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Drugs and Alcohol during pregnancy

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Eliana Lujan

on 14 August 2015

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Transcript of Drugs and Alcohol during pregnancy

Pregnancy is delicate phase of great physical, psychological and emotional change for women. Changes start from the size of her belly to the heart rate which changes over the pregnancy to childbirth. This happens due to hormonal changes and also the physical changes of carrying extra body weight due to the pregnancy. Pregnant women are expecting to some changes like new bras size, find ways to relieve swollen ankles, sometimes be out of breath after climbing a flight of stairs.
Reasons why pregnant women consume drugs
Pregnancy and drugs
More than 50% of pregnant women take prescription or nonprescription drugs. Using drugs, alcohol, or tobacco during pregnancy exposes not just the woman but also her developing fetus to the substance, chemicals and can have damages and even long-term effects in the baby.



Pregnancy and body
Effects of drugs to the fetus
Pregnant women who takes drugs during pregnancy can affect the fetus in several ways:

Drugs acts directly on the fetus, causing damage such as abnormal development causing birth defects including death.

Drugs can make changes in the function of the placenta like causing blood vessels contract making it narrow leading reduction of oxygen and nutrients to the fetus from the mother. As a result, the baby can be born underweight and underdeveloped.

Drugs can cause the muscles of the uterus to contract forcefully which indirectly it can injure the fetus by reducing its blood supply and causing early labor and delivery.


effects of alcoholism to the fetus
The alcohol ingested by the mother goes to the fetus though the placenta. it can cause damage to the fetus such as:

Intellectual disability
heart defects
cleft palate
defects of the face, fingers, arms and legs.
Effects of smoking to the fetus.
Smoking during pregnancy affects mother and baby's health before, during, and after child's birth:
Lower the amount of oxygen available to you and your growing baby.
Increase your baby's heart rate.
Increase the chances of miscarriage and stillbirth.
Increase the risk that baby is born premature and born with low birth weight.
Increase baby's risk of developing respiratory problems.
Increases risks of birth defects.
Increases risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.
Who uses drugs and alcohol during pregnancy
Base on the data from the National survey on drug use and health (NSDUH):

substance abuse during pregnancy varies by race and ethnicity.
Women between the aged 15-44:
African american pregnant women have a higher use of illicit drugs than white and hispanic pregnant women.
white pregnant women have a higher consumption of alcohol and cigarettes than african american and hispanic pregnant women.
Your Body during Pregnancy
Drugs and baby
Stereotyping of drugs and alcohol during pregnancy
Illicit Drugs and Alcohol during pregnancy
Solutions and treatments
Is never too late to start treatment for drug addiction and alcohol during pregnancy. Women can see a qualified health care provider as soon as possible and discuss your drug use with him or her. The medical professional will want to give you support and provide you with the appropriate resources to help you stop using drugs. Also there are support groups such as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), Narcotics Anonymous, and Cocaine Anonymous. There are also drug treatment centers and clinics, social and family service agencies, hospitals and mental health centers, and alcoholism and drug abuse counselors.
Some fetal defects include:

Types of illicit drugs and effects during pregnancy
How are the drugs transfer to the fetus

Drugs and alcohol cross the placenta through the umbilical cord (connection between mother and fetus.) Drugs in the mother's blood can cross the placenta membrane to the blood vessels and pass through the umbilical cord to the fetus.
Social pressure.
it's part of their social circle or the social class.
self centered and are not willing to make the life changes for the health of their child.
lack of education:
they don't know harmful effects these habits have on their unborn child
stress in their life which is relieve by consuming drugs to forget reality.
Marijuana
Known as wees, pot, or grass
Marijuana increases carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide.
Marijuana crosses the placenta to the baby which transfer toxins that keeps the fetus from getting oxygen supply in order to grow during pregnancy.
Baby can develop breathing problems and more susceptible to more illness than regular children.
Cocaine
After cocaine is transfer to the fetus through the placenta, the elimination of cocaine is slower than in regular adults.
cocaine can cause placenta ruption which means severe bleeding causing preterm birth and fetal death.
babies may have birth defects such as:
smaller head.
growth restricted
withdrawal syndrome such as tremors.
feeding difficulties
muscle spasms
organ defects:
genitals, kidneys and brain.
Heroin
Heroin is addictive drug which can cause the fetus dependent on the drug.
Damages to the baby include:
low blood sugar
breathing difficulties
bleeding in the brain
infant death
premature birth
poor growth
special care and medicine to the baby withdrawal due to addiction.
LSD and Methamphetamine
LSD are hallucinogens
it can cause irreversible damages such as:
poor muscle control
brain damage
low birth weight
Methamphetamine is related to amphetamine which causes increase of heart rate in the mother and baby
Methamphetamine has similar results to cocaine during pregnancy.
babies addictive to the drug has long term disabilities such as :
learning difficulties.
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)
its refer to a disorder cause by drinking alcohol during pregnancy
FAS may cause to the baby:
abnormal facial features
problems with CNS
learning disabilities
vision and hearing problems
growth deficiency.
Perinatal cocaine exposure
Pregnant women consume cocaine during pregnancy.
can cause damage to the baby like:
smaller head
small jaw and lips
developmental delays
cerebral infarction at birth
abnormal neonatal behavior
fine motor skills delay
low birth weight.
Born Addicted
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