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Transcript of PROJECT PHE
This presentation is about minor, serious and dangerous injures, practiced and explained in water and land
PLEASE BE CAREFUL DURING THIS PRESENTATION
READ THE SING POSTS
Hard Tissue Injuries
DO NO HARM
(hot showers,baths, saunas,hot water bottles and heat rubs)
is an acronym for:
: the injured person has to stay with the injured part supported carefully.
: you should use ice or a cold pack to cool the affected area, wrap it in a damp cloth and place it in the injured area, apply the ice pack for 5\15 minutes and if is necessary reapply it for other 5\15 minutes
: Wrap a compression bandage around the injured area. This will help to support it and reduce the movement.
: raise the injured area above the level of the patient's heart.
is a basic treatment for soft tissue injuries and should be used by the first aider in the first 48-72 hours of injury
Hard tissue injuries
. They include
fractures and dislocations
( any type is bad)
(any form of massage is bad)
(at any time is bad)
Advise the patient to avoid the following for the first 48-72 hours:
A CRAMP is a painful muscle spasm. It is often caused by dehydration.
Management of a cramp while swimming
Tread water or float
Signal for help
Gently stretch the cramped muscle
It would also be best if the victim did not swim again that day
MANAGEMENT OF CRAMP ON LAND
Continue to stretch the cramped muscle
Drink plenty of fluids to rehydrate the body
and warm drinks if the cramp is caused by cold
cold drinks if the cramp is caused by heat
there are two types of fractures: open and closed ones. Open fractures can be seen through the skin. Instead, closed fractures don't damage the skin. Some
loss of function
sound of bones popping
1)Tell the patient NOT to move.
2) Immobilize the limb and the area surrounding it.
4) A qualified person may administer analgesic gas for pain relief.
Thanks for your attention and
be careful !!!!!!!!!!!!!
PLEASE TRY NOT TO BE SICK
Immobilize the limb in the position you found it. Do not attempt to reposition the dislocated joint.
Check for signs of circulation under the dislocated joint.
Treat for shock where appropriate.
A qualified person may also administer analgesic gas for pain relief
: an injury in which a bone is moved from it's normal position. A dislocation can cause considerable pain.
Sign and symptoms
Loss of function
Pain and tenderness
of a dislocation:
If there is absence of circulation it's a medical emergency.
Don't move the patient until the joint has been immobilized.
Do not move a patient with an injured hip or dislocated thigh unless it's absolutely necessary.
Do not test the function of a suspected dislocation.
Do not attempt to reposition the dislocated joint.
Do not give the injured person nothing to eat or drink.