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Diabetes

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by

Liliana Morales

on 18 September 2013

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Transcript of Diabetes

This common form of diabetes is usually diagnosed in adults and the elderly. In some people the body is able to make insulin but the body fails to recognize it. Resulting in a decrease in insulin production. In other people there is an insufficient amount of insulin produced.
Type 1
Affects about 5% of children and young adults. This form of diabetes results from the bodies inability to produce insulin which is a hormone used in the body to convert sugars (glucose), starches, and certain foods into energy.
Prognosis:
People with type 1 diabetes can live long and healthy lives if they learn how to control and manage their glucose levels.
Medications:
Since the body can not produce insulin the only way to treat it is to inject insulin on a daily basis
Pregnant women in their third trimester will usually develop this form of diabetes but they wont develop it after the baby is delivered. Gestational diabetes effects about 18% of pregnant women.
Risk factors for this form of diabetes:
if you had any previous pregnancy in which diabetes was diagnosed.
overweight.
over 25 years of age
history of diabetes
are african american, Hispanic, American Indian, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander
have HIV
Your health professional while may performed a glucose test to screen for gestational diabetes.
Complication may include:
higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes
delivering a large baby
the need for a c-section which may take longer for a person to recuperate.
baby may suffer some trauma if they are big
the baby may have a low blood sugar lever
Symptoms
An increase in thirst compared to a person who doesn't have diabetes.
People with this disease usually urinate often
Excessive hunger beyond what is normal
Weight lost
A person may feel tired
There may be a change in vision
Wounds and infections take longer to heal.
It causes the skin to become itchy
Abnormal blood sugar levels range from 100 and 125 mg/dl.
Treatments
Medications such as Metformin (Glucophage), Repaglinide (Prandin), or Januvia (Sitagliptin).
Monitoring Glucose levels to find out whether your blood sugar is low or high
Hypoglycemia: low blood sugar which is noticed when a person sweating, nervous, hungry, dizzy, confuse, heartache and blurred vision.
Hyperglycemia: high blood sugar which produces symptoms of dry mouth, urge to urinate constantly, blurred vision fatigue or weight lost.
Changing your diet by eating the right foods.
Exercise
Weight lost is important to reduce fat in the body.
Educating patient on diabetes
People with type 1 diabetes may require insulin to Maintain to diabetes. Not all people with type 2 diabetes will need to take insulin.
Also known as diabetes mellitus is characterized by the bodies inability to make or use insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas which is needed to absorb glucose. The exact causes of diabetes is unknown but tends to run in families. Individuals may inherit a predisposition to the disease but environmental factors such as obesity, eating unhealthy and not exercising may develop diabetes. The are two ways the body prepares itself to receive glucose. First the body uses receptors to allow for the introduction of insulin. Second insulin is needed to unblock those rectors so glucose can enter the body. If glucose isn't absorbed by the body the cells begin to die because they lack energy.
Type II
Gestational
Complications
Diabetic neuropathy
Sexual dysfunction in men
Decrease in sexual arousal and painful intercourse in women.
Nerves that leads to the heart may be damaged
Arteriosclerosis
Peripheral artery disease
Kidney disease
Eye diseases such as Glaucoma, Cataracts, Retinopathy which includes both nonproliferative and proliferative.
Hearing lost
Full transcript