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Transcript of First 4
Bonnechere Valley Fire Dept.
Critical Incident Stress
The firefighter's curriculum is designed to help with your training as a new firefighter.
Over the process of your training you will learn how to become an experienced firefighter and be able to perform your duties in a safe manor.
Learning is a life long undertaking.
Ontario Firefighters Standards
Role of the Learner/Trainer
End of Introduction!
-You will Acquire:
Attitudes and values through experience.
-The Obligation rests upon the learner to seek out every opportunity to enhance their knowledge.
-As an adult and professional, YOU are responsible for your own learning!
As a firefighter you will be held to a high level of standards.
The Firefighter standards were developed by FIREFIGHTERS
They were adopted by THE ONTARIO FIRE CHIEFS
and are completely PERFORMACNE BASED
Ontario Firefighter Standards
Two important points to consider are:
1. Every Firefighter has the opportunity to be trained to a high level of proficiency
2. Each standard is a living document that is sensitive to change
The Curriculum development process is based on the needs of the adult learner, the needs of the professional and the needs of the society.
The focus is LEARNER-CENTERED
Role of Learner:
To make every effort to attend all training.
To be come competent in the learned task.
To regularly review training.
To seek extra help if unsure of any part of material learned
Role of the Trainer:
To guide you through the learning material in a way that is both through and easy to understand.
Adapt the lesson to the individual learner based on their learning style.
Creation of a Fire Department
Principles of Organization
1. Unity of Command
Span of Control
The Provincial legislation gives the Municipality Act the authority to establish a Fire Department.
(Psst: read that again!)
The Fire Department utalizes four basic organizational principles in order to operate effectively as a team:
1. Unity of Command
2. Span of Control
3. Division of Labor
FIRE PREVENTION OFFICER
The number of personal one individual can effectively manage.
Captains 3-7 firefighters
Division of Labour
Firefighters Roles and Responsibilities
Operating Guidelines (OG's)
The Dividing of large jobs into small jobs for the following reasons:
to assign responsibility
to prevent duplication of effort
to make specific and clear assignments
Setting the limits or boundaries for expected performance AND enforcing them.
Your actions have consequences both good and bad!
Answering emergency calls when available.
Training and must attend practices.
Station duties to be done at each practice.
Volunteer work within the community
These guidelines provide actions that are the core of every firefighting incident plan.
These guidelines are based on Section 21 Guidance notes.
Section 21 Guidance notes were developed by the Ontario Fire Service Section 21 Advisory Committee and distributed by the Ministry of Labor.
IT IS THE FIREFIGHTERS RESPONSIBILITY UNDER THE OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY ACTTO CREATE AND MAINTAIN A SAFE WORKING ENVIRONMENT
The firefighter's standards were developed by:
A) Fire Chiefs
C) Fire Prevention Officers
D) An independent committee
The responsibility for learning lies:
A) with the learner
B) with the Fire Cheif
C) with the TF
D) with the captain
What are two roles of the Learner?
What are two roles of the Trainer?
True or False.
The Ontario Firefighter Standards were adopted by the Municipality.
True or False:
The Number of personal an officer can supervise is defined under the "Span of Control"
Who reports directly to the Fire Chief?
C) Deputy Chief
D) Fire Prevention Officer
Which is not discribed under "division of labor"?
A)To assign responsibility
B)To make clear assignments
C)To ensure Section 21 Guidance notes are followed
D) To prevent duplicate effort
What are the rules that we follow as firefighters called. "the core of every firefighting incident plan."
What is the name of the notes that these rules are based on?
A) Section 23 Guidance Notes
B) Section 21 Guidance Notes
C) Section 23 Guideline Notes
D) Section 21 Guideline Notes
Expectations of a firefighter
Critical Incident Stress
Symptoms of CIS
Cognitive Symptoms of CIS
Emotional Symptoms of CIS
Behavioral Symptoms of CIS
1 or more weeks after:
1 or more weeks after:
Factors Affecting CIS Reaction
On-Scene CIS Management
CIS Management after the incident
To Save Lives
Contain and extinguish fires
The Role of the firefighter and the responsibilities lie within Fire Prevention. (Conducting fire safety programs)
What is stress?
