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Transcript of OPERATION CYCLONE
Operation Pluto Cont...
Operation Cyclone by Cole
During the cold war Communism started to spread throughout the middle east including to Afghanistan. Many people in Afghanistan didn't want a communist government and many different groups were formed to fight against the government. In 1979 president Carter and sightned a Presidental finding allowing money to be funded to anticommunist gorilla to fight communism in their country.
During his presidency Reagan also funded the Mujahideen to keep on fighting the the soviet union in Afghanistan, and their are reasons to believe that Osama Bin Laden was one of the Leaders of the Mujahideen. And the Weapons that we gave to the rebels are the same weapons that the Taliban and Al Queada Terroits groups are using today and the Leader of those groups Osama Bin Laden.
The five Most Interesting Missions and Wars Of The Cold War.
By Will, Spencer, Cole, Mark, Isaiah and Jason
Operation Just Cause by Spencer
Operation Pluto by will
Operation Pluto Cont..
The Leader of the Cuban anti-Castro Cuban Exiles in the United States was Jose Miro Cordana
Through Cuban intelligence, Castro learned of the guerilla training camps in Guatemala as early as October 1960, and the press reported widely on events as they unfolded.
February 1961, President Kennedy authorized the invasion plan. But he was determined to disguise U.S. support. The landing point at the Bay of Pigs was part of the deception. The site was a remote swampy area on the southern coast of Cuba, where a night landing might bring a force ashore against little resistance and help to hide any U.S. involvement.
The CIA had used obsolete World War II B-26 bombers, and painted them to look like Cuban air force planes. The bombers missed many of their targets and left most of Castro's air force intact. As news broke of the attack, photos of the repainted U.S. planes became public and revealed American support for the invasion. President Kennedy cancelled a second air strike.
On April 17, the Cuban-exile invasion force, known as Brigade 2506, landed at beaches along the Bay of Pigs and immediately came under heavy fire. Cuban planes strafed the invaders, sank two escort ships, and destroyed half of the exile's air support.
Castro ordered roughly 20,000 troops to advance forward the beach, and the Cuban Air Force Continued to control the Skies. President Kennedy sent B-26's to support Brigade 2056 but they arrived an hour late most likely because of different time zones between Nicarauga and Cuba. The B-26's were shot down by the Cubans and the Invasion was crushed later that day.
Some exiles escaped to the sea, while the rest were killed or rounded up and imprisoned by Castro's forces. Almost 1,200 members of Brigade 2056 surrendered, and more than 100 were killed.
The brigade prisoners remained in captivity for 20 months, as the United States negotiated a deal with Fidel Castro.
Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy made personal pleas for contributions from pharmaceutical companies and baby food manufacturers, and Castro eventually settled on $53 million worth of baby food and medicine in exchange for the prisoners.
The Disaster at the bay of pigs had a lasting impact on the Kennedy administration.
Almost 50 years later, relations between Cuba and the United States remain strained and tenuous.
Operation Cyclone was the most expensive CIA operation during that time. They spent nearly 700 million per year to buy weapons and supplies to fight the Soviet Union.
Our enemies in today's war used to be our allies during the cold war the Taliban was originally the Mujahideen
Korean War by Isaiah
Vietnam War by Mark and Jason
The United Sates long maintained numerous military bases throughout the canal zone to protect the American-owned Panama Canal and to maintain American Control of this strategically Important area.
The U.S had a long-standing relations with General Noriega. Noriega served as a U.S, intelligence asset to assist in the U.S. struggle against the spread of communism in Central America.
Wasn't until the United States govrnment found out that noreiga was drug trafficking and was accused of suppressing democracy in Panama and endangering U.S. nationals there was also a belief Noreiga was also siding with the Soviet Union.
In 1986, just months before the outbreak of the Iran-Contra affair, allegations arose concerning Noriega's history as a drug trafficker, money launderer, and CIA employee. Most shocking, however, were reports that Noriega had acted as a double agent for Cuba's intelligence agency and the Sandinistas.
