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P1- Describe the principles of fitness training

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Ashleigh Thurman-Newell

on 10 November 2015

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Transcript of P1- Describe the principles of fitness training

P1- Describe the principles of fitness training
P2/M1- describe andexplain the health and saftey considerations assosatied with excersise programmes and sessions
designed by Péter Puklus for Prezi
Explain what the fitness components are
The components of fitness are Flexibility; suppleness; strength; muscular endurance; stamina; power; aerobic endurance; speed; health related fitness (BMI, height and weight, body composition)

What types of training are there and what components of fitness it can improve?
continuous training-
Explain the principles of
training and how they can be used.
explain fitt and how it can be used
F- Frequancy
I- Intensity
Explain Smart and how it can be used
Flexibility is the ability to be able to move your body freely without any set back, by being able to move your body without strain will not only benefit your sport but your lifestyle in general
Suppleness is similar to flexibility, you have the ability to move your body freely, however having a high level of suppleness will give you a level of how angelic you are. This will also affect how freely you are able to move your body.
Strength is to be able to participate in a variety of activities with the privilege of having no struggle when the individuals are participating.
Muscular endurance-
Is the ability to move weight Bering objects repeatedly without getting tired.
Is the skills to be able to maintain physical activity over a period of time

Power is the capacity to exert maximum muscular contraction instantly in an explosive burst of movement.
Aerobic endurance-
Aerobic endurance refers to the ability of the body to continuously transport oxygen throughout its various systems for extended periods of time.
speed is the rate in which an individual is able to perform a movement or cover a distance in a period of time or how quickly an individual can move.
Health related fitness-
Body composition is the percentage of body weight that is fat, muscle or bone. cardiovasluar fitness is the abilty to exercise the whole body for long periods of time.
Continuous training is when you train continuously without a break. The training can be performed at any level of intensity. This type of training is used for endurance and stamina.
Fartlek training-
Fartlek training is a method that blends contentious training with interval training. You have to run long distance but stagger your speed so sprint for so long then jog. This is used to increase muscular endurance, stamina and strength
pyramid training-

It is used for resistant training, it is set out in the shape of a pyramid. Pyramid training is used for increasing strength.
Circuit training-
This type of training is a form of body conditioning or resistance training. I improves strength and muscular endurance.
Interval training-
Physical training that consists of high and low intensity and breaks between. This helps improve stamina and aerobic endurance.
Overload training-
Overload training is a type of fitness that can only be improved by training more than you normally do, you have to work extremely hard to achieve your goals.
Altitude training-
This type of training is the practice by most endurance athletes. By training in high altitudes is because the air is thinner.
The principles if training are things such as training programmes hat improve performance, skill and physical fitness.

A training programme is effective only when it is desgined towards individual needs. This is based on age, gender and fitness level.
How often you train
How hard you train
How long you train for
Decide which methoods of training to use
FITT can be used when working out your training programme, if you include all of the abouve you will have an effective training programme.
Specific goal
Establish a criteria
Identify your goals
Set your goals logicaly
Work out a timeline for when you will complete your goal
SMART can be used again like FITT to establish an effective training programme ensureing you set it correctly and include individual needs.
Task- produce a presentation identifying the different health and saftey considerations that must be accounted for.
Explain what PAR-q is and why it is important for both client and instructor.
PAR-Q is a questionaire that an instructor gives to their client before any type of training is to take place. The questionaire is put emplace to ensure that their client gets the most out of their training sessions. The questions include health questions as well as personal questions such as; how many times a week do you train? or how fit on a scale 1-10 do you feel you are?
Explain the importace for having correct clothing and the impact the wrong clothing can have when training.
Depending on the type of training you are doing depends on the clothes that you have to wear, also depending on the weather also depends what clothes you have to wear.

For example if you are training in a gym you should wear shorts or leggings, not denim shorts. A good clothing material is lycra as it is strechy so it moves with your body, also it traps the heat so your muscles dont get cold. Where ever it is that you are training you should always bring spare clothing things such as:
-water proofs
-spare shoes
If you wear the worng clothes when training such a jeans or the wrong footwear this will impact your training session at it would not be acceptiable for a sports leader to train someone when they are in the wrong clothing. You are ristricted with movement and could casue you to fall leading to an accident.
Provide information and guidance on water and foo intake when taking part in a physical activity session or programme
When taking part in any physical activity you need to make sure that you stay hydrated. When taking part in sport your body sweats to cool yourslef down, therefore you are losing fluids. Your job then is to ensure you re-hydrate your self by drinking water throughout your training session. You should drink 1 litre of water per 30 minutes excersie. You should bring food such as banana's, pasta anything that is slow relesing energy.
Provide information and guidance on minor injury precaution and advice on treating minor injury
When training way's to prevent injury is by warming up correctly. When warming up you should do three types of things these are:

- pulse raisers such as running or cycling
-dynamic streching these are streches whilie moving
-static streches are streches where you dont move

If you do all the above then you will be performing a full warm up preventing injury. If you are the instructor then you need to ensure that all the equiptment that you are using has been risk assesed and is safe to use, also you should do this with the area that you will be using.
discuss the importance of using equiptment correctly with good posture
Discuss the importance of working at the appropriate level has on health and saftey and psychological considerations.
It is extremly important that you are taught the correct way to peform excersies other wise this could cause injury. For example if you are lifting weights and you do it incorrectly then you could seriously injure yourslef. Lifting with your back is the correct way and you knees should be bent if you just arch your back over and pick the weight up there are mulitple things that could occour.
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