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SINDHU A/P SASIDARAN
NUR ZAHIRAH BT YUNUS
LAI WUI CHUNG MALAYSIA : UNITY IN DIVERSITY Unity is uniformity Objectives :-
one language and
*the perfect community but never be true Malaysia managed to achieve the level of middle-income
countries in less than 50 years Takrifan Autoriti dan Takrifan Harian POTRAIT OF ETHNIC RELATIONS
IN MALASIA peaceful condition had form a stable
politic, economy and harmonies society. The unity governance in this nation has contributed to a social cohesion among the society as the elementary to stability and also peace. stability and peace that we have achieved has been recognized by Global Peace Index which ranked Malaysia as the 20th most peaceful country in the world. Malaysia is the only "heterogenous" country with the multi ethnic demographic composition that is in the top list. Dominant ethnic dominates the minority ethnic. Ethnic difference will create competition between ethnic groups and extinction in ethnic features may occur. There's a view where a society that has the composition of
culture, language, religion like in Malaysia will be separated
and have isolated ethnic groups. ETHNIC RELATIONS FROM THE CONFLICT PERSPECTIVE The mass media often publish ethnic relations in Malaysia in a
narrow perspective arousing ethnic or religious sentiments
in news reports. As a nation with vast demographic distribution yet advanced and developing still, Malaysia is a nation respected by the others. THANK YOU! :) ALTERNATIVE VIEW TO UNDERSTAND ETHNIC RELATIONS IN MALAYSIA Most studies of ethnic relations in Malaysia using conflict paradigm to analyze and understand every problem that exists in society. using negative concept to understand the problems of ethnic relations leads to a tendency to arose the issue in binary or conflict. The view through the various sides of a social category with the other social categories. These categories are fluid and opt to variation and changes with no permanent and rigid regulations. Conflict paradigm views analyzes social life as a simple issues whereas in reality it is a rather difficult and complex matter. FROM THE POINT OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY ' sense of oneness' that cross physical and psychological separation, covering all the metaphysical context. From antropologi-sosiologi perspective conclusions about how people organize and manage social differences that exist among them From ontologikal perspective The important of managing and organizing the differences to create peaceful and stable community Stable but strained era
(1961-1970) Social integration era
(1971-2011) Conflict era (1945-1960) 16 ogos 1945
(14 days) Bintang tiga
Jookidam 13 mei 1969 "Pilihan Raya Umum 1969“ad Perikatan(1974) Persekutuan Tanah Melayu Perjanjian Persekutuan 1948 Malayan Union Darurat Communities Liaison Committee (CLC) Takrifan Autoriti
tend to something that is fixed and it’s border cannot be change. Eg:
definition of Malay in Artikel 160 Perlembagaaan Persekutuan is fixed. Every Malay are believe in Islam, speak in Malay and practice Malay customs.
may become a problem to some of the Malays (especially from upper and medium class of society who are speaking in English)
They are still Malay although the always speak in English Takrifan Harian
is not fixed. Different from takrifan autoriti
takrifan harian from community is more flexible and has
accommodation among the community to ensure they live without
become the main guidance to identify the form, stage, level and intensity ethnic relation that exist in some places and community of Malaysia. eg: (takrifan autoriti) Malay in Malaysia must believe in Islam that is from the Sunnah-Wal Jamah
(takrif harian) Malay in Malaysia may practice the believe of Syriah ACCOMODATION A process each ethnic group will respect the other ethnic group.
each ethnic group will adapt to the situation where different ethnic group can live together harmony and respect each other.
Formula A+B+C= A+B+C(culture) Era conflict
(1945-1960) ACCULTURATION The process of receiving elements of culture among individuals or groups from other cultures.
Happen when a group of people with certain culture is exposed to other culture from other ethnic group and final they accept the culture.
Different from assimilation. The original culture will remain.
Formula A + B+ C= A** + B**+ C** (A**,B**,C** refer to the culture that are being accepted)
eg: - wearing of baju kurung among woman of non- malay
- giving out ang pau on Hari Raya Aidilfitri Amalgamation process where cultures are mix together to become a new cultures
Formula : A + B + C = D (A,B,C are 3 different ethnic group, D is amalgam – combination of A,BC )
Happen when marriage between people of different ethnic group. ASSIMILATION Combination between ethnic groups of different cultures
Formula : A + B + C = A (A, dominant group, B,C, minor group)
Culture Assimilation – minority group learn the culture of dominate group such as language, dress and custom
Structure Assimilation – member from minority group success to join into the social activity of majority group.
Eg : Baba & Nyonya, Chinese in Kelantan, Malay in Thailand A perspective through the perspective of conflict became popular and strong after the onset of Events May 13 A perspective through conflict is a legacy of colonial knowledge formation Opinion of someone through their own eyes expressed through books, journals or academic presentation. According to research carried out, the theory of the glasses themselves, tend to highlight the elements of conflict. Perspectives on Conflict Ethnic relations from the Perspective of Social Integration Mutual relationships