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Transcript of Nelson Mandela
By Aisha Espinosa Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918. Mandela's hometown is Transkei, South Africa.
His given name is Rohlihahla Mandela. HIs father, Gadla Henry Mandela, was a Chief of the Tembu tribe. When Mandela was an infant, his father did not follow the command of the British Authorities. Gadla had most of his possesions taken away from him. This included land, cattle, and his job. A young Mandela and his mother were sent to live with relatives who could support them. At the age of seven, Mandela began studying at the one room mission schoolhouse in town. The teacher there called him Nelson. Childhood When Mandela, now called Nelson, reached the age of 9, his father died unexpectedly. Nelson, again,had to move. Since he was a descendant of royalty, he went to live with his cousin. After completing his studies, Mandela went on to study at a college and university. His cousin acted as chief of Thembu. Mandela called his cousin's home the Great Place. It was there where Nelson Mandela finished school. After School He studied at the University College of Fort Hare and at the University of Witwaterstand. He qualified for law in the year of 1944. At the age of 34, Nelson Mandela joined the African National Congress. He was suspended from the University of Fort Hare because he partcipated in a protest. Mandela's Career in the A.N.C
In 1949, Mandela officially became a part of the A.N.C's National Executive Committee. Although new to the A.N.C., Mandela quickly became known as a leader. In 1952, Mandela's first prison sentence, for A.N.C's Defienace Campaign, was suspended. In 1956, Mandela was arrested, along with other A.N.C. officials. From 1956- 1961, he was on trial for treason. In 1961, his trial ended. He was not charged. In 1960, the A.N.C was banned. After the banning of the A.N.C, mandela suggested a military sector for the A.N.C. The president of the A.N.C. agreed with Mandela and gave him permission to use violence tactics. He announced to the group that anyone who wished to join Mandela would not be stopped. Mandela then formed Umkhonto we Sizwe, which means Spear of the Nation. This became the A.N.C's military wing. Mandela was caught in 1962. He was given five years in prison. In 1963, barely a year later, he was put on trial for conspiracy, sabotage, and treason ( what a surprise). He was sentenced life in prison. Surprisingly, Mandela got his reputation from being in prison. He was accepted as a symbol against apartheid, and as a significant leader. From 1964 - 1982, he was kept at Robben Island Prison. Afterwards, he was transferred to a maximum security prison on the mainland. On Feb. 11, 1990, President Frederik Willem de Klerk set Nelson Mandela free. Mandela once again immersed hinself in his life's work. In 1991, he was chosen to be the president of A.N.C. Mandela's longtime friend Oliver Tambo, who participated in a student protest back in college alongside Mandela, became the National Chairperson of the A.N.C Nelson Mandela and de Klerk discussed the matters of improving life for the black South Africans. In 1993, Mandela and de Klerk shared the honor of receiving a Nobel Peace Prize. In 1994, Nelson Mandela was elected president of South Africa. De Klerk and Mandela Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo. Transkeii, South Africa. THE END!!!!!!!!!