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PRS-2:Post disaster housing reconstruction as a bridge to building community resilience

The case of eastern India
by

Mittul Vahanvati

on 26 August 2014

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Transcript of PRS-2:Post disaster housing reconstruction as a bridge to building community resilience

1. To understand the problems with the current design process of housing reconstruction after disaster as done by humanitarian agencies in north-eastern India.

2. To examine the contribution of architects in the process. (What knowledge helped them, how they got involved, what design processes they followed, how, and lessons learnt?)

3. To examine the outcomes of these reconstruction processes and their effectiveness in initiating the process of building community resilience, in eastern India (variation and similarity in operationalizing housing reconstruction by various aid agencies).
Architect
MBEnvSustDev
Facilitator
Educator
Community facilitation Bamboo construction, Australia Earthbag construction, India
to progress my career in socially responsible architecture, after disaster in India
My background
To develop an adaptable-design framework for improved operationalizing of post-disaster housing reconstruction process for humanitarian agencies working in India and across the Asia-Pacific region.encies working in India and across the Asia-Pacific region.
What are the key factors determining the effectiveness of housing reconstruction projects and building community resilience, by humanitarian agencies working after disaster in Indian context?
Is an architect required?
architects
planners
engineers
builders
Reference:Bevaola, K, Quamrul, A & Kamal, S 2010, 'Resource capability for local government in managing disaster', Disaster Prevention and Management, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 438-51.
combining technical knowledge with traditional rural knowledge
Research question:
Stage 1
Post disaster housing reconstruction as a bridge to building community resilience
Importance of housing recovery & developing countries
The case of eastern India
I wish put into practice my understanding of the process of housing reconstruction for better housing outcomes and long-term community resilience
Literature review
Stage 2
Stage 3
Stage 4
`
Davis, I. (1978)

Comerio, M.C. (1978)

Barakat, S. (2003)

Lang, H. (2008)
Lyons, M. (2009)

Ahmed, K.I. (2011)
Failure of housing reconstruction: sub-standard or socially in-appropriate housing
Davis, I. 1978
Skinner, R. 1990
Barakat, S. 2003
Seraj, S.M. & Ahmed, K.I. 2004
Boen, T. & Jigyasu, R. 2005
Barenstein, J.D. 2006
Ganapati, N.E. and
Ganapati, S. 2009
Advocates for architect's involvement
Davis, I. 1978

Aquilino, M. 1986

Charlesworth, E. 1999

Cuff, D. 2000

Davidson, C. H., Johnson, C.
& Lizarralde, G. 2010
Method of housing provision
Hamdi, N. (1968)

Davis, I. (1978)

Seraj, S.M. & Ahmed, K.I. (2004)

Ganapati, N.E. & Ganapati, S. (2009)

Davidson, C. H., Johnson, C.
& Lizarralde, G. 2010

Schilderman, T. & Lyons, M. (2011)
Practitioners of humanitarian architecture
Design Corps by Bell, B. & Wakeford, K. (1991)
Rural Studio by Mockbee, S. (since 1993)
Fathy, H. (since 1997)
Architecture for Humanity (AFH) Sinclair, C. & Kate, S. (1999)
Architects Without Frontiers (AWF) by Charlesworth, E. (1999)
Green Space Collaborative by Mueller, A. (2004)
SEEDs ; SKAT; TARU
Development Alternatives (DA)
Potential outcome
Research timeframe
SEEDS India
Hunnarshala
Habitat for Humanity
Literature review
+ Conceptual
framework
Case-study
Data analysis

Mittul Vahanvati

Potential case-studies
Disaster:

Kosi river flooding, 2008
Project:
Reconstruction in Supaul district, Bihar, India
Donor:
Gov. of Bihar, UNDP, WorldBank
Local NGO:
Owner Driven Reconstruction Collaborative (ODRC)
No. of houses:
Technical support: ?
Why?
Masters research:


Sustainability Principles
Ecology as the basis for the mode of architectural design and practice.
Source: www.nationsonline.org
Reference:www.indiawaterportal.org/taxonomy
Reference: adapted from Natural earth data_wikimedia commons
Reference: CRED & EM-DAT 2012, Disaster Data: A Balanced Perspective, February 2012 edn, CREDCrunch, Brussels, 4 Oct 2012.
Reference: EM-DAT
Source: Marcus, Oxley from CARE in DA & Niazi, Z 2001
Disaster:

Kosi river flooding, 2008
Project:

Reconstruction in Madhepura district, Bihar, India
Donor:

Gov. of Bihar, UNDP, WorldBank
Local NGO:

Owner Driven

Reconstruction Collaborative (ODRC)

No. of houses:
Technical support: ?
Disaster:
Kosi river flooding, 2008
Project:

Reconstruction in Gop Block, Puri, Orissa, India
Donor:

Own+others
Local NGO:
ANaRDe Foundation (Specializes in building community resilience)
No. of houses:
Technical support: ?
Disaster:
Cyclone Aila, 2009 West Bengal
Project:
Reconstruction in Chargheri, West Bengal, India
Donor:
Own + Others
Local NGO:

n/a
No. of houses:
265
Technical support: ?
CARE India
Motivation
Post disaster housing reconstruction expose vulnerabilities of the build environment - especially housing, but it also presents an opportunity to rebuild better and improve people's access to resources (soft & hard resources).
Research problem
Research setting
To inform humanitarian agencies through a design framework for operationalizing post-disaster housing reconstruction that enables building long-term community resilience.
Research aim :
Research objectives :
Research inquiry
Key factors
CONTENTS
Research design
Design frame for operationalizing
Key factors
Full transcript