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The Crucible: A Psychoanalysis
Transcript of The Crucible: A Psychoanalysis
A Psychoanalysis Forces that control human behaviour
Hidden from us
Created from sexual and biologial needs Instincts The unconscious 1856-1939 Needy Selfish Demanding Pleasure Life Instincts Libido - perpetuation of life
Self presevation Death Instincts Nirvana Principle
Wish to die
Destruction society morality conscious Learned behaviours
Internalization of punishments and warnings
Instincts of social origin
Conflicts with id Rationality Reality Principle Mediation Defense Mechanisms Invoked when conflict arises between id and superego
Maintain survival of organism
Deal with reality 4 Corners Question 1: If you were afraid of a bully, becoming a bully yourself is a viable method of eliminating your fear. Question 2: It is alright to become irrational in order to be with the one you love. Question 3: When being blamed for something you know you are guilty of , it is often easier to make the accuser feel guilty about something else rather than apologize Defense Mechanisms “He wake me every night, [John’s] eyes were like coals and his fingers claw at my neck, and I sign, I sign [...] Abby, Abby, I’ll never hurt you more!” (Miller 119) Mary being accused by Abigail
Afraid for life
Identification with the agressor
Joins girls and attacks John
Mob psychology I know you clutched my back behind your house and sweated like a stallion whenever I come near! Or did I dream that? It’s she put me out, you cannot pretend it were you. I saw your face when she put me out, and you loved me then and you do now!” (22) “Spare me! You forget nothin’ and you forgive nothin’. Learn charity, woman. [...] I cannot speak but I am doubted, every moment judged for lies, as though I come into a court when I come into this house!” (55) John unfairly angry with Elizabeth
Unconsciously denies own guilt and tries to make Elizabeth feel guilty
Has not forgiven self
Not different from anyone else in the town
Abigail uses affair as justification for pursing John and killing Elizabeth
Knows that he is married
Knowns that he does not want her anymore
Relationship does not have much prospect
“I’ll lead them in a psalm, but let you say nothing of witchcraft yet. I will not discuss it. The cause is yet unknown. I have had enough contention since I came; I want no more” (17) Parris knows betty has been up to questionable deeds in the forest
Pretends he does not know and attacks anyone who tries to imply witchcraft
Does not want to accept it himself
Lies to town to protect self
Blames witches in the end and never confronts Betty
Starts witch hunt
Danger in denial Question 4: To not receive your final grade for a class in which you knew you did poorly on in order to avoid disapointment. Death Drive/Thanatos Desire for destruction
Inherent in all humans Abigail
What do we know about her past? Lost family at young age
Put into orphanage
Never able to experience joys of love
Sense of love is twisted
Resorts to John Proctor
Even this is taken away from her. What is a Puritan Society? Dance in the forest
type of sanctuary/ escape from society
goes against what is typically accepted
reveals aggresive desires
Why doesn't she confess?
"No one was naked! You mistake yourself,uncle!(11)
"I never sold myself! I'm a good girl! I'm a proper girl!"(43)
"If I must answer that, I will leave and I will not come back again!(111) She has nothing; everything has been taken from her
She blames the town
Wishes for nothing less than the destruction of the town Thomas Putnam
"So it is not surprising to find that so many
accusations against people are in the
handwriting of Thomas Putnam, or that his name
is so often found in corroborating the supernatural
Vengeful, condemns others for insignificant things
Considers himself superior to others Frustrated about shortcomings in life
Blames & exerts aggression towards others
Satisfies himself through misfortune/destruction of others.
"Twelve are already executed; the names of these are given out, and the
village expects to see them die this morning. Postponement now speaks
a floundering on my part; reprieve or pardon must cast doubt upon the
guilt of them that died till now.”(129)
Has the ability to return town to peace
Refuses to back down
Chooses reputation over peace
Rebellion and destruction ensues "I never done any of it, Abby. I only looked!" (19) Mary, like all girls her age in the 1600's, is denied the right other own sexuality because of her Puritan faith.
Sexuality = basic Freudian life instinct
By spying on the girls dancing naked in the forest, Mary Warren is expressing and satisfying her own repressed sexuality through an indirect and more accessible means.
Mary watching the girls is an attempt to satisfy her basic sexual desire that is denied her by her Puritan society.
Mary is a weak, innocent and curious character. A Freudian analysis of The Crucible reveals that the actions of central characters are unconsciously motivated by Freudian life instincts, death drives, and defense mechanisms, ultimately allowing for a deeper look into their inner psychology. "He is not quite pleased. He reachers to a cupboard, take a pinch of salt, and drops it into the pot." (49) John salting the soup is a symbolic revealing of his unsatisfied sexual instincts.
Subconsciously feels that this justifies his affair with Abigail.
Just as the soup dissatisfies his taste, Elizabeth dissatisfies his sexual instincts, and so he seeks satisfaction from an outside source in both cases
adding the salt proves that John feels the need to assert his dominant role and prove to Elizabeth that he still has some cards up his sleeve.
Symbolizes his rejection of Elizabeth and her ideals in favour of his own "I will not give you no name. I mentioned my wife's name once and I'll burn in hell long enough for that. I stand mute." (97) Giles has satisfied his life instincts
this was achieved by his attempt to save his wife and other people who were put on trial
Becomes aware of his mistake; demonic epiphany makes him realize how foolish he truly is.
Despite his foolishness, he shows a determination and eagerness to save lives by resisting arrest
Is true to himself and his character in the end when he sacrifices himself for the sakes of his sons'
Life, Sex and the Working Mind