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Sexuality, Physical Activity and Hygiene

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Daniella Spooner

on 6 September 2016

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Transcript of Sexuality, Physical Activity and Hygiene

Unit 2: Sexuality and Health
Physical Activity and Pubery
What benefits can physical activity bring us?
Hygiene Habits during Puberty
These habits are FUNDAMENTAL for your health
Drugs and The Body
What do you know about drugs?
The Benefits
Physical
- Reduces cardiovascular diseases
- Controls weight gain
- Helps develop muscles and bones!

Psychological
- Makes you feel better (endorfins!)
- Higher self-esteem and self-worth

Social
- Be more independent
- Meet more people
Staying healthy!
What is a balanced diet? Write down what you think it is
Types of Physical Activities
Resistance Exercises
Speed Exercises
Strength Exercises
Flexibility Exercises
Your level of activity
Are you:
Vigorous?
Moderate?
Sedentary?

Answer the survey on page 36!
Every day:
Take a shower and rinse properly!
Brush your teeth after every meal!
Wash your hands:
Before, during, and after preparing food
Before eating food
Before and after caring for someone who is sick
Before and after treating a cut or wound
After using the toilet
After changing diapers or cleaning up a child who has used the toilet
After blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing
After touching an animal or animal waste
After handling pet food or pet treats
After touching garbage
Body odor!
Smells different depending on the person, age, gender, diet, health conditions, amount of activity and hygiene habits!
Puberty hormones stimulate your sweat glands!

Sweat + Bacteria = Body Odor!
Prevention!
Regular bathing
Antiperspirant
Antitranspirant
Clean clothes
Perfume
Teeth!
Brush after every meal (tongue included!)
Floss
Change toothbrush every three months
Go to the dentist!
At least 3 minutes per wash!

Acne!
What?
Skin pores are clogged with sebum (oil), dead skin cells and bacteria
Why?
Hormonal changes
Sweat
Increased sebum production
Bacteria
Oily cosmetics


What to do?
Wash your face twice a day
Use mild and non-drying face cleanser
Design an experiment to determine how good your hygiene is!
Legal Drugs
Tobacco
Alcohol
Restricted Medications
Caffeine
Illegal Drugs
Marijuana
Cocaine
Opioids
Crack
Ecstasy
Methanphethamines
Drugs
Natural or artificial substances that, when consumed, alter a person's natural state of mind. The body can be affected: loss of appetite, change in mood, behavior, etc.
Types of Drugs according to their Effects
Depressants
Stimulants
Hallucinogens
Decrease Nervous System activity
Drowsiness and relaxation
Confusion and loss of memory
Loss of perception
Depressants
Depressants are addictive and withdrawal symptoms include anxiety, sleeplessness, and seizures.
Marijuana
Benzodiazepines
Alcohol
Stimulants
Accelerate or stimulate the NS
Less emotional control
Euphoria, aggressiveness
Less apetite, need to sleep
Cocaine is so addictive that someone can get hooked after trying it just once.
Cocaine, Crack, Nicotine, Ecstasy, Amphetamines
Hallucinogens
Alter perception, feelings, sensations
Stimulate visual and auditory senses
Produce hallucinations
Marijuana, LSD
CONSEQUENCES
Dependance: Need to consume regularly - Anxiety, insomnia, tremors
Tolerance: Resistance
Addiction
What is withdrawal syndrome?
Withdrawal Syndrome and Detox
Emotional Withdrawal Symptoms

Anxiety
Restlessness
Irritability
Insomnia
Headaches
Poor concentration
Depression
Social isolation


Physical Withdrawal Symptoms

Sweating
Racing heart
Palpitations
Muscle tension
Tightness in the chest
Difficulty breathing
Tremor
Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea
Dangerous Withdrawal Symptoms


Some of the dangerous symptoms of alcohol
and tranquillizer withdrawal are:

Grand mal seizures
Heart attacks
Strokes
Hallucinations
Delirium tremens (DTs)
Sexuality
Different Stages of human Development
Which are the ages that correspond for each stage?
What are these stages characterized by?
What's the difference between adolescence and childhood?
Answer page 14 of your Volume 1
Human Sexuality
Puberty:
a. Social and Psychological Changes
b. Physical Changes
Primary and Secondary Sexual Characteristics
Internal reproductive organ maturation
Develop during gestation
Appear during puberty
Hormones are responsable
External signs of sexual maturation
Answer pages 18 and 19 of your Volume 1
The Human Reproductive System
The Female Reproductive System
Internal Genitals
What are the functions of each organ?
External Genitals
Protect the internal organs from infections or physical harm

The Male Reproductive System
External Genitals
Internal Genitals
Penis
Scrotum
Urethra
Seminal Vesicle
Prostate
Vas deferens
Epididymis
Testicles
Answer page 24 after writing the function of each organ in your notebooks!
Gametes: Sex Cells
Ovum
Sperm
Sex Hormones
Testosterone
Estrogen and Progesterone
The Menstrual Cycle
Human Brain
Let's read page 29
Define the following concepts
Drug Addiction: Addiction is a chronic disease characterized by drug seeking and use that is compulsive, or difficult to control, despite harmful consequences.

Drug Dependance: A state in which an organism only functions normally in the presence of the drug.

Drug Tolerance: A state in which an organism no longer responds to a drug and causes a need to increase the dose.
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