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Relative Clauses in French

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by

Ivana Lyon

on 29 September 2013

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Transcript of Relative Clauses in French

Relative clauses
restrict or define more precisely the meaning of the noun phrase they refer to. The noun phrase that is modified in this way is called an
ANTECEDENT
.
Latin:
antecedere
"go before, precede,"
from
ante
- "before" +
cedere
"to yield"
Antecedent Rule:
the antecedent MUST
immediately precede
the
relative pronoun
Antecedent
Antecedent
Relative pronoun refers to the antecedent
i.e. qui = un serpent boa
Relative pronouns
can function as
subjects
,
direct or indirect objects
, or
objects of prepositions
of the relative clause.
Subject
Direct Object
Object of preposition
Adverbial complement
How do you know which
relative pronoun
you need
to use?

qui
que
lequel
dont

Le Petit Prince n'aime pas
le mouton
.

Le mouton
est très malade.

sujet
QUI
Le Petit Prince n'aime pas
le mouton
[
qui
est très malade.]

Le Petit Prince ne veut pas
ce bélier
.
Ça c'est
un bélier
.
QUE
objet direct
Ça c'est
le bélier
[
que
le Petit Prince ne veut pas ________.]
Voilà
le troisième mouton
.
St. Exupéry dessine
une caisse
[ pour
ce mouton
.]
Voilà
le troisième mouton

[pour
lequel
St. Exupéry dessine une caisse ______________.]
object of a preposition
Le Petit Prince protège
la rose
.
Il est amoureux
de cette rose
.
DONT
object of the preposition "de"
Le Petit Prince protège
la rose

[
dont
il est amoureux ________.]
Relative pronoun 'who'
refers to the antecedent 'John'
Let's review with some cool music from Debussy... (Can you guess what the relative pronoun

means?)
Full transcript