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The History of Graphic Design

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Claire Case

on 28 April 2015

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Transcript of The History of Graphic Design

c 3500 BCE
c 3600 BCE

c 3100 BCE
c 2900 BCE

c 2750 BCE
c 3100 BCE
Sumerians settle
in Mesopotamia
c 3200 BCE
Menes, first pharaoh,
unites Egypt
c 2500 BCE
c 2600 BCE
c 2345 BCE
c 2000 BCE
c 1800 BCE
c 1739 BCE
c 1500 BCE
1500 BCE
Hieratic Scripts
Formal land-sale contracts
written in cuneiforms
Wedge-shaped cuneiform
Pyramid texts in tomb
of Unas
Early Sumerian pictographic
scripts on clay tablets
King Zet’s ivory tablet,
Earliest Egyptian
pictographic writing
Blau Monument combines
images and early writing
c 1420 BCE
c 1300 BCE
Papyrus of Ani
Scarab of Ikhnaton
ad Nefertiti
c 1000 BCE
c 600 BCE
Oracle bone writing
Legendary Ts’ang
Chieh
invents writing
Early Cretan pictographs,
Phaistos Disk
Early surviving
papyrus manuscripts
Early Cylinder Seals
Early Book of the Dead
papyrus scrolls
Iron widely used for
weapons and tools
Aramaic Script
Nebuchadnezzar builds
the Tower of Babel
c 1100 BCE
c 800 BCE
c 1930 - 1880 BCE
Law Code of Hammurabi
1500 BCE
Ras Shamra
script
551 BCE
516 BCE
c 528 BCE
Confucius is born
Siddhartha Gautama
becomes the
supreme Buddha
Israelites return from
Babylonian exile
447-432 BCE
429 BCE
332-330 BCE
Parthenon built
in Athens
Sophocles’ Tragedy Oedipus Rex
c 400 BCE
Alexander the Great
conquers Egypt
Demotic Script
c 250 BCE
300 BCE
Euclid’s geometry
323 BCE
Alexander the Great
dies in Babylon
Small-seal Calligraphy
c 221 BCE
44 BCE
Julius Caesar assassinated
c 197 BCE
c 190 BCE
c 105 BCE
29 BCE
Vergil’s Georgics
Ts’ai Lun invents
paper
c 100 CE
c 165 CE
c 200 - 500 CE
c 300 CE
Roman Square capitals and rustic capitals
Chops are used as identifying seals; chops used in Han Dynasty
The History of Graphic Design
c 114 CE
c 200 CE
Classical Antiquity
425 CE
Vatican Vergil
330 CE
Constantine moves Roman Capital to Constantinople
c 500 CE
c 500 CE
Unical lettering flourishes
Early Arabic Alphabet
570 CE
Birth of
Muhammad
c 600 CE
c 680 CE
Book of Durrow
c 698 CE
751 CE
c 770 CE
c 800 CE
c 1000 CE
800 CE
Charlemagne
crowned emperor
c 800 CE
Coronation Gospels
Book of Kells
781 CE
Alcuin establishes school at Aachen
781 CE
Caroline miniscule is developed