President George H. Bush ordered additional U.S. troops to the Panama Canal Zone, and on December 16 an off-duty U.S. Marine was shot to death at a PDF roadblock. The next day, President Bush authorized "Operation Just Cause"--the U.S. invasion of Panama to overthrow Noriega. 9,000 U.S. troops joined the 12,000 U.S. military personnel already in Panama and were met with scattered resistance from the PDF.
In 1959, Fidel Castro became Dictator of Cuba after the overthrew of former Cuban Dictator Fulgencio Basista. The U.S Goverment Distrusted Castro one of the reasons was because oh Castros Relationship with Nikita Krushchev,leader of the soviet union. President Kennedy was briefed on a Plan by the C.I.A developed during the the Eisenhower administration to train Cuban exiles for an invasion on their Homeland. The Plan anticipated that the Cuban People and elements of the Cuban Military would support the Invasion.
The Main Goal of the Operation was to overthrow Fidel Castro and establish a non communists Government Friendly to the United States.
After the mission was approved the C.I.A set up training camps in Guatemala, and by November the Operation had trained a small army of Guerilla Warfare and Assault Landing.
In the North, the Soviets backed a Stalinist regime under their client Kim Il-sung and created the North Korean Peoples' Army, equipped with Russian tanks and artillery. In the South, the chaotic political situation resulted in an American-backed administration under the presidency of Syngman Rhee, whose openly declared aim was the imposition of national unity by force. As a result of this stance, the American-trained South Korean army was limited to a lightly armed gendarmerie, lacking tanks, combat aircraft and all but a small amount of field artillery.
The Korean War began when soldiers from the North Korean People’s Army poured across the 38th parallel, the boundary between the Soviet- Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to the north and the pro-Western Republic of Korea to the south. This invasion was the first military action of the Cold War, By July American troops had entered the war it was a war against the forces of international communism itself.
After two or three years of fighting the war's unpopularity played an important role in the presidential victory of Dwight D. Eisenhower, who had pledged to go to Korea to end the war. Negotiations broke down four different times, but after much difficulty and nuclear threats by Eisenhower, an armistice agreement was signed (July 27, 1953).
After the fall of Dien Bien Phu in 1954. Trumans successor, president Dwight D. Elsenhower, gave a speech that would soon become famous and important as an outline of U.S. cold war policy. In the speech , Eisenhower drew on Kennan's previously articulated containment policy but went a step further in describing what became known as the domino theory. Eisenhower started that the United States needed not only to contain the USSR at critical locations, for if one nation became Communist, its neighbors were likely to turn Communist as well. Directly U.S. ground forces where gradually withdrawn as a part of a policy known as Vietmanese which aimed to the end of American involvement in the war. Military involvement ended August 15 1973 as a result of the case church amendment passed by the U.S. congress. The Vietnam War began in 1955 and ended in 1975 when North Vietnamese forces captured Saigon. During this period, the war escalated from an insurgency in South Vietnam sponsored by the North Vietnamese government to direct military intervention in the south by North Vietnam, as well as the active participation of military forces of the United States and other countries. The war also spilled over into the neighbouring countries of Cambodia and Laos. An exhaustive reckoning of the total casualties must include statistical information available for each theater of the war. The Republic of Vietnam was where most of the fighting took place, and it accordingly suffered most from the war. The cold war effected the media in many good ways for examples movies,books,and other media. A couple are from 1948-1964 the first is City of Fear,Invasion USA,DOA,Rocketship X-M,The Third Man and etc...... Especially some the soldiers who made it out decided to write books on their experience on how intense it was.
The PDF was crushed, and the United States held most of the country. Endara was made president by U.S. forces, and he ordered the PDF dissolved ,Noriega was arrested by U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency agents. The U.S. invasion of Panama cost the lives of only 23 U.S. soldiers Some 150 PDF soldiers were killed along with an estimated 500 Panamanian civilians.
Noriega was found guilty on eight counts of drug trafficking, racketeering, and money laundering, marking the first time in history that a U.S. jury convicted a foreign leader of criminal charges. He was sentenced to 40 years in federal prison.
Manuel Noriega is still serving his 40 year sentence now as we believe.
Operation Just Cause
There are many government operations and wars that happened during the cold war era but we believed these were the most interesting to us and we had fun showing you our project hope you enjoyed it as much as we did thank you!