Unachieved personal goals
Poor interpersonal relations
Line of duty death
serious line of duty injury
suicide by a fellow emergency worker
disaster or major multi-casualty incident
significant events involving children
relatives or known victims
increased blood pressure
Decreased decision making
Decreased problem solving
Limited attention span
Anxiety, fear, grief
Irritability, anger, numbness, resentment
Depression, Identification with the victims
Change in behavioral patterns
Early wake up
Inability to concentrate
Decreased decision making
Short term memory issues
Fear of repetition
Sense of loss
Increased use of alcohol or drugs
Withdrawal from services
Excerise (45 minutes)
Take "Me Time"
Tell yourself how to respond. (stay calm, relax, i know what to do)
Focus on the job at hand.
Take breaks (eat, rest, drink)
Use humor (appropriate and discrete)
Talk with others about incident
Accept your reactions. They are normal.
Talk, Talk, Talk.
Eat, Rest, Drink, even if you don't want to.
Return to normal life
Keep sugars low
Attend a defusing or debriefing.
Which is not a Personal Stressor?
Which is a Job-related Stressor?
A) Administrative hassles
C) Human tragedy
D) All of the above
The Following are examples of a Critical Incident: True or False?
T/F : A line of duty death
T/F : Excessive media interst
T/F : A minor accident
T/F : A serious injury
T/F : All the stores are closed and your wife wants chocolate
List 2 physical symptoms of CIS:
List 2 Cognitive symptoms of CIS:
List 2 Emotional symptoms of CIS:
List 2 Behavioral symptoms of CIS:
T/F: Talking yourself through a stressful situation could have you removed from the fire department.
T/F: Saying "Who brought the marshmallows" at a structure fire where a family has just lost everything would result in disciplinary action from an officer in the department.
Most Dangerous Jobs:
Safety in the Hall
Safety in Training
Emergency Scene Safety
Firefighting continues to make the list of the most dangerous jobs in the world. Don't think that just because we live in a small community it can't happen here.
IT CAN HAPPEN TO YOU!
NFPA 1500 standard on Fire Department Occupational Health and Safety contains the MINIMUM requirements and procedures for safety.
(wait....what did that just say....hmm might be important.)
To prevent human suffering, deaths, injuries, illnesses, and exposures to hazardous atmospheres and contagious diseases.
To Prevent damage and loss of equipment.
To Reduce the incidence and severity of accidents.
PPE (personal protective equipment) MUST be worn when working in the fire hall or on emergency scenes.
Hand tools and small power tools are the most commonly used tools within a fire dept. Observe the following procedures when using hand and power tools:
Wear appropriate PPE
Remove jewelry, including rings and watches.
Select the appropriate tool for the job.
Know the manufactures instructions and follow them.
Inspect tools before use to determine their condition.
If a tool is broken or malfunctioning remove it and report it.
Provide enough storage space for tools and always return them promptly when done.
Inspect and clean tools before storing and before each training sesson.
Consult with and secure the approval of manufacturer before modifying any tool.
Use spark-resistant tools when working in flammable atmospheres such as around vehicle's fuel system.
If you are unsure of the proper way to use a tool ask someone for assistance.
Always make sure you have the proper training before operating any tool.
NFPA 1500 Requires that all personal who engage in structural fire fighting participate in training at least monthly. Other types of training are required on an "as needed basis."
(hey there's that number again. NFPA 1500 must be important)
Horseplay during training must be forbidden as it can lead to accidents.
Always remember you did not cause the situation and are not responsible for the people involved. You should NEVER sacrifice yourself in any emergency.
It is irresponsible and unprofessional for firefighters to take unnecessary risks.
OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY
The object of the OHSA is to improve health and safety in the work place.
Duties of the Employer
Duties of the Firefighter
Internal Responsibility System
Each and every firefighter should take it upon themselves to review the entire OHSA.
Make sure employees work in compliance with the act and regulations.
Make sure employees wear and use protective equipment.
Advise employees of danger.
When necessary provide written instructions and warnings.
Work in compliance with the act and regulations.
Use and wear safety equipment.
Report hazards and defects.
Report any contraventions of the act.
A system where by both management and workers share the primary responsibility for the workplace health and safety plus a postive communication between the worker and the management.
OHSA requires the establishment of JOINT HEALTH AND SAFETY COMMITTEE where 20 or more workers are regularly employed at a workplace and to hold committee meetings on a regular basis.
What is the standard that contains the minimum requirements for the Fire Department Occupational Safety program?
What standard requires all firefighters who engage in structural fire fighting to participate in training at least monthly?
T/F : Firefighters have to wear proper PPE only during live fire work.
T/F : One of the main goals of a good safety program is to prevent damage to equipment.
T/F : Horseplay is acceptable in the hall as long as it is done safely.
List 2 duties of the Employer under the OHSA
List 2 duties of the Firefighter under the OHSA