from the often repeated observation that myths and universal literature stories contain well defined themes which appear every time and everywhere. We often meet these themes in the fantasies, dreams, delirious ideas and illusions of persons living nowadays." Seasons (1875-1961) Influenced by Freud and the Freudian Theory of the Unconscious.
Process of Individuation
Self (A union of the conscious and the unconscious)
Archetypes are the clues to finding wholeness
Swiss, Analytical Psychology
Primordial Images HOW TO identify archetypes in literature 1. If an image, character trait, color, or symbol appear seems familiar and can be connected to other literature, that means it is probably an archetype.
2. It's time to determine the meaning of the archetype. What does it usually stand for in literature? If a character is evil and wears red, that might mean that the character archetype is a villain and the color red is associated with evil. Refer to the common archetypes list if you are unsure.
3. Connect the archetype to other specific pieces of literature. Also, how does it relate to things you have read, seen and heard in your life that help you identify with it? An archetype is not an archetype unless it is recurring throughout literary history.
4. Ask yourself this: How should the archetype be interpreted in this specific piece of literature? Try to determine the archetype(s)' effect on the form and function of the piece.
5. Now you can easily find the theme, tone and motifs of this piece of literature by using your identified archetypes. You also can now see the connection of culture, myths and other recurring ideas to the piece of literature you criticized. Criticism of The Scarlet Letter Critics praised THE SCARLET LETTER for its "subtle knowledge of character" and "tragic power," which derive from Hawthorne's interweaving of the classic archetype of the Garden of Eden with his probing of the true meaning of identity, morality, evil, sin, and guilt. Much like Adam and Eve, Reverend Arthur Dimmesdale and Hester Prynne are symbolically cast out of Paradise for their sin, forced to suffer, toil, and confront their guilt at their transgression of society's norms -- as well as their own. In doing so, they become aware of their mortality and humanity, which results in their personal growth and ability to empathize with others. Hester's scarlet A, initially a despised symbol of shame for her sin, becomes transmogrified by the end of the novel. It becomes a cherished sign of Hester's ability to feel compassion and work for the greater good of the community. It also symbolizes her hard-won identity as a valued member of society.Hawthorne grapples with what it means to be evil, guiding readers to the inevitable conclusion that evil lies not in illicit love but rather in violating the sanctity of the human heart and the perversion of love into cruelty. Although more than 150 years old, THE SCARLET LETTER is still powerful and timely because of its psychological and philosophical depth.

-For example... In any story the reader recognizes the protagonist and the antagonist and follows them throughout the story combining their characteristics with others throughout the book 1. Red: blood, sacrifice, violent passion: disorder.
2. Green: growth; sensation; hope; fertility; in negative context may be associated with death and decay.
3. Blue: usually highly positive, associated with truth, religious feeling, security, spiritual purity
4. Black (darkness): chaos, mystery, the unknown; death; the unconscious; evil; melancholy.
5. White: signifying, in its positive aspects, light, purity, innocence, and timelessness; in its negative aspects, death, terror, the supernatural, and the blinding truth a mystery 1. Spring - rebirth; genre-comedy.

2. Summer - life; genre-romance.

3. Fall - death; dying; genre-tragedy.

4. Winter - without life; death; genre-irony. A. The Father: Authority Figure; stern; powerful (How To Train Your Dragon)
B. The Mother: Nurturing; comforting (Cheaper by the Dozen)
C. The Child: Longing for innocence; rebirth; salvation (Despicable Me)
D. The Hero: Champion; defender; rescuer; independent identity (Harry Potter)
E. The Wise Old Man: guidance; knowledge; wisdom (The Hobbit)
F. The Trickster: deceiver; liar; trouble maker (Aladdin) NORTHROP FRYE (1912-1991) Well first of all, an archetype is a symbol, usually an image, which recurs often enough in literature to be recognizable as an element of one's literary experience as a whole. "New Poetics" Anatomy of Criticism Seasonal Archetype Graph James George Frazer Born in Glasgow, he was a historian of religion and classical scholar. He like the others analyzed life and literature
Wrote "The Golden Bough" (the first influential text dealing with cultural mythologies.
Death & Rebirth
Persephone CHAPTER 1 * What are archetypes?

*What is archetypal criticism?

*What is the origin of this approach?

*Who in particular contributed to the origin of archetypal criticism?

*How can it be applied? Archetypal criticism is basically a type of literary criticism that is concerned with discovering and analyzing the original pattern or models for themes, motifs, and characters in literature. So... Knock knock!
Who's there?
A joke!
A joke who?
A joke you knew how to answer, because it's an archetype! CHAPTER 2 What are the steps to archetypal criticizing?
What are some examples of archetypal criticisms? Try This! Think of your favorite book. Now write down as many archetypes as you can think of from it. Now look, you're already on your way to becoming an archetypal critic! Little Suzy remembers reading fairytale books when she was little. This recurring idea of a perfect life made Suzy a princess herself. But not a sweet, innocent princess. No. More like a mean, bratty, spoiled one Now if only there were an archetypal prince who could ever actually put up with her... YEAH RIGHT! What you need to know:
Archetypal critics believe that stories are written in accordance with an underlying archetypal model
When criticizing archetypes, USE WHAT YOU KNOW! It's all about connections and associations to other things you've read.
We ALL are archetypal critics! All of us, whether we do it consciously or not, relate and connect traditional plots, characters, and symbols. Keep these few things in mind... Not every single symbol is necessariy an archetype!
Archetypes often mean more than just one thing, depending on the piece of literature You know that one friend that is super lucky? The one that is very clumsy? The momma's boy? The shy one? The mega athlete? Yeah, those are ALL archetypes! 1. It can be easily identified: This follows our process by way of
referencing a well-known connection: the Garden of Eden.
2. It has meaning: such as morality, evil, and sin, and the
color red for sacrifice.
These are from step one and step two. The next steps are followed by connecting
with well known figures; Adam and Eve.
3. It is a specific piece to help the reader
better understand based on what he/she
has read prior to that reading.
4. The archetype of scarlet? Red has a
diffent meaning at the beginning of the
book than does at the end. Canadian literary critic and theorist
"Anatomy of Criticism" "Mythology" Our English teachers actually are trying to teach us the importance of archetypes in stories and we should appreciate them for it! If it weren't for archetypal criticism, then it would be hard to identify themes and universal symbols! In a criticism by Christian de Quincy, he states, "Archetypes are ancestral psychic patterns, shared across cultures as countless forms buried deep in our collective unconcious."

a) referring to Jung's collective unconcious
b) explains the patterns in 7 parts
1. Warrior
2. Poet
3. Artist
4. Scientist
5. Philosopher
6. Shaman
7. Mystic Criticism of Meaning Chapter 3 An example of an
Criticism Father of Archetypes Archtypes APPENDIX Annotated Criticism


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