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ABC's of Ancient Greece
Transcript of ABC's of Ancient Greece
A is for
Agora- an open area, or market place
Acropolis- main gathering place in a "polis", usually a forfited area and a place for religious worship.
B is for
Battles- The greeks participated in many battles, such as The Battle of Marathon, the Battle of Thermopylae and the Battle of Salamis.
Battle of Marathon- Famous battle where the greeks defeated the mighty Persians.
Battle of Thermopylae- Persian victory but allowed Athens time to build 200 ships for it's defense
C is for
Colonists-Settlements in new territories that provide raw materials such as grain, timber and labor resources for the "parent" city/ country in return for finished good such as pottery, wine and olive oil
D is for
Delian Leauge- a group of greek city states that promised to defend its members against the persians.
Doric [pillars]- A type of pillars used for building in ancient Greece.
Democracy- A type of government invented in ancient Greece.
E is for
Euripides- Euripides was a play writer in ancient Greece
Euclid- Euclid was an Ancient Greece mathematician. He developed the study of geometry.
Festivals- Festivals were very important because they were the largest part of worshiping the gods and goddesses
Food- The greeks usually drank wine and ate bread.
F is for
G is for
Grapes- Grapes were one of Greece's main crops.
Greek Religion- In the greeks religion, they were polytheistic which means thy believed in many gods, and the greeks had gods for the sun, gods for the water and so on.
H is for
Homer- Poet of Ancient Greece that wrote the poems Illiad and The Odyssey.
Hellenistic Era- The Hellenistic Era was the time between Alexander the Great and the rise of Roman domination.
I is for
Immortal- Gods and goddess who the greeks believed were just like humans but lived forever.
Ionian sea- The sea that is located west from Greece and separates it from Italy.
Ionic- A type of column that is fancier than a Doric column.
J is for
Javelin throw- A sport in the Olympics. (The Olympics started in Ancient Greece)
Jewelry- The Minoans were very successful jewelry makers.
K is for
King Minos- King Minos was the king of the people that lived on the island of Crete.
Kappa- Kappa is the tenth letter of the Greek alphabet.
L is for
Laborers- People who do work with their hands, usually slaves in ancient Greece.
Lesbos- An island located in the northern Aegean Sea.
M is for
Mycenae- An early greek civilization.
Minoans- An ancient greek civilization located on the island of Crete.
Myths- A traditional story told bu the ancient greeks to explain events in nature.
Mount Olympus- Where the greeks believed many gods and goddesses lived.
N is for
Nemesis- A mythical creature that has influenced the word nemesis today.
O is for
Olives- A crop that grew very well in the climate of ancient Greece.
Olympics- An athletic competition to honor that was held to honor the gods.
Odyssey- One of the Ancient greek poems written by Homer.
P is for
Parthenon- A building built in Ancient Greece to honor the gods.
Pericles- A great leader in ancient Athens, he was helpful in greek government.
Persian war- The war fought between the greeks and the Persians that lasted for 20 years.
Q is for
Queen of the Gods- The Greek goddess Hera, was the wife if Zeus, and she was known as the queen of the gods.
R is for
Restricted- The women in Athens were Restricted (kept inside) at there homes and werent alowed to do much except cook, and clean.
S is for
Socrates- a famous greek philosopher who encouraged people to ask questions.
Salamis-The sea battle against Athens and the Persian army.
T is for
Trojan War- A war fought between the greeks and the people of troy.
Theater- Originated in ancient Greece and was written in two forms, Tragedy and Comedy.
U is for
Ulysses- Also known as Odysseus the hero of Homer's epic poem "The Odyssey".
V is for
Venus- the greek god of beauty and love. Her Greek name is Aphrodite and her Roman name is Venus.
W is for
Wrestling- a greek sport in the olympics
X is for
Xerxes- The king of Persia during the Persian wars.
Y is for
Y looks like the greek letter psi in the Greek alphabet ( it looks like a wide u with a line through the middle and below a little ways)
Z is for
Zeus- The king of all gods and goddesses. He was the ruler of mount Olympus.