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Guru Arjan Dev Ji
Transcript of Guru Arjan Dev Ji
By: Simran Saini
Guru Arjan Dev was born on April 15, 1563 in Goindval, Punjab. Being the son of Guru Ram Das Sahib Ji, Guru Arjan Dev Ji was born into loyalty and became the fifth guru.
As he grew up, his began learning languages
including: Hindi, Persian, and Sanskrit. His sheer
devotion and sacrifice to Sikhism later resulted in
a compilation of the previous gurus works and
writings. Arjan Dev developed a keen interest in Gurbani. As a child, Arjan Dev often talked of God and loved to sing His praises, as he was later given the label of "Sacha Patshah".
Arjan Dev spent 11 years of his early life under the benign grace and tender care of his maternal grandfather, Guru Amardas Ji at Goindwal. This helped the child Arjan dev in understanding and grasping the deep meanings of Gurbani.
Guru Arjan Dev Ji was very energetic and had an aspiring personality. In order to strengthen Sikhism, he toured far and wide for about five years preaching the religion throughout India. He also stayed for sometime at Wadali. Now this place is called Guru-Di-Wadali and it is near the city of Amritsar. It was here at Wadali that Guru Arjan had a son Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji in 1595.
Baba Budha Ji taught Gurmukhi script and Gurbani to Guru Arjan Dev Ji.
In 1589, Guru Arjan Dev Ji was married to Bibi Ganga Ji, daughter of Krishan Chand who lived near the Jalandhar District. At the time, Arjan Dev was 26 years old.
During his endeavors to spread Sikhism, Guru Arjan Dev Ji stayed in Wadali-- near the city of Amritsar. In Wadali, he had a child whom we widely recognize as Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji.
During the period of Guru Arjan Sahib the Amritsar city became the central institution where all the Sikhs used to gather annually on Vaisakhi and the proponents began to deposit the collected offerings from the different parts of India in Guru Sahib's treasury-- Darbar Sahib.
The Guru Granth Sahib Ji (Adi Granth) was compiled by Guru Arjan Dev ji. He undertook the difficult task of collecting, compiling, and understanding the hymns and compositions of Guru Nanak, his predecessors, and Hindu and Muslim works. The monumental task was finally completed. This first edition of the Guru Granth Sahib known at that time as Pothi Sahib was installed on a high pedestal within the Harmandir Sahib in August 1604. The Pothi Sahib could be open to reading by anyone of any caste or gender.
Amazingly enough, Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji
also organized the construction of Harmandar
Sahib-- a holy Sikh edifice-- which is now the central congregation temple for Sikhs worldwide.
Guru Arjan Dev Ji's mother was Bibi Bhani, the youngest daughter of Guru Amar Das. Guru Arjan Dev Ji was raised in his grandfather's house. Arjan Dev had two older brothers, Prithi Chand and Maha Dev. The eldest aspired through trickery to become the next guru. However, devotion and phenomenal service earned Arjan Dev the title of fifth guru.
Guru Ram Das Ji
Guru Har Gobind Sahib Ji
Guru Arjan Dev Ji repeatedly expressed his love for his son through these lines:
"My True Guru is my Savior and Protector. Showering us with His Mercy and Grace, God extended His Hand, and saved Hargobind, who is now safe and secure. The fever is gone - God Himself eradicated it, and preserved the honor of His servant. I have obtained all blessings from the Saadh Sangat, the Company of the Holy; I am a sacrifice to the True Guru." (Guru Arjan Dev, Sorath, pg. 620)
Through all the knowledge he gained in studying Sikhism, Guru Arjan Dev Ji created the Sukhmani Sahib paat.
Guru Arjan Dev Ji founded the town of Tarn Taran near Goindwal and also built a Gurdwara and a sarovar.
Tarn Taran Sahib
Guru Arjan Dev was the first Sikh martyr. A martyr
is a person who is punished by cruel death after refusing to give up his faith. He was such a noble martyr because of all the untold bodily sufferings for his cause and willingness to support his religious deities.
Guru Arjan Dev Ji
is truly known as
our Sacha Patshah.
Because Guru Arjan tried to condemn the tyrannous leaders and because he did not give us his faith, he was a true martyr. He was put to death on May 30, 1606.
The martydom of Guru Arjan Dev Ji
changed the entire character of
Sikhism, and therefore proved how
genuine and peaceful this religion can
be. His martyrdom was a turning point
in Sikhism history.