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Health

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by

Emily Phua

on 10 June 2015

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Transcript of Health

Health
Cardiac Arrest
Diseases
Mental Health Disorders
By Emily Phua
Communicable
can be passed from one person to another (flu, chicken pox, cold, strep throat)
transmitted by coughing, sneezing or an exchange of fluids (semen, vaginal fluids, mucus, saliva)










Non-communicable

cannot be passed from one person to another (asthma, heart disorders, cancer, diabetes)
from genetics, over use of drugs and alcohol, environment, lack of education, lifestyle choices, too little exercise, and poor diet











Alzheimer's
change in thinking
appear to be crazy
usually for life
medicine can help
effects any age
can be hereditary
A form of dementia or wasting away of the brain
Affects memory and thinking

Usually happens to the elderly
becomes worse over time
Anxiety Disorder
to have exaggerated worry, tension
anticipate disaster
overly concerned about health, family money, job, school
can't relax or concentrate, headaches, sleeping issues, hot flashes
medication can control symptoms
Examples: test anxiety, fear of airplanes, social anxiety
Bipolar Disorder
unusually elevated mood swings
risk factor between ages 15-29
can be caused by a genetic predisposition
Depression
always feeling sad or in a negative mood
becomes disruptive of daily life
Risks: death, life-changing experience, drug use, divorce, abuse/neglect, financial loss
Postpartum Depression:
when a mother feels emotionally detached from her baby
after a mother gives birth
can be deadly to child and/or siblings
physical harm or death
exhibit sadness, withdrawal, sleeping problems, eating problems, not maintaining physical self
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
(OCD) obsessions that cause uncontrollable rituals
having persistent upsetting thoughts and using rituals to deal with the anxiety
OCD and PTSD are forms of anxiety
rituals are hard to break and take control of daily life
unable to make it through a day without performing rituals
Rituals include counting/numbers, organizing/order, germ free/ cleaning, repetition, and touching
may/may not be cured by medicine or therapy
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
extreme amounts of stress after a traumatic event
sometimes an extremely scary or life threatening event
Examples: giving birth, post-war, abuse, divorce, sudden death, major car accident, terrorism event, financial loss
Schizophrenia
to have an impaired sense of reality
crazy
believes things are happening that aren't and believes in imaginary things (humans can change form)
auditory and visual hallucinations
disorganized speech and thinking
can cause harm to self and others
medication can help, but it is for life
Self-Mutilation
causing physical harm to self in order to relieve emotional pain
purposefully injuring self
NOT
trying to commit suicide
cutting, pulling hair, burning hair
Tourette's Syndrome
uncontrollable verbal or physical jerks
uncontrollable muscle jerks
saying or shouting words uncontrollably
sometimes goes away with age and/or medication
heart stops beating
blood stops pumping
no oxygen or blood pumping through the body
fibrilation - heart shakes
CPR is necessary
Heart Attack




heart muscle is denied oxygen and dies (turns black)
blood still pumping
heart muscle becomes damaged - myocardial infarction
the longer the attack, the more damage done
Signs:
extreme chest pain
shortness of breath
pain in jaw/left arm
sweating
nausea
Stroke



a blood clot in the brain
stops blood from passing through
causing death to part of the brain
Effects:
slurred speech
paralysis
memory loss
walking impairment
death
Effects:
death
makes heart weaker
more likely to have another
more likely to have cardiac arrest
Heart Disease or Cardiovascular Disease
Controllable Factors:
poor diet
lack of exercise
stress
high cholesterol
depression
anxiety
Uncontrollable Risk Factors:
genes
gender
aging
ethnicity
Signs:
slurred speech
weakness in face or body
trouble seeing
severe headache
confusion
Hypertension
(high blood pressure)
the force of blood pumping through the heart is very high and strong
can lead to heart attack or stroke
Causes:
genes
poor diet
lack of exercise
consuming more salt than usual
high stress

Treatment and Prevention:
diet and exercise
medication
reduced stress
High Cholesterol
Cholesterol
- fatty, wax-like substance that is naturally made in the liver and comes from eating animal products
Causes:
genes
poor diet
lack of exercise
Treatment and Prevention:
change in diet
more exercise
medication
HDL: (high density lipoproteins)
good
carries cholesterol away from the heart
LDL: (low density lipoproteins)
bad
draws cholesterol towards the heart
Arteriosclerosis
cholesterol and plaque that hardens in the arteries
Causes:
plaque build-up
cholesterol build-up
genetics
Treatment and Prevention:
stent
angioplasty
bypass surgery
stent:

a mesh tube is inserted into your arteries to open them up
angioplasty:
a small balloon is threaded into a clogged artery and blown up to allow the passage of blood
bypass surgery:

a fake artery is attached before the clot and after the clot in order to "bypass" the clot
Cancer
the uncontrollable abnormal growth of cells
can happen to anyone at any age
sometimes grows more rapidly than others
unpredictable
can attack any part of the body
can be fatal
Four Forms of Cancer
1. blood
2. skin
3. as a tumor
4. lymph nodes (makes WBC's)
Causes of Cancer:

tobacco
diet and obesity
sedentary lifestyle
family history
occupation
viruses
alcohol
environmental pollution
UV radiation
Two Types Of Tumors:
Benign
-
non-threatening, non-cancerous mass

Malignant
-
mass with cancerous cells
Types of Treatment:
surgery:

removes the mass (tumor)
chemotherapy:
drug treatment to kill cancer cells
radiation:

laser x-rays beamed into tumor to shrink it
Preventing Cancer:




don't smoke
no excessive drinking
exercise
healthy diet
regular check-ups
avoid carcinogens
eat fiber
use sunblock
self monitoring
Skin Cancer
Three Types Skin Cancer:
Melanoma
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Melanoma:



tumor that grows and makes a mole
looks like a reddish mole
most dangerous cancer
curable
least common



Basal Cell Carcinoma:



looks like a bumpy nodule or scaly patch
most common type of skin cancer
forms in the deepest (base) layer of the skin

Squamous Cell Carcinoma:



looks like a bumpy nodule or scaly patch
forms on the surface of the skin



Prevention of Skin Cancer:



wear sunblock
reapply often
limit exposure to UV rays
see a dermatologist
regular self check
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