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The Progressive Era - Prezi #1
Transcript of The Progressive Era - Prezi #1
Journalists' role in the Progressive Movement
Social reforms that Progressives tackled
What Progressives hoped to achieve through reforms Progressivism – movement that responded to the pressures of industrialization and urbanization by promoting reforms
muckraker – writer who uncovers and exposes misconduct in politics or business
Lincoln Steffens – muckraking author of Shame of the Cities; exposed corruption in urban government
Jacob Riis – muckraking photographer and author of How The Other Half Lives; exposed the condition of the urban poor Terms and People Jane Addams – leader in the settlement house movement
settlement house – community center that provided services for the urban poor
Social Gospel – belief that following Christian principles could bring about social justice
direct primary – allowed voters to select candidates rather than having them selected by party leaders initiative – process in which citizens put a proposed new law directly on the ballot
referendum – process that allows citizens to reject or accept laws passed by their legislature
recall – process by which voters can remove elected officials from office before their terms end corrupt political machines
trusts and monopolies
women’s suffrage Progressives targeted a variety
of issues and problems: They wanted to end corruption.
They tried to make government more responsive to people’s needs.
They believed educated leaders should use modern ideas and scientific techniques to improve society. Progressives believed honest and efficient government could bring about social justice. Progressives were reformers who believed industrialization and urbanization had created social and political problems.
were mainly from the emerging middle class.
wanted to reform by using logic and reason. Progressivism was a reform movement that responded to the social challenges caused by industrialization, urbanization, and immigration in the 1890s and 1900s.
Progressives believed that honest and efficient government could bring about social justice. Terms and People Objectives Progressive Reform Lincoln Steffens
The Shame of the Cities
The Bitter Cry of the Children
The History of Standard Oil Muckrakers used investigative reporting to uncover and dramatize societal ills Jacob Riis exposed the deplorable conditions poor people were forced to live under through his photography and in How the Other Half Lives. The naturalist novel portrayed the struggle of common people. Upton Sinclair’s novel The Jungle provided a shocking look at meatpacking in Chicago’s stockyards. Theodore Dreiser
Sister Carrie - factory conditions for women
Frances Ellen Watkins
Lola Leroy - racial issues
The Octopus - tensions between farmers
and railroads Progressive novelists covered a wide range of topics: Jane Addams led the settlement house movement. Her urban community centers provided social services for immigrants and the poor. Progressive reformers worked to
change society Christian reformers’ Social Gospel demanded a shorter work day and the end of child labor. The United States Children’s Bureau was created in 1912. Progressives succeeded in reducing child labor and improving school enrollment Worker safety was an important issue for Progressives. In the 1900s, the U.S. had the world’s highest rate of industrial accidents In 1911, 146 workers died in the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire. Many young women jumped to their deaths or burned. Government couldn't be controlled by political bosses and business interests
It needed to be more efficient and accountable to the people To reform society, Progressives realized they must also reform government. Cities and states experimented with new methods of governing Two Progressive Governors, Theodore Roosevelt of New York and Woodrow Wilson of New Jersey, would become Progressive presidents. On the national level, in 1913, Progressives helped pass the 17th Amendment, providing for the direct election of United States Senators. Progressive governors achieved state-level reforms of the railroads and taxes. In Wisconsin, Governor Robert La Follette and other Progressives reformed state government to restore policial control to the people.