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Florence Nightingale

The most awesome lady in the world!
by

Lauren & Courtney

on 12 May 2011

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Transcript of Florence Nightingale

Florence Nightingale Who was she? She was famous for reshaping sanitation methods in hospitals. Nightingale was also famous for using statistical analysis. Early life Florence was named after the city in which she was born: Florence, Italy. She was the daughter of William and Frances Shore. P.S.
Her father changed his last name to "Nightingale" upon inheriting his Uncle Peter Nightingale's fortune. Florence was born on May 12, 1820. Today would have been her 191st birthday!! Happy Birthday, Florence! Florence's Influences Florence's father, William, believed women should be educated; this, in part, was what led Florence and her sisters to learn: Italian, Latin, Greek, history, and mathematics. _ _ _ _ _ _ Elizabeth Blackwell was a huge influence to Florence career-wise. As a nurse, Blackwell overcame significant challenges, and became the first woman doctor in the United States. Florence met this influencial lady at St. Bartholomew's Hospital. This inspired Florence to pursue a career in the medical field (which her father also encouraged, as he allowed her to attend nurse training. The Crimean War The hospital's sanitation methods were horrible. Kept in their
dirty uniforms, soldiers were provided poor nutrition
and inadequate sleeping conditions. Florence studied nursing in Germany at the Institute of Protestant Deaconesses. She worked at a hospital there. She then was able to work at an army hospital in Turkey while the Crimean War was taking place. Nightingale volunteered to go to Turkey after Mary Seacole's request to work as a nurse was accepted. At first, Seacole's request was denied, but the government decided this would be better, as many soldiers were dying of cholera. In her time, schooling and intelligence were considered unnecessary for a nursing career. In fact, nurising and prostitution were seen as being on the same "level." However, injuries were responsible for
only 1/6 of deaths; the major cause was
disease. Cholera
Dysentery
Typhus The Legend Begins Florence's revulsion of the
hospital's conditions began what would become one of her life-long accomplishments. When the doctors wouldn't help, she went to The Times to express her concerns. Florence's desire to
improve the hospital's conditions was taken as a professional insult by the doctors. Through her connections, John Delane (editor of The Times) managed to
get Florence the opportunity to improve the unsanitary conditions. The publicity worked and soon Florence was sent to help with the aftermath of the battle of Inkerman. There, she arranged and supervised the hospital barracks, improving the injured soldiers’ survival rate by refining the hospital’s cleanliness. Afterwards, Florence Nightingale’s name rises to fame among soldiers and civilians alike. Again horrified by the unfitting conditions of military hospitals, Nightingale returned home to start the promotion of military nursing quality. Soon, the Nightingale Training School was established for nurses, paid for by a “Nightingale fund.” Today, the Florence Nightingale
School of Midwifery and
Nursing is a part of King's
College London. It is ranked as the
#1 nursing school
in London. It is said that this school was the only type of
recognition Nightingale was willing to accept
in return for her goodwill. The original nursing school was actually
opened at St. Thomas Infirmary, supervised by
Mrs. Wardroper. Coincidentally, Mrs. Wardroper was not a formally educated nurse. Nightingale's Health In 1855, Nightingale contracted Crimean Fever, which may have caused her to suffer from irregular fevers, cold chills, aches, sweating, and/ or depression. Crimean Fever has the ability to reoccur throughout life once a person is infected. Once she fell ill, Nightingale never completely recovered. In 1857, Nightingale began suffering from post traumatic stress disorder. As a result, her fast-paced campaign for
justice slowed down and she remained
bedbound. Although slowed down by PTSD, Nightingale continued to
carry out her work. In August of 1886, she once again falls deathly sick, rendering her unable to walk. But despite her hindrances, she continues her work of bettering the nursing career for women. Florence's childhood was mostly spent ill, and this strongly influenced her passion and strong desire to help others who were sick In 1864, Nightingale made several
contributions to charity, facilitating
hospitals (for both the insane and sick),
a nursing organization for home care,
and further established housing for the
soldiers who were married. Florence also had the privilege to meet with Queen Victoria and Prince Albert to convince them to make changes in the medical field. :D O A Legacy Continued _ - _ - _ - _ - _ - _ "Nursing is an art,
and if it is to be made an art, it requires as exclusive a devotion,
as hard a preparation, as any painter's or sculptor's work;
for what is the having to do with dead canvas or cold marble,
compared with having to do with the living body-
the temple of God's spirit?
It is one of the Fine Arts;
I had almost said, the finest of the Fine Arts." Florence once said: Florence's initiative inspired a group of modern individuals to create the Nightingale Home Care service. Florence has been known as the "Lady of the Lamp." She used to be the only female able to walk around the hospital at night (about eight o clock and after). Thus, the name, Lady of the Lamp. Three years later, Nightingale focused on improving the probability of successful childbirth and refining the sanitation in rural areas. She expressed her concerns for the widespread illnesses, poor water quality, lack of adequate housing, and sanitation control regarding livestock compost. In 1896, Florence Nightingale fell ill once again, ultimately put on permanent bed rest. Her health continues to deteriorate until she becomes incapable of reading or writing. Towards the end of her life, she also becomes incapable of speaking. Three years before her death, Florence Nightingale is given the
Order of Merit by King Edward VII, becoming the first ever
female to receive it. After much illness, ninety-year-old Florence Nightingale fell asleep on August 13, 1910 and didn’t awake. The only writing on her tombstone is:
“F.N. Born 1820. Died 1910.” Her book, "Notes on Nursing", focused on taking precautions as a nurse. She explained that it was more important to put the needs and comfort of a patient before anything else, and she also expressed that it was better to promote healthiness as opposed to restoring it (which she believed should be done as naturally as possible). "If a patient is cold, if a patient is
feverish, if a patient is faint, if he
is sick after taking food, if he has
a bed-sore, it is generally the fault
not of the disease, but of the
nursing." --Excerpt from "Notes on Nursing" Nightingale had a pet owl, who she had named “Athena.” Athena is the Greek goddess of wisdom and war. Owls are typically symbolic of protection or intelligence. To cheer her up, Parthenope (Florence’s little sister) wrote a book about Athena when Florence fell ill during the Crimean war. At one point of her many bouts of sickness, Nightingale had to be carried wherever she wanted to go. She also became blind, and had to have full-time medical care. Designed the Polar-Area Diagram, which intentionally
exaggerated the issues regarding the deaths of soldiers
during the Crimean War. Each section represents a
month of the year. Blue sections represent deaths by disease
Pink represent deaths from wounding
Black represents deaths from other causes
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