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AMERICA IS IN THE HEART
Transcript of AMERICA IS IN THE HEART
by Carlos Bulosan
- born November 2, 1911
- went to America at the age of 17
- spent most of his childhood helping his father farm
- died in 1956 due to Bronchopneumonia
Leon returned from Europe to Mangusmana and gets married.
The townspeople discover that Leon’s wife was not a virgin.
Leon’s wife was tied to a tree and was thrown with stones and sticks by the townspeople.
Leon and Father attempted to intervene, only to get badly injured as well.
After the incident, Leon decided to sell his share of the family land.
Leon and his wife migrated to another part of Luzon to start a new life and live in peace.
Carlos / Allos (Hero)
Carlos’ Father (Mentor)
Amado stopped his schooling to help with the farming.
Hard rains were making the harvest difficult.
One cart’s worth of corn got wasted because of the rain.
Carlos’ father sold two hectares of land to give money to Macario to continue his studies.
Their family was granted some churchland to farm.
Amado had a violent outburst when they were flattening the land.
Their father saw Amado and quickly came to them, but Amado ran away into the tall grasses.
Amado returns regularly to feed Carlos and to give him stamps and magazines from his work in the presidencia.
Once, Amado came home with a big book with pictures and told Carlos he would take him (Carlos) to school with him if he learned to read that book.
Macario comes home from school. Carlos meets him for the first time.
Macario asks for more money to pay for schooling.
Their father sells their final hectare of land.
Rumors of a revolution started appearing in a nearby province south of theirs.
Bulosan explains how and why the peasants could not ascend the economic ladder.
Macario graduates and started teaching in Binalonan at a starting salary of 50 pesos a month.
Bulosan reminisces the time he and his father went hunting in the mountains and explains that he felt at peace there with his father.
Weeks after the hunting trip, a messenger came to them and told them that the churchland they were farming was no longer the property of the church but of someone rich in Manila.
Carlos’ maternal grandmother dies, and giving them some land to farm.
Carlos loses interest in farming the land because it was hard to manage. Carlos goes to binalonan to live with his mother.
Carlos works in a construction site that was working on a highway road. He gets into an accident when the river water rushed to their worksite.
After being saved by his fellow co-workers, Macario reads to Carlos about the story of Robinson Crusoe while he was sick in bed.
After his recovery, Carlos decided to help his mother in her trading business. They went around town selling beans, boggoong, and salted fish.
Once, a woman asked to dip her hands in the can of salted fish that they were selling. She was overjoyed that her mother allowed the woman to do so.
Bulosan explains the pride of the peasants.
Carlos and his mother started their trips to Puzzorobio to sell beans.
They watched the rich people in the market and marvelled at them with their fancy dresses and obedient servants, Carlos’ mother enjoyed the sights.
Once, a rich girl with two servants came to the market. She came to the market only to display her wealth. The rich girl noticed Carlos’ mother was staring at her so she went to her. The rich girl insulted Carlos’ mother and toppled their basket of beans.
Another day, it was raining hard and business was scarce. With their beans untouched they set out for binalonan with the river flooded. Because of the high waters and strong currents, the beans were spilled and was not recovered. This was the end of their trip to Puzzorobio.
They went to San Manuel to continue their business. There was one successful day when business was doing great. Carlos was intrigued by the Igorots that were in the market place.
After her mother bought the piece of cotton cloth with polka dots, they went on their way home.
His sister Irene was sick in bed. She was happy to see the cotton cloth that their mother bought for her. After a while Carlos’ sister dies.
A girl came to their house saying that she will stay there due to Macario living there. The girl was asked to leave by Macario in return after a year.
The girl came back immediately and decided to stay for good. Macario had to choose between, marrying the girl or resign from his teaching job. He didn’t want to marry the girl because if he did, he won’t be able to help the family in paying their loans. He resigned.
Carlos’ mother gave birth to a daughter named Francisca.
Carlos started climbing trees to get coconut which he sells for 5 centavos apiece.
He had an accident while climbing trees and had to go to the albolario.
Macario starts reading the Old Testament to Allos.
Macario goes to Mindanao to escape the girl. He sends money back to their mother but eventually stopped sending money.
Amado was fired in his job due to the new mayor. He tried looking for other jobs but eventually worked his way to America in a ship.
Carlos’ mother was pregnant again.
Works of Carlos Bulosan
- Letter from America, a collection of poems. 1942
- Laughter of my Father, Bulosan's claim to fame as a writer. 1943
- America is in the Heart, the book he is remembered for. 1946