Insular Script
Lindisfarne Gospels
Arabs learn papermaking from Chinese prisoners
Early datable Chinese relief printing; printed Buddhist charms
Regular – Style calligraphy
Trajan’s Column
Parchment used for manuscripts
Pompeiian wall writing
Rosetta Stone
Shih Huang-ti unites China: the Great Wall underway
Early Greek Alphabet
c 250 CE
Greek Unicals
868 CE
Diamond Sutra
Chinese calligraphy printed with perfection
1095 - 1099 CE
c 1150 CE
c 1040 CE
c 1000 CE
Gunpowder in
use in China
c 1000 CE
Naskhi
becomes dominate
Arabic alphabet
Pi Sheng invents movable type
in China
First Crusade
Compass is
invented
1163 CE
Notre Dame Cathedral begun in Paris
1209 CE
Cambridge University founded
1215 CE
c 1265 CE
King John signs
Magna Carta
Douce Apocalypse
c 1265 CE
Marco Polo travels
to China
1276 CE
1306 CE
Giotto completes
the Arena Chapel frescoes
1321 CE
1387 CE
c 1300 CE
Ormesby Psalter
1300 CE
Relief Printing on
Textiles in Europe
Paper mill
Fabriano, Italy
Dante completes
The Divine Comedy
Chaucer begins The Canterbury Tales
c 1413 - 1416
Les tres riches heures
du duc de Berry
1320 CE
Firearms used in
Europe
1348 CE
Black Death
decimates
Florence, Italy
c 1423
c 1450
Saint Christopher, Early dated wood block print
Hangul, Korean
alphabet
Printing with movable type in Germany
c 1446
c 1450
Gutenberg perfects typographic printing: the Master of
the Playing Cards perfects copperplate engraving
c 1457
Fust and Schoeffer, Psalter in Latin with two colored
printed initials
c 1455
Gutenberg and Fust complete 42 - line bible
c 1460
Block books in use
in the Netherlands
c 1460
Pfister, First printed book with Illustrations
1462
Mainz, Germany, sacked
by Adolf of Nassau
1468
Gutenberg dies
1465
Sweynheym and
Pannartz, first Italian Printing Press:
first printed music
de Spira, first
printing press
in Venice
1469
1470
Jenson's roman typeface
1470
Freiburger, Gering,
and Kranz, first printing
press in France
1476
Ratdolt, Calendarium has first complete title page
1492
Columbus sails
to America
Caxton, first English- language typographic book
1475
Washington Haggadah
c 1478
Reuwich illustrates trip
to Holy Land
1486
1484
Koberger publishes the Nuremburg Chronicle
1493
1494
Manutius establishes
The Aldine Press
in Venice
1494
France invades Italy
Griffo designs
and cuts Bembo type
for Manutius
1501
Griffo designs and
cuts first Italic type
for Manutius
pocket book
Durer, The Apocalypse
1503
Leonardo Di Vinci,
Mona Lisa
1512
Michaelangelo
completes Sistine
Chapel Ceiling
1509
1503
Geoffroy Tory
returns to France
from Italy
1517
Luther launches
the Reformation
1514 - 1517
de Brocar, Polygot Bible
Botticelli,
Birth of Venus
1495
1498
1527
1522
1522
The History of Graphic Design
Henry VIII becomes
King of England
Magellan's expedition circumnavigates
the globe
Arrighi's writing manual
French Army
Sacks Rome
Tory, first Book of Hours
1525
1528
Albrecht Durer
dies
1529
Tory, Champ Fleury
1530
Garamond establishes
an independent type foundry
1534
Luther's First German
Language Bible
1538
First printing press
in Mexico
1555
Plantin establishes his
press at Antwerp
1557
Granjon, Civilit type
1561
Kerver, French version
of Poliphili
1569-1572
Plantin Polygot Bible
1569
Mercator, modern cartography
1594
Shakespeare,
Romeo and Juliet
1605
Cervantes, Don Quixote;
Shakespeare, Macbeth
1621
Weekly Newes, First
English Newspaper
1640
Daye, Whole Booke of Psalmes
1667
Schipper, Calvin's
Commentary
1682
Moronobu, Young Man with
Two Courtesans
1689
Peter the Great
becomes the czar
of Russia
Influence of the Silk Road
Confucian classics carved in stone
Medieval Era

Renaissance
1702
Louis XIV Commissions to Romain du Roi
First Book Printed with Romain du Roi

1700
1722
Caslon, First Caslon Old Style font
Bach, Brandenburg Concertos
1692
The Age
of Enlightenment
1721
Sewall, The Selling of Joseph, First American Pamphlet protesting slavery
1740
Masanobu, linear perspective
in ukiyo-e prints
1742
1760
Baskerville, Vergil
George III becomes
King of England
1757
1765
Harunobu, Multi-color ukiyo-e prints
1764
Fournier le Jeune, Manuel Typographique
1769
Watt patents steam engine
1770
Boston
Massacre
1774
Louis XVI becomes
King of France
1771
Luce, Essai d’une
Nouvell Typographique
American Declaration
of Independence
1776
1784
Didot, True Modern Style Type
c 1790
Bedoni, Typefaces bearing his name
Blake, Songs of Innocence
1789
Washington
becomes 1st US
President
1789
1790
Swift, Gulliver’s
Travels
1726
1737
John Pine,
Opera Horatii
c 1765
Cotterell, 12-line pica type
1789
French Revolution
Begins, Bastille
Stormed
Bewich, General
History of Quadrupeds
1796
Senefelder invents lithography
1799
1793
Louis XVI beheaded
Late 1700’s
1804
Utamaro, portraits of courtesans
Lord Stanhope,
cast iron press
Napoleon crowned emperor
1800
1814
Koenig steam
powered press
1818
Bedoni, Manuel tipograpfico
1818
Thorne, First Fat-Face Type
1816
Caslon, first Sans-Serif type
1815
Figgins, First Egyptian type
Monroe Doctrine
Henry, First
electric motor
1831
1826
Niepce, First photograph from nature
1830-32
Hokusai, Thirty-Six Views
of Mt. Fuji
Berthold, Akzidenz Grotesk
1834
Democratic
Party formed
1828
1833
Figgins, 2 line Pearl,
outline
Napoleon rules
France
Industrial Revolution
1808
Beethoven Fifth Symphony

1821
Champollion deciphers hieroglyphics
1823
Victorian Era
Braille writing
system for blind
1834
1835
Talbot, first photographic
negative
Daguerre announces
the Daguerreotype progress
1839
1843
Buford, Boston lithography firm
1843-1845
Hill and Adamson, early portrait photography
1844
1847
Morse, telegraph
Hoe, Rotary
Lithographic Press
Pickering, The Elements of Euclid
1846
1850s- 1860s
Woodtype posters
dominate the
hoardings
1848
Marx, the Communist Manifesto
1856
Prang opens Boston lithography firm
c 1856-1859
Hiroshige, Evening Squall at Great Bridge
near Atake
1859
Darwin, The Origin
of Species
1862
Nast joins
Harper’s Weekly
1861
U.S. Civil War
Begins
Crane, His first children’s book
1865
1866
Cheret, La biche au
bois poster
1869
Suez Canal
opens
O’Sullivan geological expedition
1867-1869
Woodtype posters
begin to decline as
lithography becomes
dominant
1870s
1876
1874
Prang, first
American
Christmas card
1851
Melville, Moby Dick
Paxton, Crystal
Palace
1852
1861
Morris opens art decorating firm
Lincoln
Assassinated
1865
1874
Tiffany opens
glassworks
Bell, Telephone
Fournier le Jeune, Modeles des characteres de l’imprimeri
c 15,000 BCE - 10,000 BCE
Cave Paintings at Lascaux
1880
Horgan, experimental half-tone screen
1880's
Dry plates replace
wet plates
1879
Greenaway, Under the Window
1881
1883
Barnum and Bailey Circus
Century Guild is formed
Mackmurdo, Wrens City Churches title page
1882
1883
Grasset, Histoire des quatre
fils Aymon
1885
Ives, Halftone screen
1884
Art Worker’s Guild formed

1886
Mergenthaler,
Linotype machine
1886
Hobby Horse published
1887
Lanston, Monotype
Machine
1889
Van Gogh, Starry Night
1888
Morris designs Golden type
Cheret, Legion
of Honor
1890
1891
Toulouse Lautrec, Moulin Rouge
1891
Edison, Kinetoscopic
camera
1894
Toorop, Delft salad oil poster
1898
Behrens, The Kiss
Beardsley, Morte D’Arthur
1893
Goudy’s Camelot, His first typeface
1895
1897
1896
Moser, Fifth Vienna Secession poster
1899
1900
Behrens, Sans-serif
running text; Klingspor issues Eckmannschrift
Wright designs
The House Beautiful;
Morris dies
1877
Morris makes his
first public lectures
on design
1879
Edison, Electric
lamp

c 1877
Muybridge, Sequence Photography
1883
Stevenson,
Treasure Island
1884
Twain,
Huckleberry Finn

1884
Grasset, First poster
1886
Statue of Liberty
1888
Eastman Kodak camera makes photography “every person’s art form”
Ford’s first
gas engine
1893
Morris Chaucer
type
1893
1894
Mucha, Gismonda poster
1894
Rhead returns
to America; Bradley,
Inland printer covers; Beggarstaffs agency
founded
1894
Morris and Crane, The Story of the Glittering Plain
1894
Nicholas II becomes
Russian czar
McNair and Macdonald’s Glasgow fine arts poster
1895
1895
Bing, l’Art Nouveau
gallery opens

1896
Ricketts begins
Vale Press; Rogers joins Riverside Press; Hornby starts Ashendene
Press
1896
Steinlen, La Rue poster
1896
Jugend, First issue
1896
Morris, Kelmscott Chaucer
Vienna Secession
formed
Fournier le Jeune,
standardize
type sizes
1737
1898
Ver Sacrum begins publication
1898
Curie discovers
radium
1901
1904
Lauweriks teaches geometric grid composition in
Germany
1905
Einstein, The Theory
of Relativity
1903
Doves Press Bible
1906-1907
1908
Picasso, influenced
by Cezanne and
African art
Loeffler designs Fledermaus poster
Hohlwein, PKZ poster
1907
1908
Model T Ford
1909-1912
Analytical Cubism
1909
NAACP formed

Behrens and Bernhard, AEG turbine hall
1902
Moser, 13th Vienna Secession poster
1903
The Wright Brothers,
first airplane flight

1902
Ashbee, Essex House Psalter
1909
Marinetti, Manifesto of Futurism; Braque,
Pitcher and Violin
1909
Queen Victoria
dies
1901
Klingspor issues Behrensschrift
1901
Dudorvich, Bitter Campari poster
1903
Hoffmann, Moser, Vienna workshops
are established

1905
Bernhard, Priester
matches poster

1905
The Bridge
expressionist group
20th Century
1912
Wright, Coonley
House with geometric stained glass windows
1913
Malevich, 1st suprematist painting
1911
Kandinsky, Non-objective paintings
1914
1916
WWI Begins
Leete, Kitchener “wants you” poster
Van der Leck, Batavier Line poster
1915
1916
Dada founded;
Arp, “chance” in art
1917
De Stijl movement
and journal begins

Klinger, 8th war loan campaign poster
1910
1911
The Blue Rider expressionist group

1917
Ball, Dada sound poems; Coburn, Vortographs
1917
1911
Erdt, Opel poster

1913
Synthetic Cubism

1913-1914
New York Armory
Show
Behrens, AEG lamp poster
Kandinsky, Concerning the Spiritual in Art
1910
1910
Mondrian learns of cubism
1914
de Chirico, Departure
of the Poet
1914
Kafka, The Trial
1915
Marinetti, “Mountains + Valleys + Streets x Joffre”

1916
Johnston,
Railway type
Flagg “Uncle Sam” poster
1917
1917
Russian Revolution Begins

1918
Wendingen magazine founded; Koch forms workshop community
1919
Gropius founds Weimar Bauhaus and publishes manifesto
1919
1920
Vladimir Lebedeve
becomes father of the
20th century Russian picture book
1923
Moholy-Nagy replaces
Itten at Bauhaus;
Bauhaus expedition, Tschichold attend
1922
Berlewi,
Mechano-fakturo
theory
Breton, Manifesto
of Surrealism
1924
1925
Bauhaus moves
to Dessau
1925
Fitzgerald, The
Great Gatsby
1928
Koch, Kabel
1932
Cassandre, Dubonnet poster
Depero, Dinamo Azari
1927
Stock Market
Crash
1929
1931
1930
Beck, London underground map
1933
1934
Brodovich art directors Harper’s Bazaar
1934
Heartfield, Yuletide poster
Mies van der Rohe
moves Bauhaus
to Berlin
Lissitzky, “Beat the Whites with the Red Wedge” poster
1919
Schwitters, Merz exhibition; Heartfield, Grosz and others found Berlin Dada
1922
Kandinsky joins Bauhaus
Lindbergh, 1st solo
flight across Atlantic;
Stalin rules Russia
1927
Renner, Futura
1927
1928
Tschichold, Die Neue Typographie
1928
Gropius, Moholy-Nagy
and Bayer leave
Bauhaus
Lissitzky, Russische Ausstellung poster
1929
1929
Man Ray, “Sleeping Woman”
1930
Gustav Klutis extols Soviet accomplishments in photomontage posters
1930
Bill, Stankowski and
others, Constructivists Graphic Design
Van Doesburg dies;
De Stijl journal ends
1932
Morrison, Times New Roman
1932
Low point of
Depression; Roosevelt elected president
1935
1936-1943
Hohlwein, designs
for Nazis
WPA hires artists for
design projects
Nazis raid
Heartfield’s apartment; Nazis close Bauhaus, arrest Tschichold
Hitler becomes
German chancellor
1918
Czar Nicolas II
executed; WWI Ends

1918
Van Doesburg, composition XI
1918
Hausmann & Hoch, photomontages
1918
Apollinaire, Calligrammes
1919
Leger, La Fin du Monde
1910's
20th Century
1920's
1920
U.S. women gain
the right to vote
1920
Klee joins Bauhaus
1922
USSR formed
1923
Mayakovsky & Lissitzky,
For the Voice
1923
Binder, Vienna Music and Theater posters
1923
Hitler, Mein Kampf
1923
Werkman, first Next Call
Rodchenko, serial covers, Mess Mend
1924
Lissitzky, The Isms of Art
1924
Rietveld, Schroeder house
1924
Mussolini and Fascists consolidate power
in Italy
1924
Erte, First Harper’s Bazaar covers

1924
1925
Tschichold, elementare typographie
Bayer, Universal alphabet
1925
Cassandre, L’Intransigeant poster

1925
Cassandre, Etoile du Nord poster
1927
1928
Warner Brothers, 1st
sound motion picture
1928
Zwart, NKF Catalog

20th Century
1930's
1930
Ghandi leads
protest against salt tax

1931
Gill, Essay on
Typography
1931
Empire State Building
1933
1933
1934
Mao Tse-tung leads Long March
1935
Rural Electric
Administration
1935
Matter, Pontresina
poster
1937
Beall, REA posters
1936
Binder, New York World’s
Fair poster
1939
Late 1930s
Bauhaus masters Albers, Bayer, Breuer, Gropius, Mies van der Rohe and Moholy-Nagy imgrate to the US
Jacobson, design
director for CCA
1937
Picasso, Guernica
Moholy-Nagy,
School of Design
Thompson, First Westvaco Inspirations
1936
Roosevelt
re-elected
1939
1939
Germany invades Poland; WWII begins
1939
New York World’s Fair;
Sutnar emigrates to US

1939
Late 1930s
Binder, Carlu, Cassandre and Kauffer to the US
1907
Deutscher Werkbund formed

1902
Wright, 1st prairie
style house
20th Century
1940's
1940s
Rand, Directions
covers; Golden becomes
Art Director of CBS
1942
Bill, Moderne
Schweizer Architekture
1941
Lissitzky dies
Mass-production of Penicillin
1943
1944
Sutnar, Catalog Design
1944
Herdeg, Graphis First Issue
1947
Marshall plan
WWII Ends; United
Nations Formed
1945
Ghandi
assassinated
1948
1941
Japan attacks Pearl Harbor
Lustig, New Directions book covers
1945
Olden joins CBS
1945
1947
Pintori joins Olivetti; Ruder and Hofmann join Basel School of Design Faculty
1947
Rand, Thoughts
on Design
Matter Knoll chair ads
1948
1948
Man Ray, “Sleeping Woman”
1940s
Games, WWII posters;
Churchilll, “Blood, Toil, Tears, and Sweat” Speech
1940
Print Magazine, First Issue
1941
Carlu, “America’s answer! Production” poster
Alexander Liberman becomes Art director
of Vogue
1943
1944
Mondrian dies
Goudy, Typologia
1940
1940
Kauffer, Greek resistance poster
1945
CCA Allied Nations
Advertisements
1947
Tschichold joins
Penguin Books
1949
Mao Tse-tung’s
communist forces seize power in China
1949
Doyle Dane
Bernbach Founded
1950's
1951
Brodovitch, Portfolio magazine
Brodovitch’s Editorial
design classes
inspire a
generation
1950
Ulm School of Design
plan; Odermatt opens studio; Zapf designs Palatino
1953
Trepkowski, “Nie!” poster
1952
Frutiger, Univers fonts
1954
1955
Casey joins MIT;
Albert Einstein dies;
Disneyland Opens
de Harak opens New
York studio
1953
Wolf Art directs
Esquire
Testa, Pirelli graphics
Brown vs. Board of Education ends school segregation in the US
1952
Eisenhower elected
President
1954
1954
Matter, New Haven Railroad program New York and Hartford
1954
20th Century
1950's
1950
Alvid Eisenman creates graphic design program at Yale University
1950
First Xerox machine produced; Korean War
begins
1950
CCA “Great Ideas”
ads begin
1951
Golden, CBS symbol
1951
Color Television
introduced UNIVAC 1,
first massed produced computer
1952
Polio Vaccine developed;
Korean War Ends
Stankowski, Standard Elektrik Lorenz AG Logo
1953
Henri Matisse dies;
Senate Censures McCarthy; Push Pin Studios forms
1954
1955
Bass, Man with the
Golden Arm graphics
1957
Miedinger, Haas Grotesque (later named Helvetica by Stimpel Foundry)
1956
Rand, IBM logo
European Economic Community becomes effective
1958
1959
Brodovitch retires;
Wolf Art directs Bazaar; Communication
Arts first issue
1959
Neue Grafik Design Begins publication
1962
Aicher and Staff, Lufthansa identity system
Lois, Esquire “statement” covers
1960
Kennedy
assassinated
1963
1956
Pintori, Olivetti Electrosumma
22 poster
Kennedy elected
President
1960
Muller-Brockmann, der Film poster
1960
1962
1962
Fletcher, Forbes & Gill Founded; Andy Warhol exhibits his Campbell’s
Soup Cans
Tanaka design studio
opens; Total Design
opens in Amsterdam
1963
1956
Trepkowski dies; Tomaszewski leads
Polish movement, evolves toward a colorful
collage approach
1957
1957
Storch redesigns McCall’s
1958
Supreme Court orders
school desegregation
1958
1959
Hofmann, Giselle poster
1960's
1956
DNA molecule first photographed
Soviet Satellite Sputnik
launches the Space Age
Brownjohn, Chermayeff
and Geismar formed
1959
Golden dies; Castro ousts
Batista from Cuba
1959
Rodrigues “Visit
Portugal poster”
1959
Twen magazine
launched
20th Century
Chermayeff and Geismar, Chase Manhattan identity
1960
Venturi, Grand’s Restaurant supergraphics
1962
Berg joins
CBS Records
1966
Solomon, Sea Ranch Environmental graphics
US troops sent to
Vietnam
1965
1967
1966
Kieser, “Alabama Blues” poster
1964
Massin designs the Bald Soprano
1964
Mobil identity program
1964
Kamekura, Tokyo Olympics posters

Oxenaar, First new
Dutch currency
1965
Ruder, Typography: A
Manual of Design
1967
Wilson and Moscoso, Psychedelic poster
1967
Glaser, Dylan poster
1970s
Richards, Pirdel and
others, Texas becomes
a major design center
Neil Armstrong and
Buzz Aldrin land on
the moon
1969
1970
1970s
International
typographic still
becomes dominant throughout the world
1968
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated
1968
Weingart joins Basel
School of Design
Faculty; Ulm School of Design closes
Spencer, Pioneers of
Modern Typography

1969
Max, Love
Graphics

1970
1968
Wyman, Mexico City Olympics; Stankowski,
Berlin design program
1968
Zapf, Manuale Typographicum
1968-1971
Lubalin, Avant Guarde Magazine
1969
Compuserve, First
commercial online
service


20th Century
1970's
1970s
Postmodernism designates design breaking with modernism

Lubalin and Carnase, Avant
Guarde Typeface

1970
Antonio Salazar dies; Kent State shootings; Computer Floppy Disc is introduced

1970
Igarashi, Sato open studios

Massey, Labor
Department Identity,
Aicher and Staff,
Munich Olympics
1972
1975
Igarashi, isometric
alphabets
Nixon resigns
as President
1974
1976
1973
US pulls most troops
out of Vietnam

First Hard Werken
magazine
1978
Rambow First S.Fischer-Verlag poster
1971
Katherine and Michael
McCoy cochair Michigan’s Cranbook Academy of
Art design department
1977
Studio Dumbar opens;
Wild Plakken forms
1977
US National Parks
Unigrid System
1979
Iranian revolution;
Microsoft founded
1980
Apple’s first generation Macintosh computer
1984
Janiszewski, Solidarity logo
1981
IBM introduces the
personal computer
(PC)
20th Century
1980's
1980
Rambow, Die Hamletmachine poster
1980
Muller-Brockmann, concert poster series
1981
AIDS epidemic
recognized; MTV
launched
1981
Tanaka, “Nihon Buyo” poster
1981
Memphis Exhibition
in Milan
Susan Kare, first screen
fonts for the
Macintosh computer
1984
VanderLans, Émigré magazine
1984
Los Angeles
Olympics
1984
1985
Aldus introduced
PagerMaker software
for the Macintosh
computer
1985
Apple laser printer
1985
Manhattan Design, MTV logo

1985
First version of
Microsoft Windows
is released
1987
Greiman, bitmapped Design Quarterly
1987
Altmann, Ellis and
Greenhalgh cofound
Why Not Associates
1989
Abbott Miller and Ellen
Lupton form Design/Writing/Research
1989
PTT privatized; visual
identity by Studio Dumbar; Estrada opens own graphic
design studio
US Space Shuttle
Challenger explodes
during launch
1986
Oxenaar, Dutch
250-guilder note
1986
1987
Stone, Stone type
family
Rambow, South African
Roulette poster
1988
1990
1990
1989
Estrada opens
own graphic design
studio; Charles S. Anderson
Design Co. formed
1989
Berlin Wall
comes down
20th Century
1990's
Fletcher, Victoria and Albert logo
Macintosh II color computer; Adobe, multiple master typefaces; Bernes- Lee, HTML programming language
Hubble Telescope launched into space
1990
1991
Kuhr, color-xerored prototype for Wired magazine
1991
van Toorn becomes
directors of the Jan
van Eyck Academy
1994
33 percent of US
households have
computers
1994
Wired publishes first issue
Carson, Ray Gun magazine
1992
1996
HIV infects 27.9
million people; Kyle
Cooper founds
Imaginary Forces
1996
Muller-Brockmann
dies; Paul Rand dies
1999
The number of Internet
users worldwide reaches
150 million
Stolk, Briners & van den
Dungen form
Experimental Jetset
1997
Bradbury Thompson dies; Oklahoma City bombing;
Dan Friedman dies
1991
Jacqueline S.
Casey dies; Soviet
Union collapses
1994
Momayez, cover for Blue, A Collection of Forugh
Milani’s Poetry
1994
Hard Werken becomes
Inizio
1995
Adobe released
its first multiple-master typefaces
1992
Hans Dieter Reichart cofounds Bradbourne Publishing and begins baseline magazine
1995
Kit Hinrichs and Corporate Design Foundation, @issue: The Journal of Business and Design
1995
1996
Glaser, “Art Is…Whatever” poster
Licko, Mrs Eaves
typeface
1996
21st Century
2001
2001
Apple releases iPod
MP3 music player
September 11th terrorists attacks on the United States
2002
Rodriguez, “Goya Posada”
2004
Summer Olympics are
held in Athens
2004
Matthew Carter, the Yale typeface
First Iranian
Typography Exhibition
2003
More than 800 million Internet users globally, 200 million in the US
2005
The US space shuttle
“Columbia” explodes, killing seven astronauts
2003
Ingmar Bergman dies;
Erik Spiekermann appointed to board of directors at Microsoft
2007
2003
Chahine, Koufiya, fist dual-script font family (Latin and Arabic)
Apple introduces iPhone
2007
2007
Gil, Pioneers of Spanish Graphic Design
Fidel Castro resigns from the Cuban presidency; Summer Olympics held
in Beijing
2008
The world‘s stock exchange crash; triggering a global recession
2008
Apple introduces
the iPad
2010
Barack Obama
inaugurated president of the United States
2009
1898
Berthold Foundry, Akzidenz Grotesk
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/21st_century
http://history1900s.about.com/od/timelines/tp/timeline.htm
http://history1900s.about.com/od/timelines/tp/timeline.htm
http://history1900s.about.com/od/timelines/tp/timeline.htm
http://history1900s.about.com/od/timelines/tp/timeline.htm
http://history1900s.about.com/od/timelines/tp/timeline.htm
http://history1900s.about.com/od/timelines/tp/timeline.htm
http://history1900s.about.com/od/timelines/tp/timeline.htm
http://history1900s.about.com/od/timelines/tp/timeline.htm
http://history1900s.about.com/od/timelines/tp/timeline.htm
http://www.victoriaspast.com/FrontPorch/victorianera.htm
http://www.history.com/topics/industrial-revolution
http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Age_of_Enlightenment.html
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/497731/Renaissance
http://www2.uncp.edu/home/canada/work/markport/lit/introlit/medieval.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Classical_antiquity
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silk_Road
Full transcript