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Antebellum Timeline

A timeline of the events leading up to the Civil War, beginning with the Missouri Compromise

Keela Garrett

on 3 March 2011

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Transcript of Antebellum Timeline

Antebellum Timeline A timeline of events leading up to the Civil War 1. 1820 Missouri Compromise Admitted Missouri as a slave state
Admitted Maine as a free state
Slavery could not expand beyond the
Southern border of Missouri -Henry Clay
-Increased Sectionalism 2. 1832 Tariff of 1832 On manufactured goods from Europe
Made European goods expensive
"Tariff of Abominations" - John C. Calhoun
- Henry Clay
- Daniel Webster
- Nullification Crisis 3. 1850 Compromise of 1850 California admitted as a free state
New Mexico has no restrictions on slavery
New Mexico-Texas border settled
Slave trade abolished in D.C.
Fugitive Slave Law - John C. Calhoun
- Daniel Webster
- Henry Clay 4. 1850 Fugitive Slave Act Return runaway slaves to the South
Led to the capture of free African Americans
South believed it would make the North recognize their rights as states
Convinced the North of the evils of slavery - Underground Railroad
- Sectionalism 5. 1852 Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe
Depicted the horrors of slavery - North Reaction
- South Reaction 6. 1854 Uncle Tom's Cabin Kansas-Nebraska Act Nullified the Compromise of 1850
Kansas and Nebraska vote on the slavery issue - Stephen F. Douglas
- Popular Sovereignty Era of Good Feelings Sectionalism Era of Good Feelings Sectionalism Era of Good Feelings Sectionalism Sectionalism Era of Good Feelings 7. 1855 Bleeding Kansas 1,500 voters - 6,000 people cast votes
Border Ruffians
2 governments in Kansas - Sectionalism
- President Pierce and Congress 9. 1856 Harper's Ferry Raid "John Brown Raid"
Raided a federal arsenal
Commited abolitionist
Captured and hanged for treason - South's reaction
- North's reaction 8. 1856 The Dred Scott Decision Dred Scott sued for his freedom
He had once lived on free soil
Supreme Court ruled - "... enslaved African Americans were property, not citizens, and thus had no rights under the Constitution." - Sectionalism 10. 1860 Election of 1860 Abraham Lincoln - Republican Party
Stephen Douglas - N. Democratic Party
John C. Breckinridge - S. Democratic Party
Lincoln won - 180 out of 303
Soon after his election South Carolina started the domino effect of secession - How did Lincoln win?
- Secession fever
Dissolution of the Union Tariff of 1832 Underground Railroad Routes Uncle Tom's Cabin Fugitive Slave Act
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