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Environmental Issues

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Nicole Nienow

on 7 November 2014

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Transcript of Environmental Issues

Deforestation accounts for 20% of global
carbon emissions per year.

Malaysia and Indonesia are the biggest
tropical exporters in the world of logging,
but they also burn down there forests after
being logged. This produces carbon
emissions leading up to climate change.

9 trees are used per person each year.

Also after deforestation takes place they
have to do something with the land,
leading us to the next environmental issue,
habitat fragmentation.

Habitat Fragmentation
Habitat fragmentation is altering of the environment, like the physical layout, causing extinction to occur, and the land to be unsustainable.

When deforestation occurs land is left over for soy businesses, sugarcane, and cattle farms to take over.

After these businesses are done with the land, the land is unsustainable for further agriculture.

For cattle farms they produce about 165 pounds of beef per acre of land. The cattle ranchers are making mincemeat out of Brazil's Amazon rainforests, and doing nothing to make the forests sustainable in the future.

Also bio fuel is being produced for the production of human needs, leading us to the next issue, electronic waste.

Electronic Waste
The world produces so much electronic waste we don't know what to do with it.

80% of the E-waste is exported to third world countries, because it is cheaper to get rid of the waste.

We ship it to other countries because the environmental regulations in the US are too strict to follow, because we're not able to clean it up in an inexpensive way.

1 computer contains hundreds of toxic chemicals that cause illnesses, and we don't want them to be burned in the U.S.

But if we did not ship our waste, we would look like a giant garbage dump, similar to Mumbai.

We need to focus on our individual consumption to somehow improve the environmental status, which is also the next environmental issue, landfills.
A dump- is an unregulated hole in the ground where garbage and trash are tossed.

A landfill- is designed to meet environmental standards.

There are a handful of landfills in the United States, but they are not small, they are very big.

Landfills consist of a top layer of soil, then a clay/ plastic layer, then trash, sand/gravel,old trash,and then a bottom liner. There are gas recover valves that let the build up of gas escape.

An old landfill called "Fresh Kills", had 30000 tons of waste shipped to it per day, and had no where to go with it but to just leave it there. The landfill is not letting garbage in through its doors, but they are still trying to sort through the mess from before.

Many landfills incinerate there garbage, producing smoke and ash, polluting the environment. Recycling is a painstaking process, but if we try recycling, the landfills won't be as big.

We can even get payed for recycling!

Landfills contribute to our air pollution, creating acid rain, the next issue we will be talking about.
Acid Rain
Ocean Garbage
Climate Change
Last Stop
Worst Issue

Air quality and Energy Production
Next Exit Environmental Issues
By: Nicole Nienow
Each of us throughout a year use about 20,000 gallons of water.

There is no substitute for freshwater,
and only 60% of the worlds fresh water
is found in 9 countries.

What consumes most water is agriculture.

The great lakes are suffering from
pollution, and the water quality is getting
worse. Ninety cites dump sewage into
the lakes and it is a major environmental

Almost all life depends on water, and if we don't clean up our act life may not survive.

We are trying to clean the water,like at the water treatment plant in Lincolnwood, but by doing so we are releasing dangerous chemicals into the environment, Which leads us to the most critical environmental issue, Air pollution.

Atlantic Ocean in Georgia
Your Journey
First stop, Critical Issue
2. Habitat Fragmentation
3. Electronic Waste
4. Landfills
5. Acid Rain
6. Ocean Garbage
7. Freshwater
8. Climate Change
Your destination-Most Critical issue:
9. Air Quality & Energy Production
Not Futile soil

Water Treatment Plant

Mt. Trashmore in Evanston

This is not just a nation wide problem it is a world wide problem. In the next 5 years India, china and the US will send 2.7 billion tones of Co 2 into the air.

Toxic gases produced by manufacturing goods burning coal,and energy production, all contribute to the other environmental issues. It produces acid rain, that affects fresh water, that affects climate change, and so on.

In Linfen, a new Coal plant gets built every four days. If we want to help the planet, we might need to send a political message of not buying products made with toxic chemicals.

We could start using solar energy and make new improvements on energy saving issues
This is the metal factory right behind the high school. To make there products they also need to release toxic chemicals into the air. They have a complex network of pipes and tunnels to scrub the air and make there "discards" environmentally friendly. But still, not all there emissions are friendly, and this factory is one factor contributing to air pollution.
These items in the right corner probably came from a plastic factory, that originated from an oil refinery.

The factories probably emitted toxic chemicals into the environment making air pollution a problem.

Then the product will be shipped to the consumer polluting the earth more, and I will only use it for a day.

What I do with the plastic is all up to me. I could throw them in the garbage, and let it decompose for a couple hundred years, or I can recycle them, and the plastic can be made into some other product."Which I did, and maybe it will come back to me in a different form"
What Will Happen To
My Garbage?
Full transcript