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Active and Passive Voice

The active voice is the "normal" voice,The passive voice is less usual.


on 10 January 2013

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Transcript of Active and Passive Voice

Active And Passive Voice Active and passive Voice Examples The professor teaches the students Subject Doing the action verb Object Receiving the action (cc) image by jantik on Flickr The students are taught by the proffesor Verb Object In “active voice” subject acts upon object, while in “passive voice”object is acted upon by subject. It can also be said, in “active voice”subject does a work on object, while in “passive voice” object is worked on by subject. Rule for active: [subject]+[verb]+[object]
Rule for passive: [passive object]+[verb]+[subject] Active Subject Passive Present Simple Tense Auxiliary verb in passive voice: am/is/are Active voice:

He sings a song. Passive voice:

A song is sung
by him.  Present Continuous Tense Auxiliary verb in passive voice: am being/is being/are being Active voice:

I am writing a letter A letter is being written
by me. Passive voice: Present Perfect Tense Auxiliary verb in passive voice: has been/have been Active voice:

She has finished
his work Passive voice:

Her work has been
finished by her. Past Simple Tense Auxiliary verb in passive voice: was/were Active voice:

I killed a snake

I did not kill a snake. Passive voice:

A snake was killed
by me.

A snake was not
killed by me. Past Continuous Tense Auxiliary verb in passive voice: was being/were being Active voice:

He was driving a car.

He was not driving a car. Passive voice:

A car was being driven
by him.

A car was not being
driven by him. Changing a negative sentence into the passive Active: I do not write a letter.
Passive: A letter is not written by me.

Active: I do not abuse my servants.
Passive: My servants are not abused by me. Past Perfect Tense Auxiliary verb in passive voice: had been Active voice:

They had completed
the assignment
They had not completed
the assignment. Passive voice:

The assignment had been completed
by them.

The assignment had not been complete
by them. Future Simple Tense Auxiliary verb in passive voice: will be Active voice:

She will buy a car.
She will not buy a car. Passive voice:

A car will be bought by her.
A car will not be bought by her. Future Perfect Tense Auxiliary verb in passive voice: will have been Active voice:
You will have started
the job.
You will have not
started the job. Passive voice:
The job will have been
started by you.
The job will not have been
started by you.  Tenses that cannot be changed into passive voice. Present perfect continuous tense
Past perfect continuous tense
Future continuous tense
Future perfect continuous tense Professor: Dra. Mónica Vaca C. ESPOCH Active and Passive Voice By: Mónica Vaca Cárdenas